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Craggs, James, the elder (bap. 1657, d. 1721), politician and government official, was the eldest son of Anthony Craggs (d. 1680?) of Holbeck, in Wolsingham parish, Durham, and Anne (1628–1672), daughter of the Revd Ferdinando Morecroft, rector of Stanhope in Wardell, Durham...

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Fanshawe, Thomas (c. 1533–1601), exchequer official, was the eldest son of John Fanshawe, a minor landowner of Fanshaw Gate in Derbyshire; his mother was either Mary Rowland or Margaret Eyre. Tradition has him educated at Jesus College, Cambridge. It was probably early in ...

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Fanshawe [Fanshaw], Thomas, first Viscount Fanshawe of Dromore (1596–1665), exchequer official, was the eldest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616) and Elizabeth (1577?–1631), youngest daughter of customer Thomas Smythe, and was born on 16 November 1596. Apparently less brilliant than his father and uncle, or his brother ...

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Graham, George (1801–1888), civil servant, was born at Arthuret, Cumberland, on 13 September 1801, the third son and third of the seven children of Sir James Graham of Netherby, first baronet (1761–1824), and his wife, Lady Catherine Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, seventh earl of Gallway...

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Hoccleve [Occleve], Thomas (c. 1367–1426), poet and clerk, may have derived his name from Hockliffe, Bedfordshire, but nothing is known of his family. The date of his birth can be inferred from his Dialogue with a Friend (c.1420), where he speaks of himself as then aged 'fifty wyntir and three' (...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Johnston, James (1655–1737), politician and government official, was born on 9 September 1655, the younger son of Sir Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston (bap. 1611, d. 1663), and his second wife, Helen, daughter of Alexander Hay, Lord Fosterseat. Following the execution of his father by the Restoration regime in ...

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Lowndes, William (1652–1724), Treasury official, was born at Winslow, Buckinghamshire, on 1 November 1652, the younger son of Robert Lowndes (bap. 1619, d. 1683) and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter Fitzwilliams. Lowndes was descended from an old Cheshire gentry family, a cadet branch of which had established itself at ...

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Montagu, Henry, first earl of Manchester (c. 1564–1642), judge and government official, was born at Boughton, Northamptonshire, the third surviving son of Sir Edward Montagu (c.1532–1602) of Boughton and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1542–1618), daughter of Sir James Harington of ...

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Nicholas, Sir Edward (1593–1669), government official, was born on 4 April 1593 at Winterbourne Earls, Wiltshire, the eldest son of John Nicholas (d. 1644) of Winterbourne Earls and his wife, Susannah Hunton (d. 1658). Nicholas's paternal grandfather had been a Marian exile in ...

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Pepys, Samuel (1633–1703), naval official and diarist, was born at the family home, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, London, on 23 February 1633, the second son of John Pepys (1601–1680), tailor, and his wife, Margaret, née Kite (d. 1667), daughter of a Whitechapel...

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Plowden, Edwin Noel Auguste, Baron Plowden (1907–2001), industrialist and public servant, was born on 6 January 1907 at the Mansion House, Strachur, Argyll, the second of three sons and second of four children of Roger Herbert Plowden (1853–1921), banker and landed proprietor, and his second wife, ...

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Southwell, Sir Robert (1635–1702), diplomat and government official, was born near Kinsale in co. Cork on 31 December 1635, the second but only surviving son and heir of Robert Southwell (bap. 1608, d. 1677) and Helena (1613–1679), daughter of Major Robert Gore, of ...

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Tennant [née Abraham], Margery Mary Edith Josephine Pia [May] (1869–1946), factory inspector, was born on 5 April 1869 in Rathgar, co. Dublin, the only daughter of Dr George Whitley Abraham, lawyer, and his wife, Margaret Curtin.

May Abraham was educated privately, mainly by her father, and never achieved any formal qualification. Although brought up a Roman Catholic, she later joined the ...

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Thomson, George Morgan, Baron Thomson of Monifieth (1921–2008), politician and public servant, was born on 16 January 1921 at 67b Port Street, Stirling, the son of James Thomson, commercial traveller, and his wife, Caroline Reid, née Morgan. His family, of the respectable lower middle class, moved shortly to ...

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Thurloe, John (bap. 1616, d. 1668), government official, was baptized on 12 June 1616, the only son of Thomas Thurloe (bap. 1578, d. 1633), rector of Abbess Roding, Essex, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1637), widow of a Mr Ewer, with whom she had three sons, including the regicide ...

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Tickell, Thomas (1685–1740), poet and government official, was the son of the Revd Richard Tickell (c.1648–1692), rector of Distington, Cumberland, and his wife, Margaret, née Gale (d. 1729). Thomas, who was sixth child and fourth son in a family of eight, was born on 17 December 1685 and baptized on 19 January 1686 at ...

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Trumbull, Sir William (1639–1716), civil lawyer and government official, was born on 12 or 13 August 1639 at Easthampstead Park, Berkshire, the country residence of his father, William Trumbull (1604/5–1678), politician and minor government official, and his mother, Trumbull's first wife, Elizabeth (1619/20–1652)...

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Whitelegge, Sir (Benjamin) Arthur (1852–1933), factory inspector, was born on 17 October 1852 in Manchester, the son of Henry Whitelegge, gentleman, of Tideswell, Derbyshire, and his wife, Ann Mason Carrington, of Carrington Hall, Cheshire. He was educated at Tideswell grammar school and from 1870 at ...

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Williamson, Sir Joseph (1633–1701), government official, was born on 25 July 1633 and baptized in the parish church of Bridekirk, Cumberland, on 4 August 1633. He was the second surviving son of Joseph Williamson (d. 1634), vicar to the parish in 1625, and his wife, ...