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Alexander, Du Pre, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839), politician and colonial administrator, was born on 14 December 1777, the only son of James Alexander (1730–1802), first earl of Caledon, of Caledon Castle, co. Tyrone, and his wife, Anne (d. 1777), daughter of ...

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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Anderson, Sir John (1858–1918), civil servant and colonial governor, was born on 23 January 1858 at the Free School, Gartly, Aberdeenshire, the only son among the five children of John Anderson, schoolmaster and later superintendent of the Gordon Mission, Aberdeen, and his wife, ...

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Andros, Sir Edmund (1637–1714), colonial governor, was born in London on 6 December 1637, the third of the eight children of Amias Andros (1610–1674), master of ceremonies to Charles I and seigneur of Sausmarez in Guernsey, and his wife, Elizabeth (1610–1686), daughter of ...

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Aung San (1915–1947), politician in Burma, was born on 13 February 1915 at Natmauk, a small town in the Magwe district of central Burma, the youngest of nine children of U Pha, lawyer, and his wife, Daw Su. A sickly child but a gifted student, he was educated as a novice in a Buddhist monastic school and then at a high school to which he won a government scholarship. He was already interested in politics and adept at public speaking when he went to ...

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Baring, Thomas George, first earl of Northbrook (1826–1904), politician and viceroy of India, was born at 16 Cumberland Street, London, on 22 January 1826, the eldest son of Sir Francis Thornhill Baring, third baronet and later first Baron Northbrook (1796–1866), and his first wife, ...

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Barkly, Sir Henry (1815–1898), colonial governor, was born on 24 February 1815 at Highbury, Middlesex, the only surviving son of Aeneas Barkly (1768–1836), formerly of Kirkton Farm, Cromarty, Scotland, and his wife, Susannah Louisa, née ffrith, the orphan daughter of a Jamaican planter. He was educated at ...

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Barlow, Sir George Hilaro, first baronet (1763–1846), acting governor-general of Bengal, was born on 20 January 1763, the fourth or fifth of five sons of William Barlow (d. 1798), mercer of King Street, Covent Garden, and of Hilaire, née Butcher (d...

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Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

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Bell, Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou (1864–1952), colonial governor and author, was born at Chambery, Savoie, France, on 17 December 1864 in the West Indies, the eldest son of Henri Antoine Joudou, a French subject, and his Scottish wife Martha née Bell (1831-1903...

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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Bernard, Sir Francis, first baronet (1712–1779), colonial governor, was born in July 1712, in Brightwell parish, Berkshire, the son and namesake of Anglican minister Francis Bernard (1660–1715) and his wife, Margery Winlowe (1682–1718). Following the death of his mother he was raised by an uncle. He was educated at ...

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Blackwood, Hariot Georgina Hamilton-Temple-, marchioness of Dufferin and Ava (1843–1936), vicereine of India, was born on 5 February 1843, the eldest child of four sons and three daughters of Archibald Rowan-Hamilton (1818–1860) of Killyleagh Castle, co. Down, in Ireland, and his wife, Catherine Anne (1820–1919)...

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Bligh, William (1754–1817), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Plymouth on 9 September 1754, the only son of Francis Bligh (1721–1780) and his wife, Jane Pearse, née Balsam (d. c.1770). The Bligh family had long resided at Tinten in ...

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Bourdillon, Sir Bernard Henry (1883–1948), colonial governor, was born on 3 December 1883 at Emu Bay, Tasmania, the eldest son of the Revd Bernard Keene Bourdillon (1855–1888), cleric, and Laura Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Townsend of co. Cork. He won scholarships to Tonbridge School...

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Bourke, Richard Southwell, sixth earl of Mayo (1822–1872), viceroy of India, was the eldest son of Robert Bourke (1797–1867), who succeeded his uncle as fifth earl of Mayo in 1849, and his wife, Anne (or Annie) Charlotte Jocelyn (d. 1867). Born in ...

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Bowen, Sir George Ferguson (1821–1899), colonial governor, born in Ireland on 2 November 1821, was the eldest son of Edward Bowen, later rector of Taughboyne, co. Donegal. He was educated at Charterhouse School and as a scholar of Trinity College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 16 June 1840. He was twice president of the ...

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Bruce, James, eighth earl of Elgin and twelfth earl of Kincardine (1811–1863), governor-in-chief of British North America and viceroy of India, was born on 20 July 1811 at Park Lane, London, the first of the eight children of Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin and eleventh earl of Kincardine...

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Bruce, Victor Alexander, ninth earl of Elgin and thirteenth earl of Kincardine (1849–1917), politician and viceroy of India, was the eldest son of James Bruce, eighth earl of Elgin (1811–1863), and his second wife, Lady Mary Louisa Lambton (1819–1898), daughter of the first earl of Durham...