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Arbuthnot [Arbuthnott], John (bap. 1667, d. 1735), physician and satirist, was baptized on 29 April 1667 at Arbuthnott, Kincardineshire, on the north-east Scottish coast, near Stonehaven, the eldest son of Alexander Arbuthnott (c.1636–1691), minister of Arbuthnott, and Margaret, daughter of John Lammie (or Lamy)...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Barkly, Sir Henry (1815–1898), colonial governor, was born on 24 February 1815 at Highbury, Middlesex, the only surviving son of Aeneas Barkly (1768–1836), formerly of Kirkton Farm, Cromarty, Scotland, and his wife, Susannah Louisa, née ffrith, the orphan daughter of a Jamaican planter. He was educated at ...

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Borden, Sir Robert Laird (1854–1937), lawyer and prime minister of Canada, was born in Grand Pré, in the Annapolis valley, Nova Scotia, on 26 June 1854, the eldest son of Andrew Borden (1816–1900), a farmer and railway station master, and his wife, Eunice Jane (...

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Buchanan, Claudius (1766–1815), East India Company chaplain, was born on 12 March 1766 at Cambuslang, a village near Glasgow, the second son of Alexander Buchanan (d. 1788), schoolmaster at Inveraray, Argyll, and his wife, the daughter of Claudius Somers. He commenced his education at ...

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Burnet, Gilbert (1643–1715), bishop of Salisbury and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 18 September 1643, the youngest child of Robert Burnet (d. 1661), a judge of the court of session as Lord Crimond, and Rachel Johnston, sister of Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston...

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Butler, Joseph (1692–1752), moral philosopher and theologian, was born on 18 May 1692 in Wantage, Berkshire. He was the youngest among the eight children of Thomas Butler (d. 1731), variously described as a prominent cloth merchant or linen draper in the town and as '...

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Cadell, Thomas, the elder (1742–1802), bookseller, was born in Bristol and baptized on 12 November 1742, the son of William Cadell and his wife, Mary. On 7 March 1758 he was apprenticed by his father to the eminent London bookseller and publisher Andrew Millar...

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Campbell, John, first Baron Campbell of St Andrews (1779–1861), lord chancellor, was born on 15 September 1779 next to the Bell Inn in Cupar, Fife, where his father, George (1747–1824), was a minister of the Church of Scotland for fifty-one years. His mother, ...

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Campbell [née Bellenden], Mary, of Mamore (bap. 1685, d. 1736), courtier, was baptized in Edinburgh on 4 May 1685, the third daughter of John Bellenden (formerly Ker), second Lord Bellenden (c.1660–1706), and Mary, dowager countess of Dalhousie (c.1669–1726)...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Cavendish [née Bruce], Christian [Christiana], countess of Devonshire (1595–1675), royalist noblewoman, was born on 25 December 1595, the daughter of Edward Bruce, first Lord Bruce of Kinloss (1548/9–1611), master of the rolls, and his wife, Magdalen Clerk, daughter of Alexander Clerk of ...

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Chalmers, Alexander (1759–1834), biographer and literary editor, was born on 29 March 1759 in Aberdeen and baptized that day at St Nicholas's in the city, the youngest son of James Chalmers (bap. 1713, d. 1764), printer and publisher [see under Chalmers family (per. 1736-1876)...

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...

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Cunningham, William (1849–1919), economic historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 29 December 1849 at 50 Queen Street, Edinburgh, the second of three children born to James Cunningham, a lawyer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Boyle Dunlop, youngest daughter of Alexander Dunlop...

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Davidson, Randall Thomas, Baron Davidson of Lambeth (1848–1930), archbishop of Canterbury, was born at 15 Inverleith Place, Edinburgh, on 7 April 1848, of pure Scottish blood. He was the eldest son of Henry Davidson (1810–1889), timber merchant of Leith, and his wife, Henrietta (...

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Edwards, Vero Copner Wynne- (1906–1997), zoologist, was born on 4 July 1906 in Leeds, the fifth of the six children of the Revd Canon John Rosindale Wynne-Edwards, headmaster of Leeds grammar school, and his wife, Lilian Agnes, née Streatfeild. His love of natural history was fostered early on by his childhood at ...