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Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Baxter, James Keir (1926–1972), poet and publicist, was born on 29 June 1926 at 97 Elm Row, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, the son of Archibald McColl Learmond Baxter (1881–1970), a small farmer descended from immigrant Scottish highlanders, and his wife, Millicent Amiel Macmillan Brown (1888–1984)...

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Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, on 25 June 1903, the only son of Richard Walmesley Blair (1857–1938), a sub-deputy opium agent in the government of Bengal, and his wife, Ida Mabel Limouzin (1875–1943)...

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Alfred Cochrane

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Bowles, Thomas Gibson (1842–1922), politician and newspaper proprietor, was born on 15 January 1842, the illegitimate son of Thomas Milner-Gibson (1806–1884) and Susan Bowles, of whom nothing else is known. His father's wife, Susanna, made him welcome with his eight stepbrothers and -sisters. He was educated at ...

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Churchill, Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer (1911–1968), journalist and politician, was born at Bolton Street, Mayfair, London, on 28 May 1911, the only son and second of four children of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874–1965), later prime minister, and his wife, Clementine Ogilvy Churchill, ...

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Courtney, Leonard Henry, Baron Courtney of Penwith (1832–1918), journalist and politician, eldest son of the nine children of John Sampson Courtney (d. 1881), banker, of Alfreston House, Penzance, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1859), daughter of John Mortimer, was born at ...

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Davis, Thomas Osborne (1814–1845), politician and journalist, was born at Mallow, co. Cork, on 24 October 1814, not on 16 October as has sometimes been asserted. His father, James Thomas Davis, held a commission in the British army, and as a surgeon in the ...

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Driberg, Thomas Edward Neil, Baron Bradwell (1905–1976), journalist and politician, was born on 22 May 1905, at Uckfield Lodge, Crowborough, Sussex, third and last son of John James Street Driberg (1841–1919), and his wife, Amy Mary Irving Bell (1866–1939). His father had retired from the ...

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Gardiner, Sir George Arthur (1935–2002), journalist and politician, was born at Nurses Bungalow, Witham, Essex, on 3 March 1935, the son of Stanley Frederick Gardiner, manager of a gas works, and his wife, (Ethel) Emma, née Gale, who had trained as a bookkeeper, but left her employment when she became pregnant. His parents were then living at ...

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Howard, Anthony Michell (1934–2010), journalist and broadcaster, was born on 12 February 1934 at 38 Cheniston Gardens, Kensington, London, the son of Canon (William) Guy Howard (1902–1981), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Janet Rymer, née Hogg (1904–1983). He attended Purton Stoke preparatory school...

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H. N. Brailsford

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Nevinson, Henry Woodd (1856–1941), social activist and journalist, was born at 5 South Fields Place, Leicester, on 11 October 1856, the second son of George Nevinson, a solicitor, and his wife, Maria Jane, née Woodd, who raised him in a strictly evangelical atmosphere. In 1872 he won a scholarship at ...

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Parkes, Sir Henry (1815–1896), politician and journalist in Australia, was born on 27 May 1815 at Motthouse, Canley Hamlet, Warwickshire, the youngest of the six children of Thomas Parkes (b. 1773), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Martha, née Faulconbridge (d...

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Rose, George (1744–1818), politician and publicist, was born at Lethnot, Forfarshire, on 17 June 1744, the second son of the Revd David Rose (1695–1758), a nonjuring episcopalian clergyman of the parish, and the first son of his second wife, Margaret (1705–1785), the daughter of a clansman, ...

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Wakley, Thomas (1795–1862), medical journalist and politician, was born on 11 July 1795 at Land Farm, Membury, Devon, the youngest son in the family of eleven children of Henry Wakley (1750–1842), a prosperous farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Minifie. He went to good grammar schools at ...

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Walter, John (1818–1894), newspaper proprietor and politician, was born on 8 October 1818 at Printing House Square, London, the eldest son of John Walter (1776–1847) of Printing House Square and his second wife, Mary, née Smithe, of Eastling, Kent. Sir Edward Walter was his brother. He was educated at ...

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Walter, John (1776–1847), newspaper proprietor and politician, was born at Battersea on 23 February 1776, the second son of John Walter (1739?–1812), printer and founder of The Times, and Frances Landen. He was educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, and at fourteen was apprenticed to ...