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Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), morbid anatomist and physician, was born on 27 October 1761 at Shotts manse, Lanarkshire, the second but only surviving son of James Baillie (c.1722–1778) and his wife, Dorothea (c.1721–1806). They had an elder daughter, and also one younger, ...

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Barclay, John (1758–1826), anatomist, was born at Muthill, Perthshire, on 1 December 1758, the son of Lodowick Barclay, a farmer, and Margaret McIlwhannel. John Barclay (1733–1798), founder of the Berean confession in Edinburgh, was his uncle. In 1776 Barclay obtained a bursary in ...

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Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson (1869–1950), bone-setter, was born at Southport on 21 April 1869, the only son of Thomas Wildman Barker, solicitor, who became coroner for south-west Lancashire, and his wife, Agnes Atkinson; both parents died while Barker was a schoolboy. After leaving the grammar school at ...

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Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

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Brookes, Joshua (1761–1833), anatomist, was born on 24 November 1761. Little is known of his early life. He studied anatomy and surgery in London under William Hunter, William Hewson, Andrew Marshall, and John Sheldon, and for a time attended the practice of Portal...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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Combe [Comb], George (1788–1858), phrenologist, was born in Livingstone Yards, Edinburgh, on 21 October 1788, one of the seventeen children of George Comb (d. 1815), a brewer, and Marion Newton (d. 1819), who came from a family of tenant farmers. Combe...

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Cowper [Cooper], William (1666/7–1710), surgeon and anatomist, was the youngest son of Richard Cowper of Petersfield, Hampshire. He was apprenticed in London first to the surgeon William Bignall on 4 April 1681 and afterwards to John Fletcher. Cowper was admitted a freeman of the ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Michael Bevan

Cruikshank, William Cumberland (1745–1800), anatomist, was born in Edinburgh, the son of George Cruikshank, an excise officer. He was educated at Edinburgh and Glasgow universities, and graduated MA at the latter in 1767. Besides taking the divinity course he studied French and Italian to a level at which he was able to teach fellow students, and become a tutor for several notable families. The acquaintance of two medical men, ...

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Goodsir, John (1814–1867), anatomist, was born at Anstruther, Fife, on 20 March 1814, the first of the six children of John Goodsir, medical practitioner, and his wife, Elizabeth Dunbar Taylor. The family was well known in the region: Goodsir's father and grandfather were the leading surgeons in ...

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Grainger, Richard Dugard (1801–1865), anatomist and physiologist, younger son of Edward Grainger, surgeon, was born in Birmingham. He attended the grammar school there and subsequently entered the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich as a cadet. He then trained as a surgeon at St Thomas's Hospital, London...

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Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...

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J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Hewson, William (1739–1774), surgeon and anatomist, one of the eleven children of William Hewson (d. 1767), surgeon, and his wife, whose maiden name was Heron, was born at Hexham, Northumberland, on 14 November 1739. After attending Hexham Royal Free Grammar School, he was apprenticed to his father, and was also pupil to ...

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Hunter, John (1728–1793), surgeon and anatomist, was born during the night of 13 February 1728, the youngest of ten children of John Hunter (1662/3–1741) and his wife, Agnes Paul (c.1685–1751), in the family holding at Long Calderwood in East Kilbride, a small village near ...

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Hunter, William (1718–1783), physician, anatomist, and man-midwife, was born on 23 May 1718 at Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, the seventh of ten children of John Hunter (d. 1741), farmer, and Agnes (d. 1751), a woman of wide education, daughter of ...

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Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

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Monro, Alexander, primus (1697–1767), surgeon and anatomist, was born in London on 8 September 1697, the only surviving son of John Monro (bap. 1670, d. 1740), an army surgeon, and his wife and first cousin, Jean Forbes (d. c.1710), daughter of ...

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Monro, Alexander, secundus (1733–1817), anatomist, was the third son of Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767), professor of medicine and anatomy at Edinburgh University, and Isabella, second daughter of Sir Donald MacDonald bt, of the Isle of Skye. He was born in Edinburgh on 20 May 1733. He and his elder brother ...

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Monro, Alexander, tertius (1773–1859), anatomist, son of Alexander Monro secundus (1733–1817) and his wife, Katherine, daughter of David Inglis, treasurer of the Bank of Scotland, and grandson of Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767), was born at Edinburgh on 5 November 1773. He attended the high school there, and graduated MD from ...