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Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932), harpist, was born around 1854 in Kingstown, St Vincent, the daughter of a merchant, John Audain, later a member of the Executive and Legislative Councils of St Vincent and owner of the Richmond Hill estate, and his black wife, ...

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Bailey, Derek (1930–2005), guitarist and musical theorist, was born on 29 January 1930 in Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the only child of George Edward Bailey (d. 1965), barber, and his wife, Lily, née Wing (d. 1996). His maternal grandfather, Percy Wing...

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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd] (1946–2006), musician and songwriter, was born on 6 January 1946 at 60 Glisson Road, Cambridge, the fourth of five children of Arthur Max Barrett, medical practitioner, and his wife, Winifred Flack, née Heeps. Educated at the Cambridge and County High School for Boys...

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Blech, Harry [formerly Hirsch] (1909–1999), conductor and violinist, was born in the East End of London in June 1909, the son of Henri Blech, provisions merchant and commercial traveller, and his wife, Sophie Stock. Shortly after he was born his father went to ...

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Brainin, Norbert (1923–2005), violinist, was born on 12 March 1923 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Adolf Brainin (d. 1930), furrier, and his wife, Sophie (d. 1938). He was raised in the Jewish faith. Even though his parents must have felt the impact of the economic downturn that brought the country to its financial knees in the early 1920s, he seems to have enjoyed all the trappings of a relatively wealthy central European childhood. Like others from similar backgrounds, he was introduced to music at an early age. As a boy of six he heard the thirteen-year-old ...

Article

W. B. Squire

revised by David J. Golby

Bridgetower, George Augustus Polgreen (1780–1860), violinist, was apparently born on 29 February 1780 (though some authorities give 11 October 1779) at Biała in Poland. He was the son of an African father, who went by the names of John Frederick or Friedrich de August Bridgetower...

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Campoli, Alfredo (1906–1991), violinist, was born on 20 October 1906 in Rome, the son of Romeo Campoli, an orchestral leader and violin professor at the Accademia di Santa Cecilia, and his wife, Elvira, née Celi, an opera singer. From the age of four he was taught the violin by his father, who had him listen to recordings of the Italian baritone singer ...

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Carolan, Turlough [Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin] (1670–1738), harper and composer, was born near Nobber, co. Meath, where his father (identified variously as John and Brian) was probably a small farmer and perhaps also an ironworker. When the young Carolan was in his early teens the family moved to ...

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Caton, Lauderic Rex (1910–1999), guitarist and composer, was born on 31 August 1910 in Arena, Cedros, Trinidad, the fourth son and last among the eight children of Robert Caton, a merchant, and Margaret Caton, a baker. His father, who was of St Lucian descent, left soon after his birth and he was brought up by his mother, a Trinidadian. He learned tonic solfa at school and from the age of ten taught reading, writing, and arithmetic in elementary school. He also learned to play his brother-in-law's guitar and took violin lessons while studying diesel engineering in ...

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Corbett [Corbet], William (bap. 1680?, d. 1748), violinist and composer, was possibly the William Corbett, son of Henry and Sarah, baptized at St Margaret, Westminster, on 18 July 1680. St Margaret's is cited in Corbett's will as his family's parish. The coat of arms depicted in one of his portraits suggests ...

Article

W. B. Squire

revised by David J. Golby

Cramer, Wilhelm (bap. 1746, d. 1799), violinist, was born at Mannheim and baptized on 2 June 1746, the second son of the Mannheim violinist Jakob Cramer (1705–1770). He was a pupil of Johann Stamitz, Christian Cannabich, and Domenicus Basconi. He joined the Mannheim orchestra...

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Crosdill, John (1751/1755–1825), cellist, was born in London, in 1751 or 1755 (sources differ), the son of Richard Crosdill (1698–1790), probably also a cellist; it is believed that some of the activities formerly associated with John may well have been confused with his father's career. Although he was reputed to have been educated at ...

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Crouch, Frederick Nicholls (1808–1896), cellist and composer, was born on 31 July 1808 at Warren Street, Fitzroy Square, London, the son of Frederick William Crouch (c.1783–1844), cellist and author of A Complete Treatise on the Violoncello (1826), and his wife, Anna Maria...

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Dance, William (1755–1840), pianist and violinist, was born in London on 20 December 1755. His grandfather was George Dance (c. 1694–1768), the architect, and his father was George's eldest son, the 'Oxford-educated actor, manager and playwright' James Dance (1721–1774), who 'had assumed the name ...

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Deniz, Francisco Antonio [Frank] (1912–2005), guitarist and bandleader, was born at 9 Christina Street, Cardiff, on 31 July 1912, the eldest of three sons of Antoni (or Antonio) Francisco Deniz, formerly Diniz (1878–c.1931), a donkeyman (engine-room sailor), and his wife, Gertrude Blanch (or Blanche), ...

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Donegan, Anthony James [Lonnie] (1931–2002), singer, was born on 29 April 1931 in Glasgow, the son of a Scot, Peter John Donegan, violinist, and his Irish wife, Mary Josephine, née Deighan. Although his father played with the Royal National Scottish Orchestra, he did not encourage his son's musical abilities as he regarded his own employment as precarious. Seeking more regular employment, the family moved to ...

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Dragonetti, Domenico Carlo Maria (1763–1846), double bass player and composer, was born on 7 April 1763 in the parish of San Gervasio and San Protasio, Venice. Of his parents, Pietro Dragonetti and Cattarina Calegari, little is known, although it is speculated that his father played both the double bass and the guitar and may have been a gondolier. His mother bore at least one other child, ...

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Du Pré, Jacqueline Mary (1945–1987), cellist, was born at 165 Banbury Road, Oxford, on 26 January 1945, the younger daughter and the second of the three children of Derek du Pré, a financial writer and editor, and Iris Maud, née Greep, a pianist and composer of music for children, who taught at the ...

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Entwistle, John Alec (1944–2002), songwriter and guitarist, was born on 9 October 1944 at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Hammersmith, London, the son of Herbert Entwistle, an engineer then serving in the Royal Navy, and his wife, (Queenie) Maud, née Lee, both of 81A Southfield Road, Chiswick, London...