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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Croft, Sir James (c. 1518–1590), lord deputy of Ireland and conspirator, was the eldest surviving son of Richard Croft (d. 1562) of Croft Castle, Herefordshire, and his second wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir Richard Herbert of Montgomery. His great-grandfather Sir Richard Croft (d. 1509)...

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Gordon, William, sixth Viscount Kenmure and Jacobite marquess of Kenmure (d. 1716), Jacobite conspirator, was the only son of Alexander Gordon (d. 1698) of Cuil and Penninghame, fifth Viscount Kenmure, and his second wife, Marion (d. in or before 1672), widow of one ...

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Russell, William, Lord Russell [called the Patriot, the Martyr] (1639–1683), politician and conspirator, was born on 29 September 1639, the third but second surviving son of William Russell, fifth earl and later first duke of Bedford (1616–1700), nobleman, and his wife, Anne (1615–1684)...

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Turner, Francis (1637–1700), bishop of Ely, nonjuror, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 23 August 1637, the eldest son of Thomas Turner (bap. 1592, d. 1672), chaplain to Charles I and dean of Canterbury, and his wife, Margaret (1607/8–1692), daughter of Charles's secretary of state, ...