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Bartholomaeus Anglicus (b. before 1203, d. 1272), Franciscan friar and encyclopaedist, is of unknown parentage, and there is no information about his early years. His association with the Suffolk Glanvilles, reported by John Leland, who identifies Bartholomaeus as Bartholomew de Glanville, depends upon a late fourteenth-century colophon in Cambridge, Peterhouse, MS 67. ...

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Baynes, Thomas Spencer (1823–1887), editor of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, was born on 24 March 1823 at Wellington, Somerset, the son of Joseph Baynes (for fifty years minister of Wellington's Baptist congregation) and his wife, Anna Day Ash, a descendant of the lexicographer Dr John Ash...

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Hammerton, Sir John Alexander (1871–1949), author and editor of reference works, was born in Alexandria, Dunbartonshire, on 27 February 1871, the second in a family of two sons and one daughter of James Hammerton (1832/3–1874/5), clog maker of Oldham, and his second wife, ...

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Lee, Sir Sidney (1859–1926), second editor of the Dictionary of National Biography and literary scholar, was born Solomon Lazarus Lee at 12 Keppel Street, Bloomsbury, London, on 5 December 1859, the elder son of Lazarus Lee, merchant, and his wife, Jessie Davis. He had a younger brother and four sisters, of whom the eldest of the family, ...

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Matthew, (Henry) Colin Gray (1941–1999), historian and founding editor of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, was born at 31 Island Bank Road, Inverness, on 15 January 1941, the eldest child of Henry Johnston Scott Matthew (1914–1997), consultant physician, and his wife, Joyce Mary (Maisie) McKendrick (1915–2010)...

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Rees, Abraham (1743–1825), Presbyterian minister and encyclopaedist, was born at the Old Independent Chapel House at Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire, the second son of Lewis Rees (1710–1800), Independent minister, and his wife, Esther Penry. The family moved in 1759, when his father became Independent minister at ...

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Scholes, Percy Alfred (1877–1958), musical writer and encyclopaedist, was born at Headingley, Leeds, on 24 July 1877, the third child of Thomas Scholes, commercial agent, and his wife, Katharine Elizabeth Pugh. Ill health limited his attendance at school (he was a lifelong sufferer from severe bronchitis), but he gave much time to miscellaneous reading and the assiduous study of the elements of music. After a couple of years earning ...

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Stephen, Sir Leslie (1832–1904), author, literary critic, and first editor of the Dictionary of National Biography, was born at his father's house in Kensington Gore, later 42 Hyde Park Gate, London, on 28 November 1832. His grandfather was James Stephen (1758–1832), master in ...