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Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

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Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier, was born on 30 June 1852 at 19 Prince's Terrace, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children of William Baliol Brett, first Viscount Esher (1815–1899), barrister and later master of the rolls, and his wife, ...

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India, was born at the British embassy in Paris on 31 March 1817, the elder of the two daughters of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist, and his wife, ...

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Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

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Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Churchill [née Jenyns], Sarah, duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744), politician and courtier, was born on 5 June 1660, probably at Holywell, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the fourth and youngest daughter of Richard Jenyns (c.1618–1668), whose name is often spelt Jennings by later writers, and his wife, ...

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G. B. Smith

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fremantle, Sir William Henry (1766–1850), politician and courtier, the youngest son of John Fremantle (d. 1784) of Aston Abbots, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Frances, daughter of John Edwards of Bristol, was born on 28 December 1766. The naval officer Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle...

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Hatton, Sir Christopher (c. 1540–1591), courtier and politician, was the second son of William Hatton (d. 1547) of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, and Alice, daughter of Lawrence Saunders. The family were lesser gentry with modest resources. Hatton entered St Mary Hall, Oxford, c.1556–7, probably as a gentleman commoner, where ...

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Hay, James, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636), courtier and diplomat, was the son of Sir James Hay (d. 1610) of Fingask, comptroller of Scotland in 1608, who lived in Pitscottie, Fife, and was descended from the earls of Erroll; his mother was probably ...

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Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke (1584–1650), courtier and politician, was born on 10 October 1584 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, the younger son of Henry Herbert, second earl of Pembroke (d. 1601), and his third wife, Mary Herbert, ...

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Radcliffe, Thomas, third earl of Sussex (1526/7–1583), lord lieutenant of Ireland and courtier, was the eldest son of Henry Radcliffe, second earl of Sussex (d. 1557) [see under Radcliffe, Robert, first earl of Sussex], and his first wife, Lady Elizabeth (...

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Rogers, Sir Edward (c. 1498–1568), courtier and administrator, was the eldest son of George Rogers of Langport, Somerset, and his wife, Elizabeth. He had links with the Courtenays, but his career centred upon service in the Tudor royal household. He committed a serious but unidentified offence in 1526 and fled with others to ...

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Seymour [née Percy], Elizabeth, duchess of Somerset (1667–1722), courtier and politician, was born on 26 January 1667 at Petworth, Sussex, and baptized there on 29 January. She was the only surviving daughter and heir of Joceline Percy, eleventh earl of Northumberland (1644–1670)...

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Sidney, Sir Henry (1529–1586), lord deputy of Ireland and courtier, was the eldest and only surviving son of Sir William Sidney and Anne (d. 1543), daughter of Sir Hugh Pagenham and widow of Thomas Fitzwilliam, elder brother of William Fitzwilliam, earl of Southampton...

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Sidney, Sir Philip (1554–1586), author and courtier, was born on 30 November 1554 at Penshurst, Kent, the first of seven children of Sir Henry Sidney (1529–1586) and his wife, Mary Sidney (1530x35–1586), daughter of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, and his wife, Jane Guildford...

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Thynne, Thomas, third Viscount Weymouth and first marquess of Bath (1734–1796), courtier and politician, was born on 13 September 1734, the eldest son and heir of Thomas Thynne, second Viscount Weymouth (1710–1751), landowner, and his second wife, Louisa (d. 1736), the second daughter of ...

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Verney, Sir Edmund (1590–1642), courtier and politician, was born on 1 January 1590 in Drury Lane, London, the second son of Sir Edmund Verney (1535–1600), knight of Penley, Hertfordshire, and his third wife, Mary Blakeney (d. 1642). Sir Edmund's first well-documented ancestor, ...