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Balfour, Arthur, first Baron Riverdale (1873–1957), steel maker and industrialist, was, by his own account, born in London on 9 January 1873. For some years his parentage was a mystery. He went to Sheffield in 1882 as an ‘orphan’ with Mary Fraser (1847–1906)...

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Bell, Sir (Isaac) Lowthian, first baronet (1816–1904), iron and steel manufacturer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 15 February 1816, the eldest of four sons (out of seven children) of Thomas Bell (1774–1845), chemical and iron manufacturer, and his wife, Catherine, née...

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Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813–1898), steel maker, was born on 19 January 1813 at Charlton, near Hitchin, Hertfordshire, the only son of Anthony and Elizabeth Bessemer (a surname said to have been of Huguenot origin). He had an elder sister. According to Henry Bessemer...

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Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), steelmaker and philanthropist, was born in Moodie Street, Dunfermline, Fife, on 25 November 1835, the eldest of three children of William Carnegie (d. 1855), a damask linen weaver, and his wife, Margaret. After the age of eight he was educated at a Lancastrian school. Other influences on him—aside from his parents' poverty—were his family's nonconformity (his father was a Swedenborgian) and its Chartist sympathies....

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Walter Taplin

revised by Peter L. Payne

Craig, Sir John (1874–1957), steel manufacturer, was born at Clydesdale, New Stevenston, Lanarkshire, on 11 December 1874, the fourth son of Thomas Craig, a furnaceman at David Colville's Dalzell ironworks, Motherwell, and his wife, Elizabeth Wilson. He was educated at Dalziel public school, Motherwell...

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Ellis, Sir William Henry (1860–1945), civil engineer and iron and steel manufacturer, was born at Thurnscoe Hall, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, on 20 August 1860. He was fourth of five sons and one daughter of John Devonshire Ellis (1824–1906), a founding partner of John Brown & Co....

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Haslam, Robert [Bob], Baron Haslam (1923–2002), industrialist, was born on 4 February 1923 at 37 Beech Street, Bolton, the only child of Percy Haslam, who ran a small painting and decorating business with his brother, and his wife, Mary Alice (Cissy), née Bentley...

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...

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McCance, Sir Andrew (1889–1983), steelmaster and metallurgist, was born at 12 Adder Steps, Cadder, Dunbartonshire, on 30 March 1889, the third of four children and younger son of John McCance, a cloth factor, and his wife, Janet Ferguson McGaw. His father subsequently worked for the ...

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Nettlefold, Joseph Henry (1827–1881), screw manufacturer, was born in London on 19 September 1827, the son of John Sutton Nettlefold (1792–1866) and his wife, Martha Chamberlain (1794–1866), both Unitarians. What was to become the future firm of Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds (GKN...

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Vickers, Thomas Edward [Tom] (1833–1915), steel maker and armaments manufacturer, was born on 9 July 1833 in Sheffield, the son of Edward Vickers (1804–1897) and his wife, Anne, née Naylor. His brother, Albert Vickers (1838–1919), was born on 16 September 1838, also in ...