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Alleyn, Edward (1566–1626), actor, theatre entrepreneur, and founder of Dulwich College, was born on 1 September 1566 in the London parish of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, 'near Devonshire House, where now is the sign of the Pye'. He was baptized the following day in the parish church, the son of ...

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Colet, John (1467–1519), dean of St Paul's and founder of St Paul's School, was born in January 1467, as attested by a contemporary document; Erasmus, always vague as to chronology, believed him to have been about thirty, two or three months younger than himself, when they first met in 1499. ...

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Dove, Dame (Jane) Frances (1847–1942), founder of Wycombe Abbey School, was born at Bordeaux, France, on 27 June 1847, the eldest of the ten children of the Revd John Thomas Dove (1821–1906), vicar of Cowbit, Lincolnshire, for more than forty years, and chairman of the ...

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Elmhirst [née Whitney], Dorothy Payne (1887–1968), patron of education and the arts, was born at 1731 I Street, in Washington, DC, United States of America, on 23 January 1887, the fifth and youngest child of William Collins Whitney (1841–1904), statesman and company promoter, and his first wife, ...

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Elphinstone, William (1431–1514), administrator, bishop of Aberdeen, and founder of the University of Aberdeen, was probably born in Glasgow. His father, also named William, was a younger son of Sir William Elphinstone of Pittendreich, Stirlingshire, but by 1430 had embarked upon an ecclesiastical career and had thereby committed his son to the illegitimate state. The ...

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Fettes, Sir William, baronet (1750–1836), benefactor of Fettes College, Edinburgh, born in Canongate, Edinburgh, on 25 June 1750, was the son of William Fettes (d. 1758), merchant there, and Margaret (d. 1782?), daughter of James Rae, surgeon. After attending classes at ...

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Fogerty, Elsie (1865–1945), founder and principal of the Central School of Speech and Drama, was born at Sydenham, London, on 16 December 1865, the daughter of Joseph Fogerty (d. 1899), engineer and architect, of Dublin, and his wife, Hannah Cochrane (d...

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Fox [Foxe], Richard (1447/8–1528), administrator, bishop of Winchester, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was born at Pullocks Manor, Ropsley, near Grantham, Lincolnshire. He gave his age as seventy-nine in April 1527, indicating that he was born in 1447 or 1448.

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Fox, William (1736–1826), founder of the Sunday School Society, was born at Clapton, Gloucestershire, on 14 February 1736, the youngest of the eight children of a tenant farmer on the Clapton Manor estate (d. 1738/9) previously identified as J. or James Fox...

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Hale, Warren Stormes (1791–1872), tallow chandler and benefactor, was born on 2 February 1791 at Benington, Hertfordshire, the youngest of eight children of Edward Hale (1754–1791), farmer, and his wife, Edith, née Warren (1750–1808). Before he was a year old his father died, and in 1805 ...

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G. S. Woods

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Hogg, Quintin (1845–1903), merchant and philanthropist, of Scottish descent, fourteenth child and seventh son of Sir James Weir Hogg, first baronet (1790–1876), East India Company chairman and MP, and his wife, Mary Claudine (d. 26 June 1874), daughter of Samuel Swinton of the ...

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Lawrence, Penelope (1856–1932), a founder of Roedean School, Brighton, with her half-sisters Dorothy Lawrence (1860–1933) and Millicent Lawrence (1863–1925), was the only child of Philip Henry Lawrence (1822–1895), a solicitor and descendant of the nonconformist minister Philip Henry, and his first wife, ...

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Mansbridge, Albert (1876–1952), founder of the Workers' Educational Association, was born in Albert Cottages, India House Lane, Gloucester, on 10 January 1876, the youngest of the four sons of Thomas Mansbridge (d. 1911) and his wife, Frances Thomas (d. 1902). The family, active co-operators and Congregationalists, moved to ...

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Merton, Walter of (c. 1205–1277), administrator, bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, was the son of William Cook (le Kuk, le Keu) of Basingstoke, Hampshire, and in his early years was known as Walter of Basingstoke. His father, who died ...

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Mildmay, Sir Walter (1520/21–1589), administrator and founder of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, was born in 1520 or 1521 (a portrait of him painted in 1574 states his age to be fifty-three), the youngest of five sons of Thomas Mildmay (c.1488/9–1551), a mercer of ...

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Morden, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1623, d. 1708), founder of Morden College, Blackheath, son of George Morden (d. 1624), stocking seller and freeman of the Goldsmiths' Company, and Martha Harris (d. 1623), was baptized at St Bride's, Fleet Street, London, on 13 August 1623. He served an apprenticeship to ...

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Neill, Alexander Sutherland (1883–1973), founder of Summerhill School, was born in Forfar in Scotland on 17 October 1883, the fourth son and fourth of the thirteen children (one of them stillborn) of George Neill (d. 1937), schoolmaster, and his wife, Mary (1854–1934)...

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Nixon, John (bap. 1589, d. 1662), civic leader and school founder, was baptized in February 1589 ('the Wednesday before Shrovetide') in St Giles's Church, Bletchingdon, Oxfordshire. He was apparently the eldest son of William Nixon who in October 1586 had married ...

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Pate, Richard (1516–1588), lawyer and refounder of Cheltenham grammar school, was born on 24 September 1516 and was probably the son of Walter Pate of Cheltenham, a prosperous tradesman who was a baker, butcher, and innkeeper (HoP, Commons, 1558–1603, 3.185; Jones, 90...