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Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

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Anderson, James (1738–1809), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 17 January 1738 at Long Hermiston near Edinburgh, the son of Andrew Anderson, a local doctor. He attended the village school at Ratho and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was a surgeon on an ...

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Banister [formerly Banester], John (1532/3–1599?), surgeon, was the son of John Banister, apparently 'a minor official in the royal household' (Bindoff, 647), and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Lowth, of Sawtry, Huntingdon. He had a brother, Gabriel, and a sister, ...

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Barnes, Dame (Alice) Josephine Mary Taylor (1912–1999), obstetrician and gynaecologist, was born in Cliff Road, Sheringham, Norfolk, on 18 August 1912, the first of five children of Walter Wharton Barnes, a Methodist minister from Addingham, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Mary, formerly Ibbetson...

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bell, Joseph (1837–1911), surgeon, the son of Benjamin Bell, surgeon, and his wife, Cecilia Craigie, was born on 2 December 1837 at St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and entered the University of Edinburgh at the early age of sixteen; he graduated MD in 1859. He travelled to the continent but was not attracted to stay and study there. ...

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Blake, Dame Louisa Brandreth Aldrich- (1865–1925), surgeon, was born on 15 August 1865, at the rectory, Chingford, Essex, eldest daughter and second of six children of the Revd Frederick James Aldrich-Blake (formerly Aldrich; 1824–1904), rector of Chingford, and his wife, Louisa Blake Morrison (...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Ian R. Whitehead

Bowlby, Sir Anthony Alfred, first baronet (1855–1929), surgeon, was born at Namur, Belgium, on 10 May 1855, the third son of Thomas William Bowlby (1817–1860), who was then in Belgium acting as correspondent of The Times, and his wife, Frances Marion, youngest daughter of ...

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Braid, James (1795–1860), surgeon and hypnotist, son of James Braid and his wife, Anne Suttie, was born on 19 June 1795 at Ryelaw in a detached part of the parish of Portmoak, Kinross, Scotland. His father owned land in Ryelaw and in neighbouring ...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Brookes, William Penny (1809–1895), surgeon and campaigner for the revival of the Olympic games, was born on 13 August 1809 at 4 Wilmore Street, Much Wenlock, Shropshire, the first of the five children of William Brookes (1776–1830), doctor, and his wife, Mary Doughty (1786–1869)...

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Brydon, William (1811–1873), army surgeon, was born in London on 10 October 1811, the second son and second of the eight children of William Brydon (c.1761–1843), merchant, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Comberbach (1783–1841). On his father's side he was descended from a Scottish border family, one member of which had distinguished himself as provost of ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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Cheyne, Sir (William) Watson, first baronet (1852–1932), bacteriologist and surgeon, was born at sea, off Hobart Town, Tasmania, on 14 December 1852, the only child of Andrew Cheyne (d. 1867), of Ollaberry, Shetland, captain in the merchant navy, and his wife, Eliza (...