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Barwell, Richard (1741–1804), East India Company servant, was born in Calcutta on 8 October 1741, the second of the four sons of William Barwell (1705–1769), governor of Fort William, Bengal (1748–9), afterwards a director of the East India Company, and his third wife, ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Bowdoin, James (1726–1790), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 7 August 1726 in Boston, Massachusetts, the youngest child of James Bowdoin (1676–1747), a prosperous merchant and landowner, and his second wife, Hannah Portage (d. 1734). Known in his youth as ...

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Clitherow, Sir Christopher (1577/8–1641), merchant and politician, was the only son of Henry Clitherow (d. 1608), a merchant, of the parish of St Andrew Undershaft, London, and his first wife, Bridget, the daughter of Thomas Hewett. He was presumably descended from Richard...

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Crisp, Sir Nicholas, first baronet (c. 1599–1666), merchant and royalist, was the son of Ellis Crisp (d. 1625) of Hammersmith (but descended from a Gloucestershire landed family), a prominent merchant, alderman, and sheriff of London in 1625, and his wife, Hester. Crisp...

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Garrard, Sir Samuel, fourth baronet (1651–1725), politician and merchant, was the sixth child and fourth son of Sir John Garrard, second baronet (d. 1686), of Lamer, landowner, and his wife, Jane (1617–1692), daughter of Sir Moulton Lambard of Westcombe, Kent, and his wife, ...

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Gladstone [Gladstones], Sir John, first baronet (1764–1851), merchant and politician, was born John Gladstones on 11 December 1764 in Leith, the eldest son of the sixteen children (four dying in infancy) of Thomas Gladstones (1732–1809), a merchant in Leith, and his wife, Nelly (1739–1806)...

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Heathcote, Sir Gilbert, first baronet (1652–1733), merchant and politician, was born on 2 January 1652, the eldest son of Gilbert Heathcote, ironmonger of Chesterfield, Derbyshire, and Anne, daughter of George Dickons of Chesterfield. Several generations of his family were interested in Derbyshire lead mining. ...

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Hodges, Sir William, first baronet (c. 1645–1714), merchant and politician, was born about 1645, the son of John Hodges of Cotherstock, or Cotterstock, in Northamptonshire. Little is known of his family background beyond the information supplied when he received a grant of arms in 1698, and it seems likely that his origins were humble. He married in 1681 (by licence granted on 25 April) ...

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Laurens, Henry (1724–1792), revolutionary politician in America and merchant, was born on 6 March 1724 in Charles Town, South Carolina, the first son and third of the six children of Esther (Hester) Grasset (1700–1742) and John Samuel Laurens (1696–1747). Descended from French Huguenot refugees, the family had moved to ...

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Leman, Sir John (1544–1632), merchant and mayor of London, was born at Saxlingham, Norfolk, a younger son of John Leman of Beccles in Suffolk and the neighbouring Norfolk village of Gillingham, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of John Alston of Pevenham in ...

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Malet, Sir Charles Warre, first baronet (1753–1815), East India Company servant, was the eldest son of Alexander Malet (1704–1775), rector of Combe Florey, Somerset, and Maiden Newton, Dorset, and his wife, Ann, daughter of the Revd Laurence St Lo of Pulham, Dorset. At an early age he entered the service of the ...

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McGill, James (1744–1813), fur trader and politician in Canada, was born on 6 October 1744 in Stockwell Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the second child and eldest son of James McGill (bap. 1717, d. 1784) and his wife, Margaret Gibson. His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather ...

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Middleton, Nathaniel (1750–1807), East India Company servant, was one of the several children of the Revd Samuel Middleton (1703–1758), the incumbent at Whitmore, Staffordshire, from 1738 to 1758, and his wife, Mary (fl. 1715–1755). Two of his brothers, who were also covenanted company servants, were baptized in the parish of ...

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Myddelton [Middleton], Sir Thomas (1549x56–1631), merchant and politician, was the fourth son and one of the sixteen children of Richard Myddelton (d. c.1578), MP and governor of Denbigh, who in that capacity served the earl of Leicester as a lieutenant in ...

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Orme, Robert (1728–1801), historian of India and East India Company servant, was born on 25 December 1728 at Anjengo in Travancore, India. One of four children, he was the second son of Alexander Orme (d. 1736), chief of the settlement at Anjengo...

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Pitt, Thomas (1653–1726), merchant and politician, was born at Blandford, Dorset, on 5 July 1653, the second son of John Pitt (d. 1672), the local rector, and his wife, Sarah, the daughter of John Jay of West Hemsworth, Witchampton, Dorset. His early trading career remains obscure, but in 1673 he sailed to ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by R. J. Bingle

Prinsep, Henry Thoby (1792–1878), East India Company servant, was the fourth son of John Prinsep (1746–1830) and his wife, Sophia Elizabeth Auriol (1760–1850), sister of James Peter Auriol, secretary to the government of Warren Hastings, whom he married in Calcutta in 1782. Having gone out to ...

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Scawen, Sir William (1646/7–1722), merchant and politician, was born in St Germans, Cornwall, the fifth son of Robert Scawen (1602–1670) of Horton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Cavendish Alsop, a London merchant. His younger brother Thomas 1654–1730 [see below]...

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Spencer, Sir John (d. 1610), merchant and lord mayor of London, was the son of Richard Spencer of Waldingfield in Suffolk, but details of his family background and early years are not known. There is no record of his London apprenticeship or freedom, but he entered the livery of the ...