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Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Aikman, William, of Cairnie (1682–1731), portrait painter, was born on 24 October 1682 at Cairnie, Forfarshire, the second son and fifth child of William Aikman (1646–1699), laird of Cairnie and advocate, and his wife, Margaret Clerk (d. after 1729), daughter of John Clerk...

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Aitchison, (John Ronald) Craigie (1926–2009), artist, was born at 12 India Street, Edinburgh, on 13 January 1926, the second son of Craigie Mason Aitchison, later Lord Aitchison (1882–1941), and his wife, Charlotte Mary Forbes, née Jones (d. 1970). Craigie was his paternal grandmother's maiden name. His father was a distinguished Scottish lawyer, Labour then National Labour MP for ...

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

Article

W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Duncan Macmillan

Allan, David (1744–1796), portrait and genre painter, was born at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, on 13 February 1744, the son of David Allan, shoremaster, and Janet Gullan. Allan, who was born prematurely, seems to have been asthmatic and never enjoyed good health. He showed an early proclivity to art, and was dismissed from school for caricaturing his teacher. At eleven, on 23 February 1755, he was apprenticed to the ...

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Allan, Sir William (1782–1850), painter, was born on 4 October 1782 and baptized on 11 October in the Old Kirk, Edinburgh, one of the three children of William Allan, the macer at the court of session and his wife, Mary, née Cram. The family lived at ...

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Allingham [née Paterson], Helen Mary Elizabeth (1848–1926), watercolour painter, was born on 26 September 1848 at Swadlincote, Derbyshire, the eldest of the seven children (three boys and four girls) of Alexander Henry Paterson (1825–1862), medical practitioner and surgeon, and his wife, Mary Chance Herford (1824–1894)...

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Anderson, (Alfred Charles) Stanley (1884–1966), printmaker and watercolour painter, was born on 11 May 1884 at 11 North Road, Bristol, the son of Alfred Ernest Anderson (1859–1939), of Heavitree, Devon, who started his own business as a skilled general and heraldic engraver, and his wife, ...

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Annesley, Lady Mabel Marguerite (1881–1959), wood-engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 25 February 1881, at Annesley Lodge, Regent's Park, London, the daughter of Hugh Annesley, fifth Earl Annesley (1831–1908), lieutenant-colonel in the Scots Fusilier Guards and landowner, and his wife, Mabel Wilhelmina Frances Markham, ...

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Armitage, Edward (1817–1896), history painter, was born on 20 May 1817 in Tavistock Square, London, and baptized on 4 June at St Pancras Old Church, Pancras Road, London. He was the eldest of the seven sons born to James Armitage (1793–1872) of Farnley...

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Armour [née Steel], Mary Nicol (1902–2000), still-life and landscape painter, was born at Blantyre, Lanarkshire, on 27 March 1902, the eldest of six children of William Steel, a metal dresser in the steelworks at Blantyre, and his wife, Jabina Gilbert. She won a scholarship to ...

Article

Walter Armstrong

revised by Emma Hardy

Armstead, Henry Hugh (1828–1905), sculptor and illustrator, was born in Bloomsbury, London, on 18 June 1828, the fourth and youngest son of John Armstead, and his wife, Ann, daughter of Hugh Dyer of Belfast. John Armstead was a heraldic chaser and Henry Hugh Armstead...

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Artaud, William (1763–1823), portrait and history painter, was born in London on 24 March 1763, the son of Stephen Artaud, a Huguenot jeweller, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was awarded silver palettes by the Incorporated Society of Artists in 1775/6, 1777, and 1782, and from 1778 attended the ...

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Arundale, Francis (1807–1853), architect and painter, was born at 4 Stanhope Terrace, London, on 9 August 1807, the son of George Arundale. He was an early pupil of Augustus Charles Pugin, with whom he stayed for seven years, accompanying his master to Normandy...

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Austin, Robert Sargent (1895–1973), engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 23 June 1895 at 14 Magazine Square, Leicester, the eldest of the three children of Robert Austin, a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Smith. Encouraged by his father, after leaving Lansdowne Road school...

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Bacon, Francis (1909–1992), painter, was born on 28 October 1909 at 63 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin, the second of five children of English parents, Edward Anthony Mortimer Bacon, army officer, and his wife, Christina Winifred Firth. Bacon's father moved his family to Westbourne Terrace, London...

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Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1585–1627), painter, was born at Redgrave in Suffolk in August 1585, the grandson of Lord Keeper Bacon and the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon (c. 1543–1624) [see under Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1546?-1622)], subsequently the premier baronet of ...

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Baen, Jan de (1633–1702), portrait painter, was born on 20 February 1633 in Haarlem, Holland. Houbraken's life of de Baen, published within sixteen years of de Baen's death, would appear to be reliable because the artist painted a portrait of Dr Jacob Souburg...

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Bairnsfather, (Charles) Bruce (1887–1959), cartoonist and writer, was born at Strawberry Bank Cottage, Murree, Punjab, India, on 9 July 1887, the eldest son of Lieutenant (later Major) Thomas Henry (Tom) Bairnsfather (d. 1945), a Scottish officer in the Indian army, and Amelia Jane Eliza (Janie) Every (...

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Ballantyne, John (1815–1897), portrait painter, was born on 25 April 1815 in Kelso, Roxburghshire, one of ten children of Alexander (Sandy) Thomson Ballantyne (1776–1847), newspaper editor and manager, and his wife, (Anne) Randall Scott Grant (d. 1855). His parents were both Scottish; his father is primarily remembered for having copied for press some of ...