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Bowes, Sir Martin (1496/7–1566), goldsmith and mayor of London, was born in York in the parish of St Cuthbert, Peaseholme. Despite his disclaimer in 1549 that at the time of his going thirty-eight years previously to London at the age of fourteen (...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Cavendish, William George Spencer, sixth duke of Devonshire (1790–1858), whig grandee and connoisseur of the arts, only son and youngest of three children of William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire (1748–1811), and Georgiana Cavendish (1757–1806), elder daughter of John Spencer, first Earl Spencer...

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Clarke, George (1661–1736), politician and architect, was born on 7 May 1661 in the old Pall Mall, London, the only surviving child of Sir William Clarke (1623/4–1666), secretary at war to the Commonwealth and Charles II, and his wife, Dorothy (d. 1695)...

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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D'Oyly, Sir Charles, seventh baronet (1781–1845), administrator in India and artist, born at Murshidabad, India, in September 1781 and baptized on 16 September 1781, was the elder son of Sir John Hadley D'Oyly, sixth baronet (1754–1818), the East India Company's resident at the court of the ...

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Erskine, John, styled twenty-second or sixth earl of Mar and Jacobite duke of Mar (bap. 1675, d. 1732), Jacobite army officer, politician, and architect, was born on the lowland family estate at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, and baptized at Alloa parish church on 21 January 1675. He was the first of four surviving children of ...

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Gifford [married name Plunkett], Grace Evelyn Mary Vandeleur (1888–1955), artist and Irish nationalist, was born at 8 Temple Villas, Palmerston Road, Rathmines, Dublin, on 4 March 1888, one of the twelve children of Frederick Gifford (d. 1917), a solicitor, and his wife, ...

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Hamilton, Sir William (1731–1803), diplomatist and art collector, was born, according to the baptismal register, on 12 January 1731, either in London or at Park Place, a family residence near Remenham, Berkshire. He was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, on 27 January, the fourth and youngest son of ...

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Howard, Thomas, fourteenth earl of Arundel, fourth earl of Surrey, and first earl of Norfolk (1585–1646), art collector and politician, was born at Finchingfield, Essex, on 7 July 1585, the only son of Philip Howard, thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), and his wife, ...

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Leader, John Temple (1810–1903), politician and connoisseur of the arts, born at his father's country house, Putney Hill Villa, sometimes called Lower House, on 7 May 1810, was the younger son (in a family of two sons and four daughters) of William Leader (1767–1828)...

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Long, Charles, Baron Farnborough (1760–1838), politician and connoisseur of the arts, was born in the City of London in January 1760, the fourth son of Beeston Long, the head of a well-known firm of West Indies merchants in the City. A senior branch of the family, established at ...

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Morris, William (1834–1896), designer, author, and visionary socialist, was born at Elm House, Walthamstow, on 24 March 1834, eldest surviving son and fourth of the ten children of William Morris (1797–1847), financier in the City of London, and his wife, Emma (1805–1894), daughter of ...

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Newdigate, Sir Roger, fifth baronet (1719–1806), politician and architect, was born on 20 May 1719 at his family's seat, Arbury Hall, Warwickshire, the seventh son and the youngest of the eleven children of Sir Richard Newdigate, third baronet (1668–1727), landowner, and his second wife, ...

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Parnell, (Catherine Maria) Anna Mercer (1852–1910), Irish nationalist and artist, was born on 13 May 1852 at home at Avondale, co. Wicklow, the tenth of eleven children and fifth daughter of John Henry Parnell (1811–1859) and Delia Tudor, née Stewart (1816–1896). Her older brothers were ...

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Porter, Sir Robert Ker [pseud. Reynold Steinkirk] (1777–1842), painter, writer, and diplomat, was born in Durham on 26 April 1777, one of the five children of William Porter (1735–1779), who was buried at St Oswald's, Durham, in 1779 after twenty-three years' service as surgeon to the ...

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Smith, Rupert Alexander Alec- (1913–1983), architectural conservationist and local politician, was born on 5 September 1913 at Elloughton, near Hull, the only son and elder of the two children of Alexander Smith (1877–1952), timber merchant, and his wife, Lucy Adelaide, née Horsley (1879–1957)...

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Townshend, George, first Marquess Townshend (1724–1807), politician and caricaturist, was born on 28 February 1724 in London, the eldest son of Charles Townshend, third Viscount Townshend (1700–1764) [see under Townshend, Charles, second Viscount Townshend], politician, and his wife, Etheldreda Townshend (c. 1708–1788)...

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Walpole, Horatio [Horace], fourth earl of Orford (1717–1797), author, politician, and patron of the arts, was born on 24 September 1717 at his father's house in Arlington Street, Piccadilly, Westminster. The father was Robert Walpole, first earl of Orford (1676–1745), already a leading whig politician and on his way to becoming ...

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Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, fourth baronet (1749–1789), patron of the arts and politician, was born on 8 April 1749, the elder son of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, third baronet (1693?–1749), of Wynnstay, Denbighshire, and his second wife, Frances (1717/18–1803), daughter of a Cheshire...