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E. T. Cook

revised by David Wootton

Allen, George (1832–1907), engraver and publisher, was born on 26 March 1832 at Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, the son of John Allen, a publican, and his wife, Rebecca. He was educated at a private grammar school in Newark, and on his father's death in 1849 he was apprenticed for four years to an uncle (his mother's brother), a builder in ...

Article

Annesley, Lady Mabel Marguerite (1881–1959), wood-engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 25 February 1881, at Annesley Lodge, Regent's Park, London, the daughter of Hugh Annesley, fifth Earl Annesley (1831–1908), lieutenant-colonel in the Scots Fusilier Guards and landowner, and his wife, Mabel Wilhelmina Frances Markham, ...

Article

Austin, Robert Sargent (1895–1973), engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 23 June 1895 at 14 Magazine Square, Leicester, the eldest of the three children of Robert Austin, a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Smith. Encouraged by his father, after leaving Lansdowne Road school...

Article

Austin, William (1721/1733–1820), drawing-master and engraver, was apprenticed to George Bickham junior in 1747. This suggests that he was born about 1733, although he was said to have died aged ninety-eight, and a man named Austin was listed as an eminent painter in 1748. In 1756 ...

Article

Bell, Andrew (1725/6–1809), engraver and publisher, was probably born in Edinburgh, the son of John Bell, a baker. He was apprenticed to Richard Cooper the elder and began his career modestly as an engraver of letters, names, and crests on plates and dog collars. One of his customers was the ...

Article

Bewick, John (bap. 1760, d. 1795), wood-engraver, baptized on 30 March 1760, was the fifth of nine children born to John Bewick (bap. 1715, d. 1785), farmer and collier, and his wife, Jane Wilson (1727–1785) [see Bewick family], at Cherryburn, Eltringham, Northumberland...

Article

Bewick, Thomas (1753–1828), wood-engraver, was born at Cherryburn, Eltringham, Northumberland, on 10 or 12 August 1753, the eldest of the four sons and five daughters of John Bewick (bap. 1715, d. 1785), a tenant farmer and collier, and his second wife, Jane Wilson (1727–1785)...

Article

Bickham, George (1683/4–1758), engraver and writing-master, was born in London; he was said to have been seventy-four when he died in 1758. The son of John Bickham, whose wife was probably named Bridget, he occasionally used the initials G. J. and G. J. B....

Article

Blake, William (1757–1827), engraver, artist, and poet, was born on 28 November 1757 at 28 Broad Street, Soho, London, the third son of James Blake (1723?–1784), a hosier, and his wife, Catherine, née Wright (1723–1792), the widow of Thomas Armitage. Blake had four brothers, ...

Article

Boydell, John (1720–1804), engraver and printseller, the eldest of the seven children of Josiah Boydell (1691–1757?), surveyor and land steward, and his wife, Mary (1693/4–1777), was born at Dorrington in Shropshire on 19 January 1720. Like other men of his day he was disinclined to lose a year of his life to the change in calendar, and so always gave the year of his birth in old style, as 1719....

Article

Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

Article

Clowes, Butler (b. 1726/7, d. 1782), engraver and print seller, was apprenticed to two printmakers and engravers: Charles Gardner in 1744, and then Henry Copeland in 1749. He lived, and kept a print shop, in London at 18 Gutter Lane, Cheapside, from about 1760 until his death (his address has been recorded on prints by ...

Article

Timothy Clayton and Anita McConnell

Cooper, Richard, the elder (1701–1764), engraver, was born in London on 26 October 1701, the son of William Cooper (d. 1708), bricklayer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Smith (d. 1709). He studied at the Merchant Taylors' School, London, until 1712, and in 1717 was apprenticed to ...

Article

L. A. Fagan

revised by Donato Esposito

Cousins, Samuel (1801–1887), engraver, was born at Victoria Terrace, Exeter, on 9 May 1801 and baptized at St Mary Steps, Exeter, on 24 May, the son of John Cousens, tradesman, and his wife, Mary; he was the second eldest of five brothers and four sisters. He attended the episcopal school in ...

Article

Doo, George Thomas (1800–1886), engraver, was born near Christ Church, Southwark, London, on 6 January 1800, the son and second child of Benjamin William Doo (1758-1821), boat and barge builder, and his second wife, a widow, Dorothy Stanton (1760-1820). He had five half-siblings through his father’s first marriage. He went in 1825 to visit the engraving schools of ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Anne Puetz

Elder, William (fl. 1680–1701), engraver, was born in Scotland but worked in London, principally for booksellers. He engraved a number of portraits, often copied from older engravings, many of which were used as frontispieces to contemporary publications. Among them were one of Ben Jonson...

Article

Flight, (Walter) Claude (1881–1955), linocut artist and art teacher, was born on 16 February 1881 at 12 Clairville Grove in South Kensington, London, son of Dr Walter Flight FRS (1841–1885), mineralogist and authority on meteorites at the British Museum, and his wife, Katherine Fell (1847–1942)...

Article

J. C. H. Hadfield

revised by M. J. Andrews

Gibbings, Robert John (1889–1958), wood-engraver and book designer, was born at 5 Clarence Terrace, Cork, on 23 March 1889, the second son of Revd Edward Gibbings (1859–1924), later canon of Cork Cathedral, and his wife, Caroline Rouvière (1860–1907), the daughter of Robert Day...

Article

James Laver

revised by Duncan Andrews

Gooden, Stephen Frederick (1892–1955), engraver, was born on 9 October 1892 at 30 Tulse Hill, Brixton, London, the only son of Stephen Thomas Gooden (1856–1909), an art dealer and print publisher, and his wife, Edith Camille Elizabeth Epps (1868–1954). He was educated at ...

Article

Gravelot [formerly Bourguignon], Hubert-François (1699–1773), book illustrator and engraver, was born on 26 March 1699 at St Germain l'Auxerrois, Paris, the younger of the two sons of Hubert Bourguignon, a master tailor, and his wife, Charlotte Vaugon. He took the name Gravelot...