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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Babington, Thomas (1758–1837), philanthropist and politician, was born on 18 December 1758, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Babington (1715–1776), of Rothley Temple, Rothley, Leicestershire, and his wife, Lydia (1726/7–1791), daughter of Joseph Cardale, vicar of Hinckley. After education at Rugby School...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Brabazon, Reginald, twelfth earl of Meath (1841–1929), politician and philanthropist, was born on 31 July 1841 in a house near Belgrave Square, London, the second son of William Brabazon (1803–1887), styled Lord Brabazon and from 1851 eleventh earl of Meath, and his wife, ...

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Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, first baronet (1786–1845), politician and philanthropist, born on 1 April 1786, was the eldest son of Thomas Fowell Buxton, of Earl's Colne, Essex, and his wife, Anna, daughter of Osgood Hanbury, of Holfield Grange, in the same county. His mother, who was a member of the ...

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Carpenter, Edward (1844–1929), campaigner for homosexual equality and socialist writer, was born on 29 August 1844 at 45 Brunswick Square, Brighton, Sussex, the third son of Charles Carpenter RN (1797–1882) and his wife, Sophia, the daughter of Thomas Wilson RN of Walthamstow. The ...

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Chadwick, Sir Edwin (1800–1890), social reformer and civil servant, was born at Longsight, near Manchester, on 24 January 1800. Surprisingly little is known of his early life, and of his mother nothing, except that she died in the infancy of her only son. His father, ...

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Clive, Robert George Windsor-, first earl of Plymouth (1857–1923), politician and philanthropist, was born in John Street, Berkeley Square, on 27 August 1857, the only son of the Hon. Robert Windsor-Clive (1824–1859), Conservative MP for Ludlow (1852–4) and South Shropshire (1854–9), and his wife, ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley-, seventh earl of Shaftesbury (1801–1885), philanthropist and politician, was born on 28 April 1801 at 24 Grosvenor Square, London, the fourth child and eldest son of Cropley Ashley-Cooper, sixth earl of Shaftesbury (1768–1851) from 1811 and chairman of committees in the ...

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Corry, Montagu William Lowry, Baron Rowton (1838–1903), politician and philanthropist, was born in London on 8 October 1838, the third of four children (second of two sons) of Henry Thomas Lowry Corry (1803–1873) and his wife, Lady Harriet Anne Ashley-Cooper (d. 1868)...

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Courtenay, William Reginald, eleventh earl of Devon (1807–1888), politician and philanthropist, eldest son of William Courtenay, tenth earl (d. 19 March 1859), and his first wife, Lady Harriet Leslie, daughter of Sir Lucas Pepys, bt, was born in Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, London...

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Courtney [née Potter], Catherine [Kate], Lady Courtney of Penwith (1847–1929), social worker and internationalist, was born on 4 April 1847 at Gayton Hall, Herefordshire, the second of nine daughters of Richard Potter (1817–1892), railway entrepreneur and speculator, and his wife, Lawrencina, née...

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Creighton [née von Glehn], Louise Hume (1850–1936), social activist and writer of popular history and biography, was born on 7 July 1850 at Peak Hill Lodge, Sydenham, on the outskirts of London, tenth child of Robert William von Glehn (1801–1885) and Agnes Duncan (...

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...

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Deedes, Sir Wyndham Henry (1883–1956), army officer, civil administrator, and social worker, was born on 10 March 1883 at 19 Westbourne Place, Belgravia, London, the second son of Colonel Herbert George Deedes, assistant under-secretary of state for war, and his wife, Rose Eleanor (...

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Greville, Charles Cavendish Fulke (1794–1865), political and social diarist, was born on 2 April 1794. His father, Charles Greville, MP for Petersfield and under-secretary of state in the Home department, was a grandson of the fifth Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court. His mother, ...

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Habersham, James (1713–1775), benefactor and colonial official, was born in June 1713 at Beverley, Yorkshire, the son of James Habersham (d. in or after 1736), a dyer and innkeeper, and Elizabeth, née Sisson (d. 1720). Upon his mother's death, his father apprenticed him, aged seven, to his uncle, ...

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, second baronet (1829–1906), politician and temperance campaigner, born on 4 September 1829 at his father's house, Brayton, near Carlisle, was the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, first baronet (1795–1867), and his wife, ...

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Lumsden, Dame Louisa Innes (1840–1935), promoter of women's education, headmistress, and suffragist, was born on 31 December 1840 in Aberdeen. She was the seventh and youngest child of Clements Lumsden (d. 1853), advocate and writer to the signet, and his wife, Jane (...