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Bingham, Sir Richard (1527/8–1599), soldier and president of Connacht, was the third son of Robert Bingham of Melcombe-Bingham, Dorset, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Thomas Coker of Mappowder in the same county. His elder brothers were Robert and Christopher; he also had two sisters and five younger brothers, ...

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Capel, Arthur, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 February 1604 at Hadham Hall, Hertfordshire, the only son of Sir Henry Capel (d. 1622) of Hadham Parva and Theodosia, daughter of Sir Edward Montagu...

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Carew, George, earl of Totnes (1555–1629), soldier and administrator, was born on 29 May 1555, the second son of George Carew (1497/8–1583), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1605), daughter of Sir Nicholas Harvey and his second wife, Bridget...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Cromwell, Henry (1628–1674), soldier, politician, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born on 20 January 1628 at Huntingdon and baptized there at All Saints' Church on 29 January, the fifth of nine children and fourth among the five sons of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658)...

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Devereux, Robert, second earl of Essex (1565–1601), soldier and politician, was born on 10 November 1565. He was the elder son and heir of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex (1539–1576). Through his mother, Lettice (1543–1634), he was a member of Elizabeth I's...

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Grimston, Edward (1507/8–1600), soldier and administrator, was born between February 1507 and February 1508, probably at Thorndon, Suffolk, or at Ipswich, elder son (at his father's death he had a brother and two sisters) of Edward Grimston (1462–1520), gentleman, of Thorndon (probably Rishangles Lodge...

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Herbert, William, first earl of Pembroke (1506/7–1570), soldier and magnate, was the second son of Richard Herbert (d. 1510) of Ewyas, a gentleman usher to Henry VII, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Matthew Cradock of Swansea. His paternal grandfather was ...

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More, Sir George (1553–1632), landowner and administrator, was born on 28 November 1553 at Loseley, Surrey, the only son of Sir William More (1520–1600), landowner, of Loseley, and his second wife, Margaret, daughter and heir of Ralph Daniel of Swaffham, Norfolk. He was admitted to ...

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Peel, Jonathan (1799–1879), politician, soldier, and patron of the turf, the fifth son of Sir Robert Peel, first baronet (1750–1830), cotton manufacturer, and his first wife, Ellen Yates (1766–1803), and brother of Sir Robert Peel, second baronet, the politician, was born at Chamber Hall...

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Sherley [Shirley], Anthony [known as Sir Anthony Sherley], Count Sherley in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1565–1636?), adventurer and diplomat in the Persian service, was born at the family estate of Wiston in Sussex, one of nine children of Sir Thomas Sherley (c. 1542–1612)...

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Skelton, Bevil (c. 1641–1696), diplomat and soldier, was the eldest son of the Yorkshire soldier Sir John Skelton (d. 1673), lieutenant-governor of Plymouth from 1660, and his wife, Bridget (d. 1681), daughter of Sir Peter Prideaux. He later hinted that he served with the tiny royalist army in the 1657 campaign that culminated in the battle of the ...

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Smith, John (bap. 1580, d. 1631), soldier and colonial governor, was baptized on 9 January 1580 at Willoughby by Alford in Lincolnshire, the son of George Smith (d. 1596), whose family was from Lancashire, and Alice Rickard, from a Yorkshire family. A yeoman, ...

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Unton [Umpton], Sir Henry (c. 1558–1596), diplomat and soldier, was born at Wadley, the second son of Sir Edward Unton (d. 1583) of Wadley, near Faringdon, Berkshire, and his wife, Anne Dudley (1538–1587) [see under Seymour, Jane], the eldest daughter of ...

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Wentworth, Thomas, second Baron Wentworth and de jure seventh Baron Le Despenser (1525–1584), soldier and administrator, was the eldest of at least eight sons and the heir of Thomas Wentworth, first Baron Wentworth (1501–1551), nobleman, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1551), elder daughter and coheir of ...