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Armour [née Steel], Mary Nicol (1902–2000), still-life and landscape painter, was born at Blantyre, Lanarkshire, on 27 March 1902, the eldest of six children of William Steel, a metal dresser in the steelworks at Blantyre, and his wife, Jabina Gilbert. She won a scholarship to ...

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Beaumont, Sir George Howland, seventh baronet (1753–1827), art patron and landscape painter, was born on 6 November 1753, at Dunmow, Essex, the only surviving son of Sir George Beaumont, sixth baronet (1726–1762), landowner, and his wife, Rachel (1717/18–1814), daughter of Michael Howland of ...

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Bonington, Richard Parkes (1802–1828), landscape painter, was born on 25 October 1802 in Arnold, near Nottingham, and baptized there at High Pavement Unitarian Chapel on 28 November, the only child of Richard Bonington (1768–1835) and Eleanor Parkes (d. 1838). His father inherited the post of governor of ...

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Bourgeois, Sir (Peter) Francis (1756–1811), landscape painter and founder of the Dulwich Picture Gallery, was given to obfuscation and romance where his origins were concerned; but he was born in London, the son of Issac Bourgeois (b. 1707/8), who was of Swiss descent, and his wife, ...

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Brierly, Sir Oswald Walters (1817–1894), marine painter and naval engineer, was born at Chester on 19 May 1817, the son of Dr Thomas Brierly (d. in or before 1872), a physician and amateur artist. After schooling in Chester, he became a pupil at ...

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Burton, William Shakespeare (1824–1916), painter, was born in London on 1 June 1824, the son of the actor William Evans Burton (1804–1860) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Loft (d. 1876). To escape from his difficult wife Burton's father moved to the USA...

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Cole, George (1810–1883), landscape and animal painter, was born on 15 January 1810 in London, the second child and only son of James Cole (1772–1847) and Elizabeth Parker (d. 1819). Information about his early life is scanty: according to his grandson, Rex Vicat Cole...

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Cole, Reginald George Vicat [Rex] (1870–1940), landscape painter and art teacher, was born on 22 February 1870 in Kensington, London, the only son and youngest of the four children of George Vicat Cole (1833–1893) and Mary Ann Chignell (d. 1915), daughter of a ...

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Constable, John (1776–1837), landscape painter and draughtsman, was born on 11 June 1776 at East Bergholt House, Church Street, East Bergholt, Suffolk, the fourth of six children of Golding Constable (1739–1816), merchant, mill owner, and gentleman farmer, and Ann (1748–1815), daughter of William Watts (...

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Corbet, Matthew Ridley (1850–1902), landscape painter, was born on 20 May 1850 at South Willingham, Lincolnshire, the son of the Revd Andrew Corbet and his wife, Marianne Ridley, through whom he was descended from the Ridleys of Blagdon, Northumberland. Educated at Cheltenham College...

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Cox, David (1783–1859), landscape painter, was born on 29 April 1783 at Heath Mill Lane in Deritend, on the industrial edge of Birmingham. A drawing by Samuel Lines (Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery) depicts the birthplace as a humble timber-framed cottage, with an adjoining outhouse that may have served as his father ...

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[Anon.]

revised by Raymond Ingram

Craven, Hawes (1837–1910), scene painter, was born Henry Hawes Craven Green on 3 July 1837 at Kirkgate, Leeds. His parents, James Green (d. 1881), a comedian, and Eliza Craven Green (1803–1866), an actress and, later, a poet, were performers on the York...

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Crome, John Berney (1794–1842), landscape painter, was born on 8 December 1794 in Norwich, and baptized there on 14 December at St George Colegate, the eldest of the seven surviving children of John Crome (1768–1821), painter, and his wife, Phoebe (d. 1845)...

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Danby, Francis (1793–1861), landscape painter, was born on 16 November 1793 at Common, Killinick, near Wexford, Ireland, one of the twin sons among the three children of James Danby (d. 1807), a minor country gentleman, and his second wife, Margaret Watson of ...

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Darwin, Sir Robert Vere [Robin] (1910–1974), landscape and portrait painter, was born in Chelsea, London, on 7 May 1910, the second of the three children and the only son of Bernard Richard Meirion Darwin (1876–1961), golf correspondent, and his wife, Elinor Mary (...

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DeWint, Peter (1784–1849), landscape painter, was born in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, on 21 January 1784, the son of Henry DeWint (1753–1807), physician, and his wife, Elizabeth Watson (b. 1754). The DeWint family was of Dutch origin; Henry DeWint, after studying in Europe...

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Farquharson, Joseph (1846–1935), landscape painter, was born in Edinburgh on 4 May 1846, the fourth of at least five sons of Francis Farquharson (1802/3–1876) and his first wife, Alison Mary, née Ainslie (d. 1863). His father, laird of Finzean, Aberdeenshire, and by profession a doctor, in 1864 married his second wife, ...

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Holmes, Sir Charles John (1868–1936), landscape painter and art critic, was born at Preston on 11 November 1868, the elder son of Charles Rivington Holmes (d. 1873), vicar of St Michael's Church, Bromley by Bow, later vicar of Stratton, Cornwall, and his wife, ...

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Hutchison, Sir William Oliphant (1889–1970), landscape and portrait painter, was born at Kirkcaldy on 2 July 1889, the fifth child in the family of four sons and two daughters of Henry William Hutchison of Kinloch, a Kirkcaldy businessman, and his wife, Sarah Hannah Key...

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Jones, Thomas (1742–1803), landscape painter, was born on 26 September 1742 at Trefonnen, near Llandrindod, Radnorshire, the second of sixteen children (nine surviving infancy) of Thomas Jones of Trefonnen (1711–1782), landowner, and his wife (and first cousin), Hannah Jones (1721–1789). Both his parents were dissenters. ...