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Beaumont, Sir George Howland, seventh baronet (1753–1827), art patron and landscape painter, was born on 6 November 1753, at Dunmow, Essex, the only surviving son of Sir George Beaumont, sixth baronet (1726–1762), landowner, and his wife, Rachel (1717/18–1814), daughter of Michael Howland of ...

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Bentinck, Margaret Cavendish [née Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley], duchess of Portland (1715–1785), collector of art and natural history specimens and patron of arts and sciences, was born on 11 February 1715 in London, the only surviving child of Edward Harley, later second earl of Oxford...

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Boyle, Richard, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753), architect, collector, and patron of the arts, was born on 25 April 1694 at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, the only son of Charles Boyle, second earl of Burlington and third earl of Cork...

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie, Baron Clark (1903–1983), art patron and historian, was born at 32 Grosvenor Square, London, on 13 July 1903, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and his wife, (Margaret) Alice, daughter of James McArthur of Manchester and formerly of Paisley...

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Combe, Thomas (1796–1872), printer and patron of the arts, was born on 21 July 1796 in Leicester, the second of six children of Thomas Combe, the town's leading bookseller, and his wife, Theodosia (née Dalby). He had an older sister, three younger sisters, and a younger brother. He was educated at ...

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Compton, Spencer Joshua Alwyne, second marquess of Northampton (1790–1851), patron of science and the arts, was born on 2 January 1790 at Erlestoke Park, Wiltshire, the second son of Charles Compton, ninth earl and first marquess of Northampton, and Mary, only daughter of ...

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Courtauld, Samuel (1876–1947), industrialist and patron of the arts, was born at Bocking, Essex, on 7 May 1876, the second son of Sydney Courtauld, a silk manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Lucy, the daughter of William Sharp. The Courtaulds had arrived in England...

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Cowper, George Nassau Clavering, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789), art collector and patron, was born on 26 August 1738 and baptized on 17 September at St George's, Hanover Square, London. He was the only son and second child of William, second Earl Cowper (1709–1764)...

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Duane, Matthew (1707–1785), lawyer and art patron, was of obscure family origins. It seems likely that he came from Ireland and that his education took place in a Catholic school on the continent. Prevented by his religion from being called to the bar, he was by his mid-thirties practising with great success as a ‘chamber counsel’ and conveyancer in ...

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Edwards, Mary (1705?–1743), art patron, was born in or about 1705, probably in London, the only child of Francis Edwards (d. 1729), of Welham Grove, Leicestershire, Ketton, Rutland, and Soho Square, London, and his wife, Anna Margaretta Vernatti (d. in or after 1743)...

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Egerton [née Compton], Marianne Margaret, Viscountess Alford [known as Lady Marian Alford] (1817–1888), art patron and writer on needlework, was born on 21 June 1817 in the Casa del Pre, Naples; she lived with her parents in Rome from 1820 to 1830, mostly in the ...

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Elmhirst [née Whitney], Dorothy Payne (1887–1968), patron of education and the arts, was born at 1731 I Street, in Washington, DC, United States of America, on 23 January 1887, the fifth and youngest child of William Collins Whitney (1841–1904), statesman and company promoter, and his first wife, ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Field, Edwin Wilkins (1804–1871), law reformer and promoter of art, was born on 12 October 1804 at Leamington, Warwickshire, eldest son of the Unitarian minister William Field (1768–1851) of Warwick, and his wife, Mary, née Wilkins (1784?–1848). On his father's side he was a lineal descendant of ...

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Gardiner, Margaret Emilia (1904–2005), patron of the arts, was born on 22 April 1904 in Berlin, the only daughter and second of the three children of Sir Alan Henderson Gardiner (1879–1963), Egyptologist, and his wife, Hedwig (Heddie), née von Rosen (d. 1964)...

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

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Harley, Edward, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741), book collector and patron of the arts, was born on 2 June 1689, the only son of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d...

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Harley [née Holles], Henrietta Cavendish, countess of Oxford and Mortimer (1694–1755), patron of architecture, was born on 4 February 1694 at Newcastle House, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, the only child of John Holles, duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1662–1711), and his wife, Lady Margaret Cavendish (1661–1716)...