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Bownas, Geoffrey (1923–2011), Japanese scholar, was born on 9 February 1923 at 6 Hawthorne Avenue, Yeadon, Yorkshire, the only son of Frederick Bownas (1892–1959), telephone engineer, and his wife, Grace Ethel, née Richardson (1884–1963), teacher and shopkeeper. At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Carey, William (1761–1834), orientalist and missionary, was born on 17 August 1761 at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the five children of Edmund Carey and Elizabeth Wells. His father, originally a weaver, became in 1767 parish clerk and schoolmaster, which gave Carey access to a wide range of books. At the age of about fourteen he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in the hamlet of nearby ...

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Castell, Edmund (bap. 1606, d. 1686), orientalist and lexicographer, was baptized on 4 January 1606 at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the second son of Robert Castell, a man of property and education, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverel, Essex...

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Clarke, Samuel (bap. 1624, d. 1669), orientalist, was born at Brackley in Northamptonshire, where he was baptized at the church of St Peter on 30 July 1624, the son of Thomas Clarke, a glover, and his wife, Alice. He had at least one brother, ...

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Clavering, Robert (1675/6–1747), orientalist and bishop of Peterborough, was the son of Robert Clavering of Bowsden, Northumberland. In 1684–5 Thomas Burrell, the second husband of his great-uncle's widow, left £50 to bind him to a trade. On 18 July 1693 he entered Lincoln College, Oxford...

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Greaves, John (1602–1652), astronomer and orientalist, was probably born at Alresford, Hampshire, the eldest of the four sons of John Greaves (1579–1616), rector of Colmer, a noted schoolmaster, and his wife, Sara (d. 1640). His three brothers also achieved distinction: Nicholas became a fellow of ...

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Jarvis, Claude Scudamore (1879–1953), colonial governor, born at Forest Gate, London, on 20 July 1879, was the son of John Bradford Jarvis, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Mary Harvey. He does not seem to have been educated with any profession in mind, and at the age of seventeen he joined the merchant navy as an apprentice, sailing from ...

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Jones, Sir William (1746–1794), orientalist and judge, was born at Beaufort Buildings, Westminster, on 28 September 1746, the youngest child of William Jones (c. 1675–1749) and Mary Nix (c.1705–1780), the gifted daughter of a cabinet-maker. His father, a distinguished Welsh mathematician and a friend of ...

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Lane, Edward William (1801–1876), orientalist, born on 17 September 1801 at Hereford, was a younger son of Theophilus Lane (1764–1814), prebendary of Hereford, and his wife, Sophia Gardiner, of Bath, a niece of the painter Thomas Gainsborough RA. His sister was Sophia Lane Poole...

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Margoliouth, David Samuel (1858–1940), orientalist, born in London on 17 October 1858, was the only son of Ezekiel Margoliouth and Sarah, née Iglitzki. His father had converted from Judaism to Anglicanism, and thereafter worked in Bethnal Green as a missionary to the Jews; he was a close friend and probably a relation of the Anglican convert ...

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Marsden, William (1754–1836), orientalist and numismatist, was born on 16 November 1754 at Verval, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the tenth of the sixteen children of John Marsden (1715–1801), shipping merchant and banker, and his second wife, Eleanor Bagnall (d. 1804). John Marsden retired from '...

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Pococke, Edward (1604–1691), oriental scholar, was born on 8 November 1604 at Oxford, the eldest child of Edward Pococke (d. 1636), a clergyman originally from Hampshire, and his wife, Hester Shepard, and baptized the same day at St Peter-in-the-East. He spent his infancy at ...

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Tennant, William (1784–1848), scholar of oriental languages and poet, son of Alexander Tennant, merchant and farmer, and Anna Watson, was born in Anstruther, Fife, on 16 May 1784. He lost the use of both feet in childhood, and used crutches throughout his life. After receiving his elementary education at the burgh school in ...

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D. S. Margoliouth

revised by M. J. Mercer

White, Joseph (bap. 1746, d. 1814), orientalist and theologian, was born at Ruscombe, Gloucestershire, and baptized at Stroud on 19 February 1746, the eldest son of Thomas White (1724–1804), a journeyman broadloom weaver, and Elizabeth Harmer (1723–1772). He received his earliest education from his father and in one of the ...

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Wilkins, Sir Charles (bap. 1749, d. 1836), orientalist, born at Frome, Somerset, where he was baptized on 21 June 1749, was the son of Hugh Wilkins and Mary Wray. His mother was niece of the engraver Robert Bateman Wray and of Charles Wray...

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by David W. Savage

Wilson, John (1804–1875), missionary and orientalist, born at Lauder in Berwickshire on 11 December 1804, was the eldest son of Andrew Wilson, for more than forty years a councillor of the burgh of Lauder, and his wife, Janet, eldest daughter of James Hunter...

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Woodroffe, Sir John George (1865–1936), judge and tantric scholar, was born on 15 December 1865, the eldest son of James Tisdall Woodroffe, a lawyer, and his wife, Florence Hume. After completing his schooling in Woburn Park School, Surrey, he studied at University College, Oxford...