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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Anson, George, Baron Anson (1697–1762), naval officer and politician, was born on 23 April 1697 at Colwich, Staffordshire, the second son of William Anson (d. 1720) and his wife, Isabella, daughter and coheir of Charles Carrier of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. As the younger son of a minor country gentleman, ...

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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Bingham, Sir Richard (1527/8–1599), soldier and president of Connacht, was the third son of Robert Bingham of Melcombe-Bingham, Dorset, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Thomas Coker of Mappowder in the same county. His elder brothers were Robert and Christopher; he also had two sisters and five younger brothers, ...

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Bligh, William (1754–1817), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Plymouth on 9 September 1754, the only son of Francis Bligh (1721–1780) and his wife, Jane Pearse, née Balsam (d. c.1770). The Bligh family had long resided at Tinten in ...

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Blount, Charles, eighth Baron Mountjoy and earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), soldier and administrator, was the second son of James Blount, sixth Baron Mountjoy (1532/3–1581), nobleman [see under Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy], and his wife, Catherine (d. 1576), daughter of ...

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Borlase, Sir John (c. 1576–1648), army officer and politician, was born in Cornwall, the eldest son of Edward Borlase of London, mercer, and Suzannah Isham. He matriculated as a pensioner from King's College, Cambridge, about 1591 but did not graduate, being admitted to the ...

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Boscawen, Edward (1711–1761), naval officer and politician, was born on 19 August 1711, the third of five sons of Hugh Boscawen, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, and Charlotte (d. 1754), eldest daughter of Charles Godfrey and his wife, Arabella...

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Burgoyne, John (1723–1792), army officer, politician, and playwright, was born on 4 February 1723 at Park Prospect, Westminster, legally the son of Captain John Burgoyne (d. 1768) and his wife, Anna Maria, daughter of Charles Burneston of Hackney, but possibly fathered by ...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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Butler, Thomas, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), politician and naval officer, was born at Kilkenny Castle on 8 July 1634, the eldest son of James Butler, twelfth earl of Ormond and fifth earl of Ossory, later first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), and his wife, ...

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Cadogan, William, Earl Cadogan (1671/2–1726), army officer and diplomat, was born at Liscarton, co. Meath, the eldest son of Henry Cadogan (d. 1715), barrister, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of Sir Hardress Waller. His grandfather was Major William Cadogan, governor of Trim...

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Capel, Arthur, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 February 1604 at Hadham Hall, Hertfordshire, the only son of Sir Henry Capel (d. 1622) of Hadham Parva and Theodosia, daughter of Sir Edward Montagu...

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Carew, George, earl of Totnes (1555–1629), soldier and administrator, was born on 29 May 1555, the second son of George Carew (1497/8–1583), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1605), daughter of Sir Nicholas Harvey and his second wife, Bridget...

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Carleton, Guy, first Baron Dorchester (1724–1808), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 3 September 1724 at Strabane, the third son of Christopher Carleton of Newry, co. Down, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Henry Ball of co. Donegal. Upon the death of his father, after ...

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Cecil, Thomas, first earl of Exeter (1542–1623), courtier and soldier, was born in Cambridge on 5 May 1542, the eldest son of William Cecil, first Baron Burghley (1520/21–1598), and his first wife, Mary (c.1520–1544), sister of John Cheke. His mother died when he was less than two years old and he never seems to have aroused any affection in his puritanical stepmother, ...

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Churchill, John, first duke of Marlborough (1650–1722), army officer and politician, was born at the manor house of Ashe, near Musbury, Devon, on 26 May 1650 and baptized in the chapel of Ashe House on 2 June, the second, but first surviving, son of ...

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Clive, Robert, first Baron Clive of Plassey (1725–1774), army officer in the East India Company and administrator in India, was born on 29 September 1725 at Styche Hall, Moreton Say, near Market Drayton in Shropshire, the eldest of the thirteen children of Richard Clive (...

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Colborne, John, first Baron Seaton (1778–1863), army officer and colonial governor, younger child of Samuel Colborne (d. 1785), a landowner of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, and his wife, Cordelia Ann (d. 1791), only daughter of John Garstin of Leragh Castle and Ballykerrin, co. Westmeath...