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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Beaumont, Sir George Howland, seventh baronet (1753–1827), art patron and landscape painter, was born on 6 November 1753, at Dunmow, Essex, the only surviving son of Sir George Beaumont, sixth baronet (1726–1762), landowner, and his wife, Rachel (1717/18–1814), daughter of Michael Howland of ...

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Beckford, William Thomas (1760–1844), writer and art collector, was born on 29 September 1760 at one of his father's houses, in Westminster or Fonthill, Wiltshire, and baptized at Fonthill on 6 January 1761, the only legitimate son of William Beckford (bap. 1709, d. 1770)...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Bentinck, Margaret Cavendish [née Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley], duchess of Portland (1715–1785), collector of art and natural history specimens and patron of arts and sciences, was born on 11 February 1715 in London, the only surviving child of Edward Harley, later second earl of Oxford...

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Bevan [née Ackenhausen], Natalie Alice (1909–2007), artist, muse, and collector, was born on 22 May 1909 at 2 Pembroke Cottages, Edwardes Square, London, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Kurt Bernhard Heinrich Carl Ackenhausen (1878/9–1954) and his wife, Alice Katherine Inchbold, ...

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Bourgeois, Sir (Peter) Francis (1756–1811), landscape painter and founder of the Dulwich Picture Gallery, was given to obfuscation and romance where his origins were concerned; but he was born in London, the son of Issac Bourgeois (b. 1707/8), who was of Swiss descent, and his wife, ...

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Boydell, John (1720–1804), engraver and printseller, the eldest of the seven children of Josiah Boydell (1691–1757?), surveyor and land steward, and his wife, Mary (1693/4–1777), was born at Dorrington in Shropshire on 19 January 1720. Like other men of his day he was disinclined to lose a year of his life to the change in calendar, and so always gave the year of his birth in old style, as 1719....

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Boyle, Richard, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753), architect, collector, and patron of the arts, was born on 25 April 1694 at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, the only son of Charles Boyle, second earl of Burlington and third earl of Cork...

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Browse, Lillian Gertrude (1906–2005), art dealer and art historian, was born at 2 Carlton Mansions, West End Lane, Hampstead, London, on 21 April 1906, the younger child of Michael Browse, entrepreneur, champion cyclist, and son of a Jewish White Russian émigré who had settled in ...

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Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Cartwright, William (1606–1686), actor and art collector, was born at the end of December 1606, the son of William Cartwright, actor, and was baptized at St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street, London, on 1 January 1607. The elder Cartwright was playing for the ...

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Christie, James (1730–1803), auctioneer, was born in Perth, Scotland. Little is known of his background, except that his mother was a MacDonald; his father, an Englishman of good family. He entered the navy, but resigned his commission as a midshipman about 1750 in order to marry....

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Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie, Baron Clark (1903–1983), art patron and historian, was born at 32 Grosvenor Square, London, on 13 July 1903, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and his wife, (Margaret) Alice, daughter of James McArthur of Manchester and formerly of Paisley...

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Clayton, John (1792–1890), civic leader and antiquary, was born on 10 June 1792 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the fourth child and third son of Nathaniel Clayton (1760–1832), town clerk and solicitor, and his wife, Dorothy, née Atkinson (1764–1827), daughter of George and Bridget Atkinson...

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Clowes, Butler (b. 1726/7, d. 1782), engraver and print seller, was apprenticed to two printmakers and engravers: Charles Gardner in 1744, and then Henry Copeland in 1749. He lived, and kept a print shop, in London at 18 Gutter Lane, Cheapside, from about 1760 until his death (his address has been recorded on prints by ...

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...