Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist, was born on 7 June 1896 in London, the elder child and only son of Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), pathologist, and his wife, Phyllis Mary, daughter of John Hamer, publisher. He was educated as a day boy at ...
Brown, Fred (1925–2004), virologist, was born on 31 January 1925 at 80 Blackburn Road, Clayton-le-Moors, near Accrington, Lancashire, the younger son of Fred Brown (father and son were named Fred not Frederick), a French polisher and a veteran of the Somme, and his wife, ...
S. R. Christophers
revised by Helen J. Power
Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...
Pauline M. H. Mazumdar
Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (1899–1985), virologist and immunologist, was born on 3 September 1899 in Traralgon, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, the second of seven children of Frank Burnet (b. 1856), a banker of Scottish descent, and Hadassah Pollock Mackay (b. 1872), the daughter of a schoolteacher who had also emigrated from ...
Claire E. J. Herrick
Cheyne, Sir (William) Watson, first baronet (1852–1932), bacteriologist and surgeon, was born at sea, off Hobart Town, Tasmania, on 14 December 1852, the only child of Andrew Cheyne (d. 1867), of Ollaberry, Shetland, captain in the merchant navy, and his wife, Eliza (...
Fleming, Sir Alexander (1881–1955), bacteriologist and discoverer of penicillin, was born on 6 August 1881, the third of the four children of Hugh Fleming (d. 1888), farmer, of Lochfield, in the parish of Loudoun near Darvel, in Ayrshire, from his second marriage, to ...
R. G. Macfarlane
revised by E. P. Abraham
Florey, Howard Walter, Baron Florey (1898–1968), experimental pathologist and bacteriologist, was born in Adelaide, Australia, on 24 September 1898, the youngest child and only son of Joseph Florey (d. 1918), an Oxfordshire shoemaker who had emigrated in 1885, and his second wife, ...
James S. Porterfield
Harris, Sir Charles Herbert Stuart- (1909–1996), virologist, was born at 1 High Street, King's Heath, King's Norton, Birmingham, on 12 July 1909, the son of Charles Herbert Harris (d. 1913), a general practitioner, and his wife, Helen, née Parsons; the hyphen between ...
C. H. Andrewes
revised by Mark Jackson
Isaacs, Alick (1921–1967), virologist, was born in Glasgow on 17 July 1921, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Louis Isaacs, shopkeeper, of Glasgow, and his wife, Rosine, daughter of Jacob Lion, leather merchant, of London. His brother ...