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Adderley, James Granville (1861–1942), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 1 July 1861 at Hams Hall, Warwickshire, the fifth and youngest son of Charles Bowyer Adderley, first Baron Norton (1814–1905), and his wife, Julia Anne Eliza (d. 1887)...

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Aston, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1600–1646), apologist of the Church of England and local politician, was born on 29 September 1600 at Aston near Runcorn, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Aston (d. 1615) and his wife, Maude Needham. The Aston family had a long history of service to the crown and ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Besant [née Wood], Annie (1847–1933), theosophist and politician in India, was born at 2 Fish Street Hill in the City of London on 1 October 1847, the only daughter of William Persse Wood (d. 1852), underwriter, and his wife, Emily Roche Morris (...

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Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, was born on 26 September 1833 at home at 31 Bacchus Walk, Hoxton, London, the eldest of seven children born to Charles Bradlaugh, a solicitor's clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Trimby, a former nursemaid. He was baptized at ...

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Donaldson, Frederick Lewis (1860–1953), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 10 September 1860 at 49 Newhall Hill, Ladywood, Birmingham, the second son of Frederick William Donaldson, a master wire drawer, and his wife, Elizabeth Lewis. Educated as a choirboy at ...

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Drummond, Henry (1786–1860), politician and apostle of the Catholic Apostolic church, eldest son of Henry Drummond (1762–1794), banker, of The Grange, near Alresford, Hampshire, and his wife, Anne (d. 1852), daughter of Henry Dundas, first Viscount Melville, was born at Alresford on 5 December 1786. His father died in 1794, and when his mother remarried and went to ...

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Ecclestone, Alan (1904–1992), Church of England clergyman and communist activist, was born on 3 June 1904 at 233 Princes Road, Stoke-on-Trent, the second of the two children of George Henry Ecclestone (1867–1942), a pottery designer, and his wife, Emily Florence, née Heath (1872–1945)...

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Gordon, Lord George (1751–1793), political and religious agitator, was born on 26 December 1751 in Upper Grosvenor Street, London, the third son of Cosmo George Gordon, third duke of Gordon (1720/21–1752), a landowner, and his wife, Lady Catherine Gordon (1718–1779), the daughter of ...

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Grubb, Sir Kenneth George (1900–1980), missionary and public servant, was born on 9 September 1900 in Oxton, Nottinghamshire, the youngest in the family of three sons and one daughter of the rector of the village, Harry Percy Grubb, and his wife, Margaret Adelaide Crichton-Stuart...

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Headlam, Stewart Duckworth (1847–1924), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 12 January 1847 in Wavertree, near Liverpool, the elder son and third of four children of Thomas Duckworth Headlam (1806-1885), an insurance underwriter, and his wife Latitia née Simpson (1822-1869). He was educated at ...

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Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician, was born about 1583 in Criech, Fife, probably in or near the village of Luthrie, since he left 2000 merks to the village school in his will. He was possibly the son of ...

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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James [née Banckes], Elinor [Eleanor] (1644/5–1719), printer and polemicist, was the daughter of Mary Banckes; the name of her father is not known. By a marriage licence dated 27 October 1662, at the age of seventeen, she married Thomas James (c...

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Jebb, John (1736–1786), religious and political reformer, was born on 16 February 1736 at Southampton Street, Covent Garden, London, the eldest son of Dr John Jebb (d. 1787), dean of Cashell, Ireland, and Ann, daughter of Daniel Gansel of Donyland Hall, near ...

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Knightley, Sir Richard (1533–1615), politician and patron of puritans, was the eldest son of Sir Valentine Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Edward Ferrers of Warwickshire. The family fortunes were based on sheep farming, for which the lands on their estates were enclosed, and on the death of his father in 1566 ...

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Loftus, Adam (1533/4–1605), Church of Ireland archbishop of Dublin, was born at Swineside in the parish of Coverham, Yorkshire, the second son of Edward Loftus. His father was bailiff to the abbot of Coverham; Robert Loftus (d. 1606), father of Adam Loftus, ...

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Lygon, Frederick, sixth Earl Beauchamp (1830–1891), Church of England layman and politician, was born on 10 November 1830, the third son of Henry, fourth Earl Beauchamp (1784–1863), and Lady Susan Caroline Eliot (1801–1835), daughter of William, second earl of St Germans.

The Lygon...

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Noel, Conrad Le Despenser Roden (1869–1942), Church of England clergyman and Christian socialist, was born on 12 July 1869 in Kew, London, the eldest son of the Hon. Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel (1834–1894), poet and essayist, and then groom of the privy chamber in the court of ...

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Palmer, Roger, earl of Castlemaine (1634–1705), diplomatist and Roman Catholic apologist, was born on 3 September 1634, the second son of Sir James Palmer (d. 1657), of Dorney Court, Buckinghamshire, being the son of Sir James's second marriage, to Catherine, daughter of ...