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Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar, was born on 24 June 1741 at Coats of Burgie, a small farm in the parish of Rafford, Moray, the youngest child of the large family of John Adam (d. 1758), tenant farmer, and Christian Watson...

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Bentley, Richard (1662–1742), philologist and classical scholar, was born on 27 January 1662 at his maternal grandparents' house at Oulton, Yorkshire, the second child of Thomas Bentley (bap. 1637, d. 1675), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1642, d...

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Blackie, John Stuart (1809–1895), classical and Scottish Gaelic scholar, was born on 28 July 1809 in Charlotte Street, Glasgow, the eldest son of Alexander Blackie (bap. 1780, d. 1856), banker, and Helen (1783–1819), daughter of William Stodart of Hamilton and his wife, ...

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Blake, Katharine Jex- (1860–1951), classical scholar and college head, was born at Rugby School, Rugby, Warwickshire on 18 November 1860, one of nine daughters and two sons of Thomas William Jex-Blake (1832–1915), later headmaster of Rugby School and dean of Wells, and his wife, ...

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Bowra, Sir (Cecil) Maurice (1898–1971), classical scholar and university administrator, was born in Kiukiang, China, on 8 April 1898, the son of Cecil Arthur Verner Bowra (1869–1947), a senior official in the Chinese customs service, and his wife, Ethel, née Lovibond. His childhood was exotic. Chinese servants, carousing Russian soldiers, and the endless prospect of a Japanese invasion made for a colourful upbringing. In later life he admitted that he had been '...

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Bury, John Bagnell (1861–1927), classical scholar and historian, was born in co. Monaghan, Ireland, on 16 October 1861. His father, the Revd Edward John Bury, curate of Monaghan, subsequently rector of Clontibert and canon of Clogher, had married Anna Rogers of Monaghan, '...

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Butler [née Ramsay], Agnata Frances (1867–1931), classical scholar, was born on 28 January 1867 at 13 Upper Seymour Street, Marylebone, London, the third and youngest daughter of Sir James Henry Ramsay, tenth baronet (1832–1925), of Bamff, historian, and his first wife, Elizabeth Mary Charlotte (...

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Campbell, Lewis (1830–1908), classical scholar, was born on 3 September 1830 at Howard Place, Edinburgh, the elder son of Captain Robert Campbell RN, who was related to the Campbells of Kirnan, Argyll, and his wife, Eliza Constantia, eldest daughter of Richard Pryce of ...

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Casaubon, Isaac (1559–1614), classical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born in Geneva on 18 February 1559 ns and baptized two days later, one of the nine children of Arnaud Casaubon (1525–1586), pastor in the Reformed church, and his wife, Jeanne, or Mengine, née...

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Cook, Arthur Bernard (1868–1952), classical scholar and archaeologist, was born in Hampstead, London, on 22 October 1868, the son of William Henry Cook MD (1825–1882) and his wife, Harriet Bickersteth (1830–1918), of a family which produced several noted evangelical figures, including her brother, ...

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Reginald Hackforth

revised by David Gill

Cornford, Francis Macdonald (1874–1943), classical scholar, was born at Eastbourne, Sussex, on 27 February 1874, the second son of the Revd James Cornford (1840–1900), and his wife, Mary Emma Macdonald. He was educated at St Paul's School under F. W. Walker and at ...

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Creech, Thomas (1659–1700), translator and classical scholar, was born in Blandford, Dorset, the only son of Thomas Creech (d. 1720) and his wife, Jane (d. 1693). Creech, who had one sister, Bridget, was educated at the free grammar school in nearby ...

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Dalzel [formerly Dalziel], Andrew (1742–1806), classical scholar and tutor, was born on 6 October 1742 at Gateside of Newliston, a farm where his family had held the tenancy for more than a century, in the parish of Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire. He was the son of ...

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Dawkins, Richard MacGillivray (1871–1955), scholar of classical and modern Greek, was born on 24 October 1871 at Surbiton, Surrey, the eldest child of Richard Dawkins (1828–1896), a captain in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Mary Louisa (d. 1897), the daughter of ...

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Dobree, Peter Paul (1782–1825), classical scholar, was born in Guernsey, the son of William Dobree of Guernsey. He was educated under Dr Richard Valpy at Reading School before matriculating in 1800 at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA as fourth senior optime in 1804. Elected a fellow of ...

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Dodds, Eric Robertson (1893–1979), classical scholar, was born on 26 July 1893 at Church Street, Banbridge, co. Down in Ireland, the son of Robert Dodds (d. 1900) and his wife, Anne Fleming, née Allen. His father's family were northern Presbyterians, descended from Scottish immigrants; his mother's were Anglo-Irish, who had a dubious claim to aristocratic connections, but had intermarried with the natives. His father was the headmaster of ...

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Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), social anthropologist and classical scholar, was born in Blythswood Square, Glasgow, on 1 January 1854, the eldest of the four children of Daniel F. Frazer (1821–1900), leading partner in the long-established firm of chemists Frazer and Green, and his wife, ...

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Gaisford, Thomas (1779–1855), classical scholar and dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was born at Iford Manor in Wiltshire on 22 December 1779. He was the eldest son of John Gaisford, a wealthy clothier of Bradford, Wiltshire, from whom he inherited a valuable house and estate; his mother was ...

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J. M. C. Toynbee and H. D. A. Major

revised by David Gill

Gardner, Ernest Arthur (1862–1939), classical scholar and archaeologist, was born at Clapton, London, on 16 March 1862, the sixth and youngest child of Thomas Gardner, of the stock exchange, and his wife, Ann Pearse. Percy Gardner was his eldest brother and Alice Gardner...

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Harrison, Jane Ellen (1850–1928), classical scholar, was born on 9 September 1850 at Cottingham, near Hull, Yorkshire, the third daughter of Charles Harrison, a timber merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth Hawksley Nelson, who died soon afterwards. Her father was an affectionate but a reserved and absent-minded parent, who entrusted her early education to a series of governesses. One of these, a fervent Welsh revivalist, became her stepmother, and her insistence that the children must be born again and that '...