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Alexandrowicz, Charles Henry (1902–1975), international lawyer and historian, was born Karol Aleksandrowicz on 13 October 1902 in Lemberg (Lviv or Lwów) in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, the son of Franciszek Aleksandrowicz (1856–1927), a major-general in the Austro-Hungarian (and after ...

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Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp (1887–1966), jurist and warden of Rhodes House, was born on 7 September 1887 in Carlton, Melbourne, the youngest of the three sons of the Revd William Allen, nonconformist minister, whose own father, a civil engineer, had emigrated from England...

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Amos, Andrew (1791–1860), jurist, was born on 15 July 1791 in Calcutta, the youngest son of James Amos, a wealthy merchant in the service of the East India Company, and Cornelia Francina Bonté, daughter of General Bonté, a Swiss officer in the Dutch service. The ...

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Bell, George Joseph (1770–1843), jurist and legal writer, was born on 26 March 1770 at Fountainbridge near Edinburgh, the third of the four sons of Revd William Bell (1704–1779), a Scottish Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice. His eldest brother, Robert Bell...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Bernard, Mountague (1820–1882), jurist and international lawyer, was descended from a Huguenot family which left France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes and who for several generations owned land at Montego Bay in Jamaica. He was the third son of Charles Bernard...

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Bingham, Thomas Henry [Tom], Baron Bingham of Cornhill (1933–2010), judge, was born on 13 October 1933 at the nursing home, 49 Beaumont Street, Marylebone, London, the younger child and only son of Thomas Henry Bingham (1901–1980), a physician born and brought up in ...

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Bowyer, Sir George, seventh baronet (1811–1883), jurist and politician, was born on 8 October 1811 at Radley Park, near Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest son of Sir George Bowyer, sixth baronet (1783–1860), of Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Anne Hammond, daughter of Captain Sir Andrew Snape Douglas RN...

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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P. W. Duff

revised by Wilfrid E. Rumble

Buckland, William Warwick (1859–1946), jurist, was born on 11 June 1859 at Moor Park, Aller, near Newton Abbot, Devon, the fifth son of Francis Buckland, furniture dealer, and his wife, Sarah Segar (or Mortimer). Buckland, whose twin brother did not survive, was one of ten children. His mother died when he was very young and his father married again, and moved to ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Cameron, Charles Hay (1795–1880), jurist, was born on 11 February 1795, the eldest son of Charles Cameron (1766–1828), a descendant of clan Cameron of Lochiel, partner in Harley, Cameron & Co., bankers, civil commissioner of Malta (1801–2), and governor of the Bahamas (1804–20), and his wife, ...

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Chambers, Sir Robert (1737–1803), jurist and judge, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne on 14 January 1737 and baptized at St Nicholas's Church on 2 February 1737. He was the eldest of the four children of Robert Chambers (1698–1749), an attorney, and his wife, ...

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F. H. Lawson

revised by Peter North

Cheshire, Geoffrey Chevalier (1886–1978), jurist, was born on 27 June 1886 at Hilderstone, Winnington, Hartford, Cheshire, the second son of Walter Christopher Cheshire, solicitor and registrar of Northwich county court, Cheshire, and his wife, Clara Hatt Cook. Educated at Denstone College and Merton College, Oxford...

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Cowen, Sir Zelman (1919–2011), legal scholar, governor-general of Australia, and college head, was born Zelman Cohen on 7 October 1919 in St Kilda, Melbourne, the only son of Bernard Cohen, later Cowen (1892–1975), businessman, and his wife Sara, née Granat (1893–1989). In March 1922 his father changed his surname by deed poll. Both families were part of the mass exodus of Jews from tsarist ...

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Cross, Sir (Alfred) Rupert Neale (1912–1980), jurist, was born at Chelsea, London, on 15 June 1912, the second son and younger child of Arthur George Cross, quantity surveyor, of Hastings, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Dalton. His elder brother, (Arthur) Geoffrey Neale Cross...

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Devlin, Patrick Arthur, Baron Devlin (1905–1992), judge and legal philosopher, was born at Chislehurst, Kent, on 25 November 1905, the eldest of three sons and second of five children of William John Devlin (d. 1932), architect, and his wife, Frances Evelyn (Fanny), ...

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Dicey, Albert Venn (1835–1922), jurist, was the third son of Thomas Edward Dicey (b. 1789), proprietor of the Northampton Mercury, and his wife, Anne Mary, younger daughter of James Stephen, master in chancery, and was born at the family home, Claybrook Hall...

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Dworkin, Ronald Myles (1931–2013), legal and political philosopher, was born on 11 December 1931 in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA, the elder son of David Dworkin (1896–1969), curtain manufacturer, and his wife, Madeline, née Taber (1905–1988), both of Russian Jewish descent, his father an immigrant from ...

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Freund, Sir Otto Kahn- (1900–1979), jurist, was born in Frankfurt am Main on 17 November 1900, the only child of Richard Kahn-Freund, a merchant, and his wife, Carrie Freund. He grew up in a cultured Jewish household and though in religious matters he was agnostic, he himself said that the most important fact in his life had been the awareness of being a Jew. To this he attributed the passion for justice and the concern for the disadvantaged which lay at the root both of his interest in labour law and of his socialist convictions....

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...