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Armitage, Edward (1817–1896), history painter, was born on 20 May 1817 in Tavistock Square, London, and baptized on 4 June at St Pancras Old Church, Pancras Road, London. He was the eldest of the seven sons born to James Armitage (1793–1872) of Farnley...

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Artaud, William (1763–1823), portrait and history painter, was born in London on 24 March 1763, the son of Stephen Artaud, a Huguenot jeweller, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was awarded silver palettes by the Incorporated Society of Artists in 1775/6, 1777, and 1782, and from 1778 attended the ...

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Barry, James (1741–1806), history painter, printmaker, and author, was born on 11 October 1741, in a modest cottage in Water Lane in Blackpool, a suburb of Cork, to John Barry and Juliana Reardon. He was the eldest child in a family that grew to include three more sons, ...

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Cope, Charles West (1811–1890), history painter, was born on 28 July 1811 in Park Square, Leeds. His father, Charles Cope (d. 1827), painted landscapes in watercolour; his mother was said to be a gifted amateur in the same medium. They named their children after eminent artists whom the father knew personally: ...

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Copley, John Singleton (1738–1815), portrait and history painter, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 3 July 1738 at Long Wharf, the first and only child of Mary Singleton (c.1710–1789) and Richard Copley, shopkeepers who emigrated from Ireland some time in the mid-1730s. ...

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Cosway [née Hadfield], Maria Louisa Catherine Cecilia, Baroness Cosway in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1760–1838), history painter and educationist, was born at her father's hotel, Hadfield's (or Carlo's), Lungarno Capponi, Florence, on 17 July 1760, the eldest of five surviving children of ...

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Dawe, George (1781–1829), history and portrait painter, was born on 6 February 1781 in Brewer Street, Golden Square, London, the son of Philip Dawe (1745?–1809?), a mezzotint engraver, and his wife, Jane (c.1752–1832). He was brought up in a creative family: his two younger brothers ...

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Deverell, Walter Howell (1827–1854), painter, was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, on 1 October 1827, the eldest child in the family of five sons and three daughters of Walter Ruding Deverell (1800–1853), originally from Lincolnshire, and his wife, Dorothy Margaretta, née Phillips (1799–1850)...

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Fuller, Isaac (1606/1620?–1672), portrait and history painter, is said to have been born in 1606 (Redgrave) but no evidence has emerged for this date and his apparent age in the self-portrait of 1670 (Bodleian Library, Oxford) suggests that a more plausible birth date may be about 1620. He was probably born in ...

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Gordon, Sir John Watson- (1788–1864), painter of historical subjects and portraits, was born in Edinburgh. He was descended from the Watsons of Overmains, Berwickshire, and he was the son of Captain James Watson of the Royal Artillery. John Watson trained to follow his father into the army, but before receiving his commission took drawing lessons with ...

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Hart, Solomon Alexander (1806–1881), historical genre painter, was born in April 1806 in Plymouth, son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. Hart's mother died when he was young and his father married again. Two brothers are known, ...

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Haydon, Benjamin Robert (1786–1846), history painter and diarist, born in Wimpole Street, Plymouth, Devon, on 26 January 1786, was the son of a printer, publisher, and bookseller, Benjamin Robert Haydon (1758–1813), who came from an old Devon family. His mother, Sarah Cobley (...

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Hurlstone, Frederick Yeates (1800–1869), portrait and history painter, was born in London, the eldest son of Thomas Y. Hurlstone, one of the proprietors of the Morning Chronicle, and his second wife, Elizabeth Willet. He began life in the office of that journal, but while still very young became a pupil of ...

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Hussey, Giles (1710–1788), history and portrait painter, was born on 10 February 1710 at Marnhull, Dorset, the tenth of thirteen children of John Hussey (d. 1736) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Burdett. The family was Roman Catholic and between the ages of seven and twelve ...

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Kauffman, (Anna Maria) Angelica Catharina (1741–1807), history and portrait painter, was born on 30 October 1741 in Chur, Graubünden, Switzerland, the only child of Johann Joseph Kauffmann (1707–1782), an Austrian painter from the region of Bregenz, and his second wife, Cleofea Luz, or Lucin (1717–1757)...

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Kneller, Sir Godfrey [formerly Gottfried Kniller], baronet (1646–1723), history and portrait painter, was born Gottfried Kniller (which name he used, together with Kneller, until well into his thirties) at Lübeck, north Germany, on 8 August 1646, the third son of Zacharias Kniller (1611–1675)...

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Le Jeune, Henry (1819–1904), history and genre painter, was born in London on 12 December 1819, the son of Anthony Le Jeune, a professional musician of Flemish origin. Le Jeune hailed from a musical family, his grandfather and brothers also being musicians. His sister developed an interest in photography, working in ...

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Lucy, Charles (1814–1873), history painter, was born at Hereford. His parentage is unknown; and the information concerning his first thirty years is, at times, puzzling. He reputedly was apprenticed to his uncle, a chemist in Hereford; he preferred to embark on a career in art, left ...

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Opie, John (1761–1807), portrait and history painter, was born in May 1761 at Blowing House, Mithian, St Agnes, near Truro, Cornwall. He was the son of Edward Opie (pronounced Oppy in Cornwall and sometimes so spelled), a mine carpenter, and Mary Tonkin (1713–1805)...

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Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723–1792), portrait and history painter and art theorist, was born on 16 July 1723 at Plympton, Devon, the seventh of the eleven children of Samuel Reynolds (1681–1745), schoolmaster, and his wife, Theophila Potter (1688–1756) of Great Torrington, Devon. Reynolds's maternal grandfather was ...