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C. W. Boyd

revised by Ian Phimister

Beit, Alfred (1853–1906), mining magnate and philanthropist, born at Hamburg on 15 February 1853, was the eldest son of Siegfried and Laura Beit. His father was a merchant belonging to a well-known Hamburg family descended from Portuguese Jews, and Lutheran by religion. Beit...

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Berthoud, Sir Eric Alfred (1900–1989), oil industrialist and diplomatist, was born on 10 December 1900 in Kensington, London, the second son and third child in a family of four sons and two daughters of Alfred Edward Berthoud, of the private merchant bank Coulon, Berthoud & Co....

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Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1621–1680), merchant and mine owner, was born on 1 May 1621 and baptized at Gateshead although his family was based at Hamsterley, 6 miles west of Bishop Auckland in the county palatine of Durham. He was the third son of ...

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Bridgeman, Sir Maurice Richard (1904–1980), oil industrialist, was born at 13 Mansfield Street, Marylebone, London, on 26 January 1904, the third son of William Clive Bridgeman (1864–1935), a Conservative politician who was created Viscount Bridgeman in 1929, and his wife, Caroline Beatrix Bridgeman (1873–1961)...

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Cohen, Sir Robert Waley (1877–1952), oil industrialist, was born in London on 8 September 1877, the second son of Nathaniel Louis Cohen, a leading figure in the City, and his wife, Julia Matilda Cohen (1853–1917), daughter of Jacob Waley (1818–1873). A sister of ...

Article

Egerton, Francis, third duke of Bridgewater (1736–1803), canal promoter and colliery owner, was born on 21 May 1736 and baptized the following month at St James's, Piccadilly, London. He was the youngest of eleven children of Scroop Egerton, first duke of Bridgewater (1681–1745)...

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

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Godber, Frederick, Baron Godber (1888–1976), petroleum executive, was born in London on 6 November 1888, the third son and youngest of the five children of Edward Godber, carpenter, of Camberwell, and his wife, Marion Louise Peach. He attended the local school and left at the age of fifteen, when he joined the ...

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Gormley, Joseph, Baron Gormley (1917–1993), miner and trade unionist, was born on 5 July 1917 at 10 Duke Street in 'very much the rough and tough end' (Gormley, 1) of Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, one of seven children of John Gormley...

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Greenway, Charles, first Baron Greenway (1857–1934), oil industrialist and merchant, was born in Taunton on 13 June 1857, the only son of the three children of John David Greenway, a draper, and his wife, Lucy Emily Wiffen, of Essex. He was educated at ...

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Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis (1869–1955), oil industrialist and benefactor, was born in Scutari, adjacent to Constantinople, in Turkey, on 23 March 1869, one of three sons of Sarkis Gulbenkian (d. 1894), a trader in kerosene and a provincial banker. Although he respected his family, ...

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Lawson, John James [Jack], Baron Lawson (1881–1965), coalminer and politician, was born on 16 October 1881 at Dobson's Buildings, Whitehaven, one of ten children of John James Lawson (d. 1930?), a merchant seaman turned miner, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Savage (...

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Lewis, William Thomas, first Baron Merthyr (1837–1914), mineral agent and colliery owner, was born at Merthyr Tudful on 5 August 1837, the second son of Mary Anne and Thomas William Lewis, engineer at the Plymouth ironworks, Merthyr. He was educated at a well-known local school run by ...

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Lowther, Sir James, fourth baronet (bap. 1673, d. 1755), politician and coal owner, was baptized on 5 August 1673 at St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, the second son and the youngest of the three children of Sir John Lowther, second baronet (bap. 1642, d. 1706)...

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Morewood [née Goodwin], Ellen (bap. 1741, d. 1824), colliery owner and ironstone extractor, was baptized on 1 January 1741 at St Oswald's parish church, Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the elder of two daughters of Richard Goodwin, a gentleman attorney of Mapleton, near Ashbourne. On 20 February 1768 she married ...

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Mott, Sir Basil, first baronet (1859–1938), civil and mining engineer, was born at Leicester on 16 September 1859, the youngest son of Frederick Thompson Mott, wine merchant, of Birstall Hill near Leicester and his first wife, Elizabeth Ann (daughter of Isaac Dobell), who died in 1861. The ...

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Palmer, Sir Charles Mark, first baronet (1822–1907), coal-owner, ironmaster and shipbuilder, was born on 3 November 1822 at King Street, South Shields, the fourth child of seven sons and one daughter of George Palmer (1789–1866), a Tyneside merchant and shipowner, and his wife, ...