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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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Armstrong, William George, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900), armaments manufacturer and industrialist, was born on 26 November 1810 at 9 Pleasant Row, Shieldfield, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second child and only son of William Armstrong (1778–1857), corn merchant and local politician, of Tyneside...

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957), steel maker and industrialist, was, by his own account, born in London on 9 January 1873. For some years his parentage was a mystery. He went to Sheffield in 1882 as an ‘orphan’ with Mary Fraser (1847–1906)...

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Boulton, Matthew (1728–1809), manufacturer and entrepreneur, was born on 14 September 1728 at New Hall Walk, Snow Hill, Birmingham, one of four children, three of whom survived to adulthood, of Matthew Boulton (d. 1759), toy manufacturer and merchant, and his wife, Christiana Piers (...

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Chamberlain, Joseph [Joe] (1836–1914), industrialist and politician, was born on 8 July 1836 at 3 Grove Hill Terrace, Camberwell, Surrey, the first of the nine children of Joseph Chamberlain (1796–1874), cordwainer and metal manufacturer, and his wife, Caroline (1808–1875), daughter of Henry Harben...

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Courtauld, Samuel (1876–1947), industrialist and patron of the arts, was born at Bocking, Essex, on 7 May 1876, the second son of Sydney Courtauld, a silk manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Lucy, the daughter of William Sharp. The Courtaulds had arrived in England...

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Cross, John Kynaston (1832–1887), industrialist and politician, was born on 13 October 1832 in Bolton, the eldest son of John Cross, cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Richard Kynaston, another Bolton mill owner. He was educated privately, and on 3 June 1858 married ...

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Deacon, Henry (1822–1876), chemist and manufacturer, was born on 30 July 1822 in London, the elder son of Henry Deacon, merchant, and his wife and cousin, Esther Deacon. The Deacons belonged to the Sandemanian church, whose most famous member, Michael Faraday, took an interest in their son. When he was fourteen ...

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Dillwyn, Lewis Llewelyn (1814–1892), industrialist and politician, was born on 19 May 1814 at The Willows, Swansea, the fourth of the six children of Lewis Weston Dillwyn (1778–1855), botanist and MP, and his wife, Mary Adams (1776–1865), natural daughter of John Llewelyn of ...

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Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

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G. K. S. Hamilton-Edwards

revised by Geoffrey Jones

Du Cros, Sir Arthur Philip, first baronet (1871–1955), industrialist, was born in Dublin on 26 January 1871, the third of seven sons of (William) Harvey Du Cros (1846–1918) and his first wife, Annie Jane (d. 1899), daughter of James Roy, a small landowner and farmer of ...

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Edwards, Sir George Robert (1908–2003), aircraft designer and industrialist, was born on 9 July 1908 at 12 The Parade, Highams Park, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of Edwin George Edwards (1872–1938), a tobacconist and confectioner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (1872–1908), daughter of Robert Freeman...

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Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

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Furness, Christopher, first Baron Furness (1852–1912), shipowner and industrialist, was born on 23 April 1852 at West Hartlepool, the seventh son of John Furness (1808–1885), provision merchant, and his wife, Averill, daughter of John Wilson of Naisbet Hall, co. Durham. John Furness worked as a coal trimmer on the local railway line until 1850 when he founded a grocery and provisioning business in ...

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Hope, Sir James, of Hopetoun, appointed Lord Hopetoun under the protectorate (1614–1661), industrialist and political radical, was born on 4 July 1614, the youngest of six sons (of whom four survived to adulthood) of Sir Thomas Hope of Craighall, lord advocate (1573–1646), and ...

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Lowther, Sir John, second baronet (bap. 1642, d. 1706), politician and industrialist, was born in Whitehaven in the parish of St Bees and baptized on 20 November 1642, the son (there was also a daughter) of Sir Christopher Lowther, first baronet (1611–1644), and his wife, ...

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...