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Abell, William (b. c. 1584, d. in or after 1655), vintner and local politician, was the son of Thomas Abell of Oundle, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Suzanna Barker. He was probably born at Oundle, where his grandfather William Abell had endowed Oundle School...

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Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist, was born on 2 February 1864, the sixth daughter and eleventh child of Sir Charles Tennant, first baronet (1823–1906), wealthy Scottish industrialist and Liberal MP, and his first wife, ...

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Aston, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1600–1646), apologist of the Church of England and local politician, was born on 29 September 1600 at Aston near Runcorn, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Aston (d. 1615) and his wife, Maude Needham. The Aston family had a long history of service to the crown and ...

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Brett, Reginald Baliol, second Viscount Esher (1852–1930), courtier, was born on 30 June 1852 at 19 Prince's Terrace, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children of William Baliol Brett, first Viscount Esher (1815–1899), barrister and later master of the rolls, and his wife, ...

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Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli, was born in London on 17 February 1819, the seventh and youngest child of Cecil, first Baron Forester (1767–1828), MP and landowner, and his wife, née Lady Katherine Manners (1779–1829)...

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...

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Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

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Cavendish [née Spencer], Georgiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1806), political hostess, was born in Wimbledon, Surrey, on 7 June 1757, the eldest daughter of John Spencer, first Earl Spencer (1734–1783), and his wife, Margaret Georgiana Spencer (née Poyntz) (1737–1814). Four more siblings followed, of whom two survived: ...

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Cecil [née Hill], Mary Amelia [Emily Mary], marchioness of Salisbury (1750–1835), political hostess and sportswoman, was born and baptized in Dublin on 16 August 1750, the eldest daughter of Wills Hill, second Viscount Hillsborough and successively later first earl of Hillsborough and first marquess of Downshire...

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Cecil, Robert, first earl of Salisbury (1563–1612), politician and courtier, was born on 1 June 1563 at Cecil House, Strand, Westminster, the second surviving child and only son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), statesman, then secretary of state and from 1572 lord treasurer, and his second wife, ...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Cecil, William, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), royal minister, son of Richard Cecil (d. 1553) and Jane, daughter of William Heckington of Bourne, Lincolnshire, and grandson of David Cecil, was born on 18 September 1520 or 1521. David Cecil, a member of a minor gentry family on the Welsh border, joined ...

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Christian, William [called Illiam Dhône] (1608–1663), political leader in the Isle of Man, was born on 14 April 1608, the fifth of the seven children of Ewan Christian (1579–1655) of Milntown, Lezayre, one of the island's two deemsters or judges, and his wife, a member of the ...

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Churchill, Clementine Ogilvy Spencer- [née Clementine Ogilvy Hozier], Baroness Spencer-Churchill (1885–1977), political wife, was born at 75 Grosvenor Street, London, on 1 April 1885, and was assumed to be the second among the four children (three daughters, one son) of Colonel Henry Montague Hozier (1838–1907)...

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Churchill [née Jenyns], Sarah, duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744), politician and courtier, was born on 5 June 1660, probably at Holywell, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the fourth and youngest daughter of Richard Jenyns (c.1618–1668), whose name is often spelt Jennings by later writers, and his wife, ...

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Disraeli [née Evans; other married name Lewis], Mary Anne, Viscountess Beaconsfield (1792–1872), political wife, was born in Exeter on 11 November 1792, the second surviving child and only daughter of John Evans (1760–1794), naval lieutenant, and his wife, Eleanor Viney (d...

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Dudley, Ambrose, earl of Warwick (c. 1530–1590), magnate, was the fourth son of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland (1504–1553), royal minister, and his wife, Jane Dudley (1508/9–1555) [see under Dudley, John, duke of Northumberland], noblewoman, daughter of Sir Edward Guildford of ...

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Fitzgerald [née Lennox; other married name Ogilvie], Emilia Mary [Emily], duchess of Leinster (1731–1814), political hostess, was born on 6 October 1731, the second of the seven surviving children of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond and Lennox (1701–1750), and his wife, ...

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Fortescue, Frances Elizabeth Anne Parkinson- [née Frances Elizabeth Anne Braham; other married name Frances Elizabeth Anne Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave] (1821–1879), political hostess, was born on 4 January 1821 at 3 Tavistock Square, London, the third child and eldest daughter of John Braham (1777?–1856)...