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Acland, Sir Arthur Herbert Dyke, thirteenth baronet (1847–1926), politician and educational reformer, was born at Holnicote, near Porlock, Somerset, on 13 October 1847, the third son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, eleventh baronet (1809–1898), and his first wife, Mary (d. 1851), daughter of ...

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Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, eleventh baronet (1809–1898), politician and educational reformer, born at Killerton, Devon, on 25 May 1809, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, and his wife, Lydia Elizabeth (d. 1856), only daughter of ...

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Anson, Sir William Reynell, third baronet (1843–1914), politician and college head, was born at Walberton, Sussex, on 14 November 1843, the eldest son of Sir John William Hamilton Anson, second baronet (1816–1873), and his wife, Elizabeth Catherine (d. 1903), daughter of Major-General Sir Denis Pack...

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Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888), poet, writer, and inspector of schools, was born at Laleham-on-Thames, Middlesex, on 24 December 1822, the eldest son and second of the nine surviving children of the Revd Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) and Mary Penrose Arnold (1791–1873). Thomas Arnold had been a fellow of ...

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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Butler, Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes (1873–1952), administrator in India and college head, born at Julian Hill, Harrow, on 19 May 1873, was the third son of Spencer Perceval Butler, barrister, of Lincoln's Inn, later conveyancing counsel to the High Court of Justice and the ...

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Colebrooke, Henry Thomas (1765–1837), administrator in India and scholar, was born in London on 15 June 1765, youngest son of Sir George Colebrooke, second baronet (1729–1809), banker and for four years chairman of the East India Company (1769–73), and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Colman, Grace Mary (1892–1971), educationist and politician, was born at 7 Dorlcote Road, Wandsworth, London, on 30 April 1892, the daughter of Frederick Selincourt Colman (1857–1917), vicar of Earlsfield and later a canon of Worcester Cathedral, and his wife, Constance Mary Hawkings. Grace's...

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Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839), political writer and college head, was born in Westminster on 22 October 1759, the son of Thomas Cooper, who was entitled to bear heraldic arms. He matriculated from University College, Oxford, in February 1779, but did not take a degree; well known in later life as a freethinker, he is said to have refused to sign the ...

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Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet (1571–1631), antiquary and politician, was born at Denton, Huntingdonshire, on 22 January 1571, and baptized there five days later. He was the eldest son of Thomas Cotton (b. in or before 1544, d. 1592), of Conington, Huntingdonshire...

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Creighton [née von Glehn], Louise Hume (1850–1936), social activist and writer of popular history and biography, was born on 7 July 1850 at Peak Hill Lodge, Sydenham, on the outskirts of London, tenth child of Robert William von Glehn (1801–1885) and Agnes Duncan (...

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...

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Dickinson, William (bap. 1756, d. 1822), antiquary and political manager, was baptized William Dickinson Rastall at St Mary's, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, on 15 June 1756, the only son of the Revd Dr William Rastall (1724–1788) and his wife, Mary Allgood of Branton, Northumberland. His father, who in 1774 became vicar-general of the chapter of ...

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Dixon, George (1820–1898), educational reformer and politician, was born on 21 July 1820 at Gomersal, Yorkshire, the fourth son in the family of five sons and three daughters of Abraham Dixon (d. 1850), merchant and inventor in the woollen textile industry, of ...

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Fanshawe, Sir Richard, first baronet (1608–1666), diplomat and translator, was born in June 1608 at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and baptized on 12 June, the youngest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616), exchequer official, and his wife, Elizabeth Smythe (1577?–1631). The household into which he was born was on a scale appropriate to a senior royal servant who could trace gentry status back to the medieval ...

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Fitzmaurice, Edmond George Petty- [known as Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice], Baron Fitzmaurice (1846–1935), politician and historian, was born on 19 June 1846 at Lansdowne House, Berkeley Square, London, the second son of Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice, earl of Shelburne, later fourth marquess of Lansdowne...