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Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert Bentwich (1856–1932) and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and sister of ...

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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Cahill, Joseph [Joe] (1920–2004), Irish republican activist, was born on 19 May 1920 at 60 Divis Street, Belfast, the eldest son and first of the eleven children of Joseph Cahill, printer, and his wife, Josephine, née Mulholland. A Roman Catholic, he attended St Mary's Christian Brothers School...

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G. C. Boase

revised by R. V. Comerford

Carey, James (1837–1883), Fenian and informer, was the son of Francis Carey, a bricklayer, who migrated from Celbridge, co. Kildare, to Dublin. There his wife (whose name is not known) kept a lodging-house in James Street, where James was born to them. He had at least one brother. ...

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Casement, Roger David (1864–1916), diplomatist and Irish rebel, was born on 1 September 1864 at Doyle's Cottage, Lawson Terrace, Sandymount, near Dublin, the youngest son of Captain Roger Casement (1819–1877) of the 3rd dragoon guards. His father was of Ulster protestant stock and his mother, ...

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Collins, Michael (1890–1922), Irish revolutionary and chairman of the provisional government of the Irish Free State, was born on 16 October 1890 at Woodfield, co. Cork, the third son and youngest of eight children of Michael John Collins (1815–1896) and Mary Anne O'Brien (1855–1907)...

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Davitt, Michael (1846–1906), Irish nationalist, was born in Straide, co. Mayo, on 25 March 1846, the second child of Martin Davitt and his wife, Catherine. Both parents were of peasant origins, but Davitt's father received a good early education and spoke English and Irish. The family survived the great famine of 1846–9, but emerged impoverished and in arrears of rent. They were evicted in 1850, ...

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Devoy, John (1842–1928), Irish nationalist, was born on 3 September 1842, at Kill, co. Kildare, the son of William Devoy (1807–1880) and Elizabeth Dunne, who were married about 1833 and lived in a cottage on half an acre given by Elizabeth's family. A literate and able man, ...

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Dillon, John (1851–1927), Irish nationalist, was born into the Catholic bourgeoisie in Blackrock, co. Dublin, on 4 September 1851, second son among eight children of the Young Irelander John Blake Dillon (1814–1866) and Adelaide (1828–1872), daughter of William Hart, a Dublin solicitor.

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Dillon, John Blake (1814–1866), Irish nationalist and journalist, was born on 5 May 1814 in Ballaghaderreen, on the borders of Mayo and Roscommon, the fourth of seven children of Luke Dillon (d. 1825), farmer and shopkeeper, and his wife, Anne Blake, of ...

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Dugdale [née Balfour], Blanche Elizabeth Campbell (1880–1948), author and Zionist, was born on 23 May 1880 at 32 Addison Road, Holland Park, London. Generally known as Baffy, she was the eldest of the five children of Eustace James Anthony Balfour (1854–1911), an architect and the youngest brother of the prime minister ...

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Emmet, Robert (1778–1803), Irish nationalist, was the youngest son of Robert Emmet (1729–1802), state physician, and his wife, Elizabeth Mason (1740–1803). He was born in Dublin on 4 March 1778, and baptized in St Peter's Church there on 10 March. There were three other children in the family, two sons and a daughter, ...

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Emmet, Thomas Addis (1764–1827), barrister and Irish nationalist, was born on 24 April 1764 in Cork, the second of the four children of Dr Robert Emmet (1729–1802), state physician, and his wife, Elizabeth Mason (1740–1803). His younger brother was Robert Emmet (1778–1803), fellow United Irishman. The family moved to ...

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Ervine, David Walter (1953–2007), paramilitary and politician, was born on 21 July 1953 at 11 Chamberlain Street, Belfast, the third son and youngest of the five children of Walter Ervine, engineering worker, and his wife, Elizabeth (Dolly), née Tate. As a boy he attended Sunday school at the local Presbyterian church but gradually drifted away from formal religious observance. He was educated at ...

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Fitzgerald, Lord Edward (1763–1798), Irish nationalist and army officer, was born on 15 October 1763 in London, the twelfth of nineteen children of James Fitzgerald, first duke of Leinster (1722–1773), and his wife, Emily Mary (1731–1814) [see Fitzgerald, Emilia Mary, duchess of Leinster...

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Fitzgerald, Pamela [formerly Anne Caroline Stéphanie Sims; Lady Edward Fitzgerald] (1776?–1831), celebrity and associate of Irish nationalists, was almost certainly the illegitimate daughter of Louis-Philippe Joseph, duc d'Orléans (1747–1793), cousin of Louis XVI of France, and his mistress, (Caroline) Stéphanie Félicité Brulart, ...

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Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun (1653?–1716), Scottish patriot, political theorist, and book collector, was most probably born at Saltoun, in Haddingtonshire; a gap in the parish register between 1647 and 1660 leaves the precise date unknown, but 1653 is supported by a family record, and is more probable than 1655. He was the eldest son of ...

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Gifford [married name Plunkett], Grace Evelyn Mary Vandeleur (1888–1955), artist and Irish nationalist, was born at 8 Temple Villas, Palmerston Road, Rathmines, Dublin, on 4 March 1888, one of the twelve children of Frederick Gifford (d. 1917), a solicitor, and his wife, ...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Gonne, (Edith) Maud (1866–1953), Irish nationalist, was born on 21 December 1866 at Tongham Manor, near Farnham, Surrey, eldest daughter of Captain Thomas Gonne (1835–1886) of the 17th lancers and his wife, Edith Frith Cook (1844–1871), daughter of William Cook, merchant, and Margaretta Cockayne Frith...