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Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), prime minister, was born on 30 May 1757, the fourth child and eldest son of Anthony Addington (1713–1790), physician, and his wife, Mary (d. 1778), daughter and heir of the Revd Haviland John Hiley, headmaster of ...

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Asquith, Herbert Henry, first earl of Oxford and Asquith (1852–1928), prime minister, was born on 12 September 1852 at Croft House, Morley, Yorkshire. He was registered at birth as Herbert Asquith, and was known by that name until he was about forty, being called ...

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Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967), prime minister, was born on 3 January 1883 at Westcott, 18 Portinscale Road, Putney, London, the seventh of the eight children of Henry Attlee (1841–1908), solicitor, and his wife, Ellen (1847–1920), daughter of Thomas Watson of ...

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Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947), prime minister, was born at Lower Park House, Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 3 August 1867, the only child of Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) and his wife, Louisa Macdonald (1845–1925) [[see Baldwin, Louisa], under [Macdonald sisters...

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Bannerman, Sir Henry Campbell- (1836–1908), prime minister, was born at Kelvinside, Glasgow, on 7 September 1836, the second son and the youngest of the six children of Sir James Campbell (1790–1876) and his wife, Janet, née Bannerman (d. 1873). His extra surname was acquired as a condition of inheriting his maternal uncle's estate in 1871. He did not like his 'horrid long name', preferring '...

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Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), prime minister, was born on 14 April 1738, the eldest son of William Bentinck, second duke of Portland (1709–1762), courtier and landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley (1715–1785), the only daughter and heir of the ...

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Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 9 June 1888 at Colebrooke Park, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the eldest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of Sir Arthur Douglas Brooke, fourth baronet (1865–1907), of ...

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Callaghan, Leonard James [Jim], Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912–2005), prime minister, was born at 38 Funtington Road, Copnor, Portsmouth, on 27 March 1912, the only son and younger child of James Callaghan, formerly Garoghan (1877–1921), a sailor who rose to the rank of chief petty officer in the ...

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Canning, George (1770–1827), prime minister and parodist, was born in Marylebone, Middlesex, on 11 April 1770, the son of George Canning (1736–1771) and his wife, Mary Ann Costello (1747?–1827). His parents were both Irish; he described himself as 'an Irishman born in London...

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Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-, third marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903), prime minister, was born at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, on 3 February 1830, the fifth of six children and third of four sons of James Brownlow William Cecil, second marquess of Salisbury (1791–1868), and his first wife, ...

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Chamberlain, (Arthur) Neville (1869–1940), prime minister, was born on 18 March 1869 at Edgbaston, Birmingham, the only son of Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914) and his second wife, Florence (1847–1875), the daughter of Timothy Kenrick of Birmingham. His childhood was by all accounts very happy, although the household in which he grew to maturity was affected by profound sadness. His father's first wife, ...

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Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874–1965), prime minister, was born at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, the family home of the dukes of Marlborough, on 30 November 1874. His father, Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (1849–1895), was the third son of the seventh duke and a descendant of ...

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Clark, James Dawson Chichester-, Baron Moyola (1923–2002), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 12 February 1923 at Moyola Park, near Castledawson, co. Londonderry, the elder son and eldest of three children of Captain James Jackson Lenox Conyngham Chichester-Clark (formerly Clark) (1884–1933)...

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Collins, Michael (1890–1922), Irish revolutionary and chairman of the provisional government of the Irish Free State, was born on 16 October 1890 at Woodfield, co. Cork, the third son and youngest of eight children of Michael John Collins (1815–1896) and Mary Anne O'Brien (1855–1907)...

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Compton, Spencer, earl of Wilmington (c. 1674–1743), prime minister, was the sixth son of James Compton, third earl of Northampton (1622–1681), his third son with his second wife, Mary (d. 1719), the eldest daughter of Baptist Noel, third Viscount Campden. He was educated at ...

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Cosgrave, William Thomas (1880–1965), president of the executive council of the Irish Free State, was born at 174 James Street, Dublin, on 5 June 1880, the second son and second child of Thomas Cosgrave, licensed vintner, of 174 James Street, and his wife, ...

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Craig, James, first Viscount Craigavon (1871–1940), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 8 January 1871 at The Hill, Sydenham, Belfast, one of the sons of James Craig (1828–1900), a whiskey distilling millionaire of Scottish origin. His father was a self-made man who had worked his way up from lowly positions in flour-mills, the linen bleaching business, and ...

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Dewar, Donald Campbell (1937–2000), first minister of Scotland, was born on 21 August 1937 at 194 Renfrew Street, Glasgow, the only child of Dr Alisdair Campbell Dewar, a consultant dermatologist, and his wife, Mary Howat, née Bennett.

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Disraeli, Benjamin, earl of Beaconsfield (1804–1881), prime minister and novelist, was born on 21 December 1804 at 6 King's Road, Bedford Row, London, the eldest son and second of five children of Isaac D'Israeli (1766–1848) and his wife, Maria (1775–1847), daughter of Naphtali...