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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Brabazon, Reginald, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929), politician and philanthropist, was born on 31 July 1841 in a house near Belgrave Square, London, the second son of William Brabazon (1803–1887), styled Lord Brabazon and from 1851 eleventh earl of Meath, and his wife, ...

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Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, first baronet (1786–1845), politician and philanthropist, born on 1 April 1786, was the eldest son of Thomas Fowell Buxton, of Earl's Colne, Essex, and his wife, Anna, daughter of Osgood Hanbury, of Holfield Grange, in the same county. His mother, who was a member of the ...

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Clive, Robert George Windsor-, first earl of Plymouth (1857–1923), politician and philanthropist, was born in John Street, Berkeley Square, on 27 August 1857, the only son of the Hon. Robert Windsor-Clive (1824–1859), Conservative MP for Ludlow (1852–4) and South Shropshire (1854–9), and his wife, ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley-, seventh earl of Shaftesbury (1801–1885), philanthropist and politician, was born on 28 April 1801 at 24 Grosvenor Square, London, the fourth child and eldest son of Cropley Ashley-Cooper, sixth earl of Shaftesbury (1768–1851) from 1811 and chairman of committees in the ...

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Corry, Montagu William Lowry, Baron Rowton (1838–1903), politician and philanthropist, was born in London on 8 October 1838, the third of four children (second of two sons) of Henry Thomas Lowry Corry (1803–1873) and his wife, Lady Harriet Anne Ashley-Cooper (d. 1868)...

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Courtenay, William Reginald, eleventh earl of Devon (1807–1888), politician and philanthropist, eldest son of William Courtenay, tenth earl (d. 19 March 1859), and his first wife, Lady Harriet Leslie, daughter of Sir Lucas Pepys, bt, was born in Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, London...

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Habersham, James (1713–1775), benefactor and colonial official, was born in June 1713 at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of James Habersham (d. in or after 1736), a dyer and innkeeper, and Elizabeth, née Sisson (d. 1720). Upon his mother's death, his father apprenticed him, aged seven, to his uncle, ...

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Oliver [née Joseph], Dame Beryl Carnegy (1882–1972), charity worker and administrator, was born Beryl Carnegy Joseph on 20 August 1882 in Australia. She was the only daughter of Francis Edward Joseph, gentleman, who later adopted the surname of his wife, Isabella Eliza Butter Carnegy (...

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O'Mahony [formerly Mahony], Pierce Charles de Lacy (1850–1930), politician and philanthropist, was born in Dublin to a Church of Ireland family on 9 June 1850, the second surviving son of Peirce Kenifeck Mahony (1817–1850), a landlord and barrister, of Kilmorna, co. Kerry...

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Pakenham, Francis Aungier [Frank], first Baron Pakenham and seventh earl of Longford (1905–2001), politician, writer, and philanthropist, was born at 7 Great Cumberland Place, London, on 5 December 1905, the younger son and third of the six children of Thomas Pakenham, fifth earl of Longford...

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Rendel, Stuart, Baron Rendel (1834–1913), industrialist, politician, and philanthropist, was born in Plymouth on 2 July 1834, the fourth son in the family of four sons and three daughters of James Meadows Rendel (1799–1856), civil engineer, and his wife, Catherine Jane, daughter of ...

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Ridding [née Palmer], Lady Laura Elizabeth (1849–1939), suffragist and philanthropist, was born on 26 March 1849 at Harley Street, London, the daughter of Roundell Palmer (1812–1895), later the first earl of Selborne, and his wife, Lady Laura Waldegrave (1821–1885), the second daughter of ...

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Shore, John, first Baron Teignmouth (1751–1834), governor-general of Bengal and founder and first president of the British and Foreign Bible Society, was born on 8 October 1751 at St James Street, Piccadilly, where the family were living temporarily, and was baptized in St James's Church...

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Villiers, Margaret Elizabeth Child- [née Margaret Elizabeth Leigh], countess of Jersey (1849–1945), political hostess and philanthropist, was born on 29 October 1849 at Stoneleigh Abbey, Warwickshire, the eldest daughter of William Henry Leigh, second Baron Leigh (1824–1905) and his wife, Lady Caroline Amelia Grosvenor (...

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Ward [née Arnold], Mary Augusta [known as Mrs Humphry Ward] (1851–1920), novelist, philanthropist, and political lobbyist, born on 11 June 1851 in Hobart Town, Van Diemen's Land, was the eldest child of Thomas Arnold (1823–1900), inspector of schools in Hobart Town...

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Wilberforce, William (1759–1833), politician, philanthropist, and slavery abolitionist, was born on 24 August 1759 at the Wilberforce house in High Street, Hull, the third child and only son of Robert Wilberforce (1728–1768), merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1798), daughter of Thomas Bird...

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Yale, Elihu (1649–1721), merchant and administrator in India and benefactor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 5 April 1649, the second son of David Yale (1614–1690) of Denbighshire, merchant, and Ursula Yale (b. c.1624). In 1652 Elihu's family returned to Britain...