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Barton, Sir Edmund (1849–1920), prime minister of Australia, was born at Glebe, Sydney, New South Wales, on 18 January 1849, youngest son of William Barton, Australia's first stockbroker, and his wife, Mary Louisa (née Whydah), a schoolteacher. Known familiarly as Toby, he was educated at ...

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Bent, Sir Thomas (1838–1909), premier of Victoria, Australia, born at Penrith in New South Wales on 7 December 1838, was the eldest child of five sons and three daughters of James and Maria (née Toomey) Bent. His father had been transported for housebreaking; his mother was a free immigrant from ...

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Berry, Sir Graham (1822–1904), politician in Australia, was born at Twickenham, England, on 28 August 1822 to Benjamin Berry, a retired shopkeeper, and his wife, Clara, née Graham. After basic schooling, he was apprenticed to a draper; in 1846 he married the Scottish ...

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Casey, Richard Gavin Gardiner, Baron Casey (1890–1976), politician in Australia and diplomatist, was born on 29 August 1890 in George Street, Brisbane, Queensland, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Richard Gardiner Casey (1846–1919), a pastoralist with mining interests, of Brisbane, and his wife, ...

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Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919), prime minister of Australia, was born on 3 August 1856 at 90 George Street, Fitzroy, Melbourne, the younger child of William Deakin (1819–1892), business manager, of Towcester, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Sarah, née Bill (1822–1908), of Llannarth, Cardiganshire. Deakin's parents were married in October 1849 and left ...

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Forrest, John, first Baron Forrest (1847–1918), explorer and politician in Australia, third son of the ten children born to William Forrest (1819–1899), farmer and millwright, of Preston Point, near Bunbury, Western Australia (who had migrated from Stonehaven, Kincardineshire), and his wife, Margaret Guthrie (1821–1895)...

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Griffith, Sir Samuel Walker (1845–1920), lawyer and politician in Australia, was born on 21 June 1845 at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the second son of the Revd Edward Griffith (1819–1891), Congregational minister, and his wife, Mary Walker (d. 1892). Griffith's father then held ministries at ...

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Higinbotham, George (1826–1892), politician and judge in Australia, was the sixth son of Henry T. Higinbotham, a merchant of Dublin, whose family had left Holland with William III, and Sarah, the daughter of Joseph Wilson, a United States citizen of Scottish descent, formerly American consul in ...

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Lini, Walter Hadye (1942–1999), chief minister of the New Hebrides and prime minister of Vanuatu, was born at Agatoa village on the island of Pentecost, New Hebrides, and came from a line of chiefs on both his father's and mother's sides. His parents were Anglicans and his father was known for his skill as a carpenter and for the importance he placed on educating his children. ...

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Parkes, Sir Henry (1815–1896), politician and journalist in Australia, was born on 27 May 1815 at Motthouse, Canley Hamlet, Warwickshire, the youngest of the six children of Thomas Parkes (b. 1773), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Martha, née Faulconbridge (d...

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Pearson, Charles Henry (1830–1894), politician in Australia and writer, was born on 7 September 1830 in the principal's house, Church Missionary Institution, Islington, London, the fourth son and the tenth child of the Revd John Norman Pearson (1787–1865) and his wife, Harriet, daughter of ...

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Ryrie, Sir Granville de Laune (1865–1937), army officer and politician in Australia, was born on the sheep station of Micalago, Michelago, New South Wales, on 1 July 1865, the fourth of the nine children of Alexander Ryrie (1827–1909), a grazier and later a member of the legislative council, and his wife, ...

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Stephen, Sir Alfred (1802–1894), judge and politician in Australia, was born on 20 August 1802 at Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies, the fourth son of the ten children of John Stephen (1771–1834) and his wife, Mary Anne, née Pasmore (1774?–1863). His father, the youngest brother of ...

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Wentworth, William Charles (1790–1872), politician and landowner in Australia, was born on 13 August 1790 on board the Surprize, in harbour at Cascade Bay, Norfolk Island, Pacific Ocean, eldest son of D'Arcy Wentworth (1762–1827), a surgeon from Portadown, co. Armagh, and his mistress, ...