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Jacob M. Price

revised by Leslie Hannah

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer, was the younger son of David Barclay (1682–1769), Quaker merchant, and his second wife, Priscilla, daughter of John Freame, banker, of Lombard Street. David and his brother John became partners in their father's linen and merchant house in ...

Article

Bryant, Wilberforce (1837–1906), match manufacturer, was born in Plymouth on 25 January 1837, the eldest of four sons (there was also a daughter) of William Bryant (1804–1874) and his wife, Elizabeth Carkeet. William Bryant, who had become a Quaker on his marriage, ran a malodorous business making tallow, candles, blacking, sugar, and locomotive lubricants. In 1844 he teamed up with a fellow Quaker, ...

Article

Cadbury, George (1839–1922), confectionery manufacturer and social reformer, was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 19 September 1839, the third son and fourth child of John Cadbury (1801–1889), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Candia (1805–1855), daughter of George Barrow, merchant and shipowner, of ...

Article

Cadbury, Laurence John (1889–1982), chocolate and food manufacturer, was born at Woodbrook, Northfield, King's Norton, Birmingham, on 30 March 1889, the first son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), chocolate and food manufacturer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Mary, née Taylor (1858–1951) [see Cadbury, Dame Elizabeth Mary...

Article

Clark, William Stephens (1839–1925), shoe manufacturer and retailer, was born on 22 February 1839 at Street in Somerset, the third of fourteen children of James C. Clark (1811–1906), rug and shoe manufacturer of Street, and Eleanor, née Stephens (1812–1879), of Bridport. He was educated at ...

Article

Finlayson, James (1772?–1852?), engineer and cotton manufacturer, was probably born on 29 August 1772 in the parish of Penicuik, near Edinburgh. Of his early life in Scotland nothing is known, and it is in St Petersburg in Russia at the end of the eighteenth century that he first makes his appearance, as a master machinist at the ...

Article

Fry, Joseph Storrs (1826–1913), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, was born in Union Street, Bristol, on 6 August 1826, the eldest son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann, daughter of Edward Swaine. Initially educated at home, he went to ...

Article

Howard, Luke (1772–1864), manufacturing chemist and meteorologist, was born on 28 November 1772 in London, one of the several children of Robert Howard (1738–1812) and his wife, Elizabeth Leatham (1742–1816) of Pontefract. His father was a wealthy tin plate manufacturer and the chief agent for introducing the Argand lamp into ...

Article

Lister, Joseph Jackson (1786–1869), wine merchant and microscopist, was born on 11 January 1786 in Lothbury, City of London, the only son of John Lister, a wine merchant, and his wife, Mary Jackson (d. 1808). His parents were members of the Society of Friends...

Article

A. F. Pollard and Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by M. W. Kirby

Pease, Edward (1767–1858), woollen manufacturer and railway promoter, born at Darlington on 31 May 1767, was the eldest son of Joseph Pease, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Richardson. A brother, Joseph (1772–1846), was one of the founders of the Peace Society in 1817, and a supporter of the ...

Article

Reynolds, Richard (1735–1816), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born on 1 November 1735 in Corn Street, Bristol, the only son of Richard Reynolds (d. 1769), iron merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Jane Dunne or Doane. He was the great-grandson of Michael Reynolds...

Article

Reynolds, William (1758–1803), ironmaster and scientist, was born at Ketley, Shropshire, on 14 April 1758, the elder of the two children of Richard Reynolds (1735–1816), ironmaster of Coalbrookdale and Bristol, and his first wife, Hannah (1735–1762), daughter of Abraham Darby (1711–1763). His sister, ...

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Rowntree, Joseph (1836–1925), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, was born at Pavement, York, on 24 May 1836, the son of Joseph Rowntree (1801–1859) and his wife, Sarah, née Stephenson (1807–1888). In 1822 his father had travelled from Scarborough to establish his grocery business, and he became prominent in civic and Quaker affairs in ...