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Black, Sir James Whyte (1924–2010), pharmacologist, was born on 14 June 1924 at Thirlwall, Sheepburn Road, Uddingston, Lanarkshire, the fourth of five sons of Walter Black, miner, and his wife, Catherine Reid, née Whyte. His father subsequently qualified as a mining engineer and became a colliery manager in ...

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Bülbring, Edith (1903–1990), pharmacologist and physiologist, was born on 27 December 1903 in Bonn, Germany, the youngest of four children and third daughter of Karl Daniel Bülbring, professor of English at Bonn University, and his wife, Hortense Leonore Kann, a Dutch woman, daughter of a Jewish banker's family in ...

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Coffin, Albert Isaiah (1790/91–1866), medical botanist, claimed to have been born in Ohio, USA, in 1798, but his death certificate suggests 1790 or 1791. Coffin's early life is obscure. According to his own account he received some formal medical instruction at an early age but had to withdraw from study because of an illness which orthodox physicians failed to cure. He recovered after being treated by a Native American woman who had called at his home. ...

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J. A. Gunn

revised by M. P. Earles

Cushny, Arthur Robertson (1866–1926), pharmacologist, was born at Speymouth, Moray, on 6 March 1866, the fourth son of the Revd John Cushny, minister of the established church successively at Fochabers, Speymouth, and Huntly, and his wife, Catherine Ogilvie, daughter of Alexander Brown, procurator fiscal of ...

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Dale, Sir Henry Hallett (1875–1968), physiologist and pharmacologist, was born at 5 Devonshire Street, Islington, London on 9 June 1875, the third son and third of the seven children of Charles James Dale (b. 1842), manager of a pottery manufacturing firm, and his wife, ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by Juanita Burnby

Dale, Samuel (bap. 1659, d. 1739), apothecary and physician, son of North Dale (bap. 1618), silk-thrower, and his wife, Christian, was baptized on 15 August 1659 at St Olave's, Hart Street, London. Dale was apprenticed for eight years to Thomas Wells, a ...

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Field, Henry (1755–1837), apothecary, was born on 29 September 1755 at Woodford, Essex, the first-born of eleven children (two of whom died in infancy) of John Field (1718/19–1796), apothecary and founder in 1765 of the London Annuity Society for the Benefit of Widows of Members...

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Fleming, Sir Alexander (1881–1955), bacteriologist and discoverer of penicillin, was born on 6 August 1881, the third of the four children of Hugh Fleming (d. 1888), farmer, of Lochfield, in the parish of Loudoun near Darvel, in Ayrshire, from his second marriage, to ...

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Fraser, Sir Thomas Richard (1841–1920), pharmacologist, born in Calcutta on 5 February 1841, was the second son of John Richard Fraser, Indian civil servant, and his wife, Mary Palmer Fraser. He was educated at various Scottish public schools before entering the University of Edinburgh...

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Glyn, Sir Richard, first baronet (bap. 1711, d. 1773), drysalter and banker, was baptized on 13 June 1711 at the church of St Andrew, Holborn, London, the second son of Robert Glyn (1673–1746), an oilman and drysalter of Hatton Garden, London, and his wife, ...

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Hanbury, Daniel (1825–1875), pharmacologist, was born on 11 September 1825 at Bedford Lane, Clapham, Surrey, the elder son of Daniel Bell Hanbury (1784–1882), and his wife, Rachel, née Chrisby. His father was a partner in Allen and Hanbury's, an old-established Quaker chemist and druggist, situated at ...

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Holloway, Thomas (1800–1883), manufacturer of patent medicines and philanthropist, was born on 22 September 1800 at Devonport, the eldest of six children and elder of two sons of Thomas Holloway (d. 1836), a baker formerly in the Royal Navy, and his wife, ...

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Hooper (married name: Higgon), Elsie Seville (1879–1969), pharmacist, was born at 174 Amhurst Road, West Hackney, London, on 5 September 1879, the third daughter among the five children of Elizabeth Hooper, née Mack (1843–1921) and her husband, Cleeve Hooper...

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Jack, Sir David (1924–2011), pharmacologist, was born on 22 February 1924 at 42 Commercial Street, Markinch, Fife, the youngest of six children of Andrew Jack, a coal miner who in later life became a gardener because of ill health caused by working in the mines, and his wife, ...

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Kosterlitz, Hans Walter (1903–1996), pharmacologist, was born on 27 April 1903 in Berlin, the son of Bernhard Kosterlitz, medical practitioner, and his wife, Selma, née Lepman. Both Kosterlitz and his brother followed their father into medicine. Kosterlitz was educated at the universities of ...

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Morley, Henry (1822–1894), apothecary, journalist, and literary scholar, was born at 100 Hatton Garden, London, on 15 September 1822, the younger of the two sons of Henry Morley (1793–1877), a member of the Society of Apothecaries, and his wife, Anne Jane Hicks (...

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Paton, Sir William Drummond MacDonald (1917–1993), pharmacologist, was born on 5 May 1917 in Hendon, Middlesex, the third son in a family of four sons and two daughters of William Paton (1886–1943), Presbyterian minister and secretary of the International Missionary Council, and his wife, ...

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Pereira, Jonathan (1804–1853), pharmacologist and physician, was born on 22 May 1804 in Shoreditch, London, the son of Daniel Lopes Pereira, a Lloyd's underwriter of Portuguese-Jewish extraction. He acquired the rudiments of education at one of the small schools in Shoreditch and from the age of ten attended a ‘classical academy’ in ...

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Vane, Sir John Robert (1927–2004), pharmacologist, was born on 29 March 1927 at Ivydene, Hollywood Lane, Wythall, Worcestershire, the third child of Maurice Vane, builder, and his wife, Frances Florence, née Fisher. His father was the son of Russian immigrants while his mother was from a ...

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Ward, Joshua (1684/5–1761), medical practitioner and inventor of medicines, was the son of William Ward, owner of an alum works, of Guisborough, Cleveland. He had at least two brothers, one being the wealthy and dishonest businessman and MP John Ward of Hackney (...