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R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

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Abercromby, Sir Ralph, of Tullibody (1734–1801), army officer, was born in October 1734 at Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, and baptized on 26 October at Logie, Perthshire. He was the second but eldest surviving son of George Abercromby (1705–1800), a lawyer by training and a descendant of the ...

Article

E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

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Airey, Richard, Baron Airey (1803–1881), army officer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne in April 1803, the eldest son from the six boys and three girls of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine Talbot (d. 1852), third daughter of ...

Article

Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer, was born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, the illegitimate son of a wealthy Scottish merchant. Almost everything known about him comes from his remarkable autobiography, published in Edinburgh in 1830. After what he recalled as an unhappy childhood marred by physical violence, at the age of eighteen he was sent to work as an overseer on slave plantations in ...

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Alexander, Harold Rupert Leofric George, first Earl Alexander of Tunis (1891–1969), army officer, was born in London on 10 December 1891, the third son of James Alexander, fourth earl of Caledon (1846–1898) and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Graham-Toler (d. 1939), daughter of the ...

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Alison, Sir Archibald, second baronet (1826–1907), army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 21 January 1826, the eldest son of Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867), historian, and his wife, Elizabeth Glencairn (1799–1873), youngest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel William Tytler. In 1835 Possil House...

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Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, first Viscount Allenby of Megiddo (1861–1936), army officer, was born on 23 April 1861, St George's day, on the estate of his mother's family at Brackenhurst Hall, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the second child and eldest son of six children (three boys, three girls) of ...

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Amherst, Jeffrey, first Baron Amherst (1717–1797), army officer, was born on 29 January 1717 at Brooks Place, Riverhead, Kent, the second son of Jeffrey Amherst (d. 1750) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1751), daughter of Thomas Kerrill of Hadlow, Kent. John Amherst...

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Anderson, Sir (Warren) Hastings (1872–1930), army officer, was born at the barracks, Aldershot, on 9 January 1872, the eldest son of Lieutenant-General David Anderson, governor of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst (1886–8), and temporary commander of the Aldershot garrison, and his wife, Charlotte Christina...

Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

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Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, second Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1586–1643) [...

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Asquith, Raymond (1878–1916), scholar and army officer, was born on 6 November 1878 in John Street, Hampstead, the eldest of the five children of Herbert Henry Asquith (1852–1928), later prime minister and first earl of Oxford and Asquith, and his first wife, Helen (...

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Auchinleck, Sir Claude John Eyre (1884–1981), army officer, was born at Aldershot on 21 June 1884, the elder son and eldest of four children of Colonel John Claude Alexander Auchinleck, of the Royal Artillery, who died when Claude was eight, and his wife, ...

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Bagnall, Sir Nigel Thomas (1927–2002), army officer, was born on 10 February 1927 in Bangalore Military Hospital, Bangalore, India, the elder son of Lieutenant-Colonel Harry Stephen Bagnall of the Burma Rifles, who was serving in the headquarters of southern command at the time, and his wife, ...

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Baird, Sir David, first baronet (1757–1829), army officer, was born on 26 December 1757 at Newbyth, Haddingtonshire, the fifth son of William Baird (c.1711–1766), merchant, and Alicia, née Johnstone, of Hiltown, Berwick (d. c.1787). Baird's siblings included five sisters, two older, two younger, and one close in age, and two younger brothers. Within years of his birth the family moved to ...

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Baker, Sir Geoffrey Harding (1912–1980), army officer, was born at Murree, India, on 20 June 1912, the only son and youngest of the five children of Colonel Cecil Norris Baker CIE (1869–1934) and his wife, Ella Mary Hutchinson. His father was in the ...

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Baker, Valentine [called Baker Pasha] (1827–1887), army officer, was born on 1 April 1827 at Enfield, the third son of Samuel Baker (d. 1862), later of Lypiatt Park, Stroud, Gloucestershire, and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Dobson of Enfield...

Article

A. S. Bolton

revised by James Falkner

Barnes, Sir Edward (1776–1838), army officer, of Beech-hill Park, near Barnet, was probably of Irish descent; certainly his uncle's daughters married into a prominent family from Kilmore, co. Armagh. He began his career as an ensign in the 47th regiment on 8 November 1792, became a lieutenant in the ...