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Balfour, George William (1823–1903), physician and cardiologist, was born at the manse, Sorn, Ayrshire, on 2 June 1823, the eighth of the thirteen children of Lewis Balfour DD and Henrietta Scott Balfour, third daughter of George Smith DD, the minister of Galston who was satirized by ...

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Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626), oculist, whose precise date and place of birth are unknown, was the son of Gabriel Banister. He was one of four brothers, two of whom died early, all apprenticed to surgeons or barber–surgeons. His grandfather was John Banister of ...

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Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

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Briggs, William (c. 1650–1704), physician and oculist, born at Norwich, was the second of the seven sons (there was one daughter) of Elizabeth Aldrige and Augustine Briggs (c.1618–1684). The family was prominent in Norwich; Augustine Briggs served as alderman and mayor, and was MP for the city on four occasions. ...

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Chambers, Helen (1879–1935), pathologist and cancer research worker, was born on 18 July 1879 in Bombay, India, the only daughter of Frederick Chambers, of the Indian Civil Service. Her family returned to Britain and she was educated at the Jersey Ladies' College, and later at ...

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Chan, Michael Chew Koon, Baron Chan (1940–2006), paediatrician, was born on 6 March 1940 in Singapore, the only son of James Chieu Kim (Michael) Chan (1916–1979), a headmaster, and his wife, Rosie (1916–2000). He had a younger sister, Janette. His parents had both been born in ...

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Chisholm, Catherine (1878–1952), paediatrician, was born on 2 January 1878 at 10 Railway Street, Radcliffe, near Manchester, the first of two daughters of Kenneth Mackenzie Chisholm (d. 1902), a general practitioner, and his wife, Mary Thornley, the daughter of a Lancashire mill owner. She was educated at a local private school. Her father, an ...

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Clarke, Edwin Sisterson (1919–1996), medical historian and neurologist, was born on 18 June 1919 at Mona House, Crow Hall Lane, Felling-on-Tyne, co. Durham, son of Joseph Henry Clarke, painter and decorator, and Nellie, daughter of Robert Sisterson, a shopkeeper. Brought up in poverty by his mother, he left ...

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Cleland, William Paton [Bill] (1912–2005), cardiothoracic surgeon, was born on 30 May 1912 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, the only son and third of five children of Sir John Burton Cleland (1878–1971), pathologist and naturalist, and his wife, Dora Isabel, née Paton...

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Collins, Sir William Job (1859–1946), ophthalmic surgeon and politician, was born on 9 May 1859 at 46 Gloucester Road, Regent's Park, London, the eldest of the four children of William Job Collins (1818–1884), surgeon and pharmacist, and his wife, Mary Anne Francisca Treacher (1824–1880)...

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Critchley, Macdonald (1900–1997), neurologist, was born on 2 February 1900 at 4 Lime Tree Villas, Ashley Down, Bristol, the son of Arthur Frank Critchley, gas collector, and his wife, Rosina Matilda, née White. Educated at the Christian Brothers' College, Bristol, he matriculated at fifteen at ...

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Curtis, John Harrison (1778–1860), otologist, was the first child of John Curtis (b. 1755), doctor of medicine, and his wife, Lydia, née Davis. Nothing is known about his early life or education. He was said to be insignificant and short in stature but he was self-reliant and naturally shrewd....

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Eccles, Sir John Carew (1903–1997), neurophysiologist, was born on 27 January 1903 in Melbourne, Australia, the eldest of two children of William James Eccles (1866–1947), schoolteacher, and his wife, Mary, née Carew (1869–1952), also a schoolteacher. Roman Catholic by upbringing, he attended Warrnambool high school, Victoria...

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Elder, Sir (William) Stewart Duke- (1898–1978), ophthalmic surgeon, was born on 22 April 1898 in Dundee, the second of three sons of Neil Stewart Elder of Tealing, a minister of the United Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Isabella, daughter of John Duke...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Anita McConnell

Grant, Roger (d. 1724), oculist, whose origins are unknown, enlisted as a soldier in the German emperor's service, in which he lost an eye. This misfortune he considered to qualify him to treat others with defective sight. He set up in London as an oculist, in ...

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W. N. Goldsmith

revised by Anita McConnell

Gray, Sir Archibald Montague Henry (1880–1967), dermatologist, was born on 1 February 1880 at Ottery St Mary, Devon, the son of Frederick Archibald Gray, a general practitioner, and his wife, Louisa Frances Waterworth; he was the only son and the eldest of four children. He was educated at ...

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Guttmann, Sir Ludwig (1899–1980), neurosurgeon, was born on 3 July 1899 in Tost, Upper Silesia, into a Jewish family, the first born, and the only son, among the four children of Bernhard Guttmann, an innkeeper and distiller, and his wife, Dorothea, daughter of ...

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Haddow, Sir Alexander (1907–1976), experimental pathologist in cancer research, was born on 18 January 1907, at Leven, Fife, Scotland, the elder son of William Haddow (1864–1928), miner, later a landlord of a hostelry, and his wife, Margaret Docherty (1870–1922), the daughter of a hawker and coachman. The family lived in ...

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Hinton, James (1822–1875), otologist and writer on philosophy, second son of John Howard Hinton (1791–1873), Baptist minister, was born at Reading, Berkshire. He was educated by his uncle at a school in Old Butcher Row, Oxford, which was founded by his grandfather, and afterwards at a school for nonconformists at ...

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Horn, Sir Gabriel (1927–2012), neuroscientist, was born on 9 December 1927 at 81 Snow Hill, Birmingham, the youngest of four sons of Abraham Horn (1878/9–1946), tailor, and his wife, Annie, née Grill (d. 1976). His grandparents were Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe...