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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

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Atkins [formerly Rosenberg], Vera May (1908–2000), intelligence officer, was born in Galatz, Romania, on 15 June 1908, the only daughter and second of the three children of Max Rosenberg (d. 1932), businessman, and his wife, Hilda, née Atkins (d. 1945)...

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Bancroft, Edward (1744–1821), chemist and spy, was born at Westfield, Massachusetts, on 9 January 1744. His tutor was Silas Deane, later a member of the American congress. After a brief apprenticeship to a physician in Connecticut, Bancroft went to sea at the age of eighteen. In 1763 he was in ...

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Beach, Thomas Billis [alias Henri Le Caron] (1841–1894), spy, was born on 26 September 1841 at Colchester, Essex, the second son of the family of thirteen children of John Joseph Billis Beach (d. 1888/9), a Methodist cooper, and his wife, Maria Beach, ...

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Bedloe, William (1650–1680), informer and adventurer, was the second son of Isaac Bedloe (d. 1656). William Bedloe was born in Chepstow on 20 May 1650 and spent his early life both there and in Bristol. Much of his early life was deliberately clouded in obscurity. His own published account of his parentage and ancestry remains dubious. He claimed that his father had been a gentleman soldier who had served the king in the civil wars and whose own father was ...

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit...

Article

Michael Kitson

revised by Miranda Carter

Blunt, Anthony Frederick (1907–1983), art historian and spy, was born at Holy Trinity vicarage, Bournemouth, Hampshire, on 26 September 1907, the third and youngest son (there were no daughters) of the Revd (Arthur) Stanley Vaughan Blunt (1870–1929) and his wife, Hilda Violet (1880–1969)...

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Brooks, Anthony Morris [Tony] (1922–2007), special operations and intelligence officer, was born on 4 April 1922 at The Cottage, Orsett, Essex, the son of Douglas Charles Morris Brooks, construction engineer and businessman, and his wife, Beryl, née Anderson. His father had undertaken secret missions during the First World War, though ...

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Buckmaster, Maurice James (1902–1992), intelligence officer and businessman, was born on 11 January 1902 at Ravenhill, Brereton, Staffordshire, the son of Henry James Buckmaster (c.1857–1943), brewer, and his wife, Eva Matilda, née Nason (b. c.1868). He was educated at ...

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Burgess, Guy Francis de Moncy (1911–1963), spy, was born on 16 April 1911 at 2 Albemarle Villas, Devonport, the elder son of Commander Malcolm Kingsford de Moncy Burgess RN and his wife, Evelyn Mary, daughter of William Gillman, gentleman. Burgess's father died in 1924 and his mother subsequently married ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by R. V. Comerford

Carey, James (1837–1883), Fenian and informer, was the son of Francis Carey, a bricklayer, who migrated from Celbridge, co. Kildare, to Dublin. There his wife (whose name is not known) kept a lodging-house in James Street, where James was born to them. He had at least one brother. ...

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Clutterbuck, Richard Lewis (1917–1998), army officer and counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism expert, was born on 22 November 1917, 'fourteen days after the Communist Revolution in Russia' (Clutterbuck, 3), at 30 West Park, Eltham, London, the son of Major Lewis St John Rawlinson Clutterbuck...

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Cuckney, John Graham, Baron Cuckney (1925–2008), intelligence officer and industrialist, was born on 12 July 1925 in India, the only surviving son of Ernest John Cuckney (1896–1965), Royal Air Force officer, and his wife, Lilian, née Williams (1898–1976). His father was air officer commanding ...

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Cumming, Sir Mansfield George Smith (1859–1923), intelligence officer, was born Mansfield George Smith on 1 April 1859 in India, the youngest in the family of five sons and eight daughters of Colonel John Thomas Smith (1805–1882) of the Royal Engineers, of Föellalt House, Kent...

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Dansey, Sir Claude Edward Marjoribanks (1876–1947), intelligence officer, was born at 14 Cromwell Place, South Kensington, London, on 10 September 1876, the second child and eldest son in the family of four sons and five daughters of Edward Mashiter Dansey, captain and later lieutenant-colonel in the ...

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Denniston, Alexander Guthrie [Alastair] (1881–1961), cryptanalyst and intelligence officer, was born on 1 December 1881 at Greenock, the eldest child of James Denniston, a medical practitioner, and his wife, Agnes Guthrie. He was educated at Bowdon College, Cheshire, and at the universities of ...

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Dukes, Sir Paul (1889–1967), intelligence officer and author, was born on 10 February 1889 at North Field, Bridgwater, the son of Edwin Joshua Dukes, a Congregational minister, and his wife, Edith Mary Pope. Dukes was educated at Caterham School before travelling to St Petersburg...

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Elwell [née Glass], Ann Catherine (1922–1996), intelligence officer and diplomat, was born on 16 June 1922 at 12 Leinster Gardens, Bayswater, London, the only child of Robert Lionel Glass, a general practitioner and former surgeon-lieutenant in the Royal Navy, of 106 Inverness Terrace, Bayswater...

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Ewing, Sir (James) Alfred (1855–1935), engineer and cryptographer, was born on 27 March 1855 at 109 Nethergate, Dundee, the youngest of the three sons of James Ewing (1810–1886), minister of St Andrew's Free Church, Dundee, and his wife, Marjory, eldest daughter of John Ferguson...