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Baskerville, John (1706–1775), printer and typefounder, was born at Sion Hill, Wolverley, near Kidderminster, Worcestershire, the son of John Baskervile (d. 1738) and his wife, Sara or Sarah; he was baptized at Wolverley on 28 January 1707. It is likely that the family were landowners and farmers in a small way. In later life ...

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Bawden, Edward (1903–1989), painter and designer, was born on 10 March 1903 in Braintree, Essex, the only child of Edward Bawden, a Braintree ironmonger of Cornish stock, and his wife, Eleanor Game, the daughter of a Suffolk gamekeeper. He went to Braintree high school...

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Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth (1730–1795), typefounder, was born in Foster Lane, London, on 31 May 1730, the daughter of William Cartlich, refiner, of Foster Lane, and his wife, Elizabeth. She was baptized on 4 June at St John Zachary, London. On 25 June 1751 she married ...

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Caslon, William, the elder (1692–1766), typefounder, was born at Cradley, Worcestershire, the son of George Caslon (d. 1709), shoemaker, of nearby Halesowen, and Mary Steven. George was the son of William Castledowne, also a shoemaker of Halesowen, and an earlier form of the family surname, recorded in ...

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Cockerell, Sydney Morris (1906–1987), bookbinder, was born on 6 June 1906 at 96 Earls Court Road, London, the second of three children and elder son of Douglas Bennett Cockerell (1870–1945), bookbinder, and his wife, Florence Margaret Drew (c.1870–1912), daughter of Samuel Drew Arundel...

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Crosby, Theo (1925–1994), designer and architect, was born on 3 April 1925 in Mafeking, South Africa, the only child of Nicholas Johannes Crosby (d. 1938), compound engineer for a gold mine, and his wife, Nicholas Johannes Goosen (a name chosen before birth for the boy it was hoped she would be). His parents were cousins, whose families were multiply intermarried. They were Afrikaners, with the exception of ...

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Cruikshank, George (1792–1878), graphic artist, was born on 27 September 1792, and baptized on 6 November at St George's, Bloomsbury Way, London, the second son of Isaac Cruikshank (1764–1811), caricaturist, and his wife, Mary, née MacNaughton (1769–1853). At the time the family lived at ...

Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by A. P. Woolrich

Fry, Edmund (1754–1835), typefounder, was born at Bristol, the son of Joseph Fry (1728–1787), chocolate manufacturer and typefounder, and his wife, Anna, née Portsmouth (1719/20–1803), daughter of Henry Portsmouth MD of Basingstoke, Hampshire. He studied medicine, took the degree of MD at Edinburgh...

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Gardner, (Leslie) James (1907–1995), designer and graphic artist, was born on 29 December 1907 at 26 Stacey Road, Hendon, Middlesex, the son of Frederick James Gardner, a commercial traveller, and his wife, Flora May, formerly Jarvis. He was brought up in somewhat unhappy family circumstances in suburban ...

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J. C. H. Hadfield

revised by M. J. Andrews

Gibbings, Robert John (1889–1958), wood-engraver and book designer, was born at 5 Clarence Terrace, Cork, on 23 March 1889, the second son of Revd Edward Gibbings (1859–1924), later canon of Cork Cathedral, and his wife, Caroline Rouvière (1860–1907), the daughter of Robert Day...

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Gilroy, John Thomas Young (1898–1985), graphic artist and portrait painter, was born on 20 May 1898 at 4 Crawhall Terrace, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second son and the fourth of eight children of John William Gilroy, marine artist and technical draughtsman, and his wife, ...

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Gray [née Binyon], Nicolete Mary (1911–1997), historian of lettering, letter carver, and art critic, was born on 20 July 1911 at Stevenage, Hertfordshire, the last of three children of Laurence Binyon (1869–1943), poet, art critic, and scholar, and his wife, Cicely Margaret (1876–1962)...

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Henrion, (Frederick) Henri Kay [formerly Heinrich Fritz Kohn] (1914–1990), graphic designer, was born on 18 April 1914 at Nuremberg, Germany, the son of Max Kohn, a solicitor, and his wife, Paula, née Rosenau (d. 1965). His parents were Franco-German.

After leaving the ...

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Johnston, Edward (1872–1944), calligrapher and designer of lettering, was born on 11 February 1872 in San José province, Uruguay, the second of the four children of Fowell Buxton Johnston (b. 1839), army officer, and his wife, Alice Douglas (d. 1891). His paternal grandfather was ...

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Kauffer, Edward McKnight (1890–1954), artist and graphic designer, was born Edward Kauffer in Great Falls, Cascade county, Montana, USA, on 14 December 1890, the only son of John and Anna Kauffer. His parents were first- and second-generation immigrants to the United States, his father of Hanseatic German stock, his mother of Swedish origin. ...

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Kinneir, (Richard) Jock (1917–1994), typographer and graphic designer, was born at the Louise Margaret Hospital, Aldershot, Hampshire, on 11 February 1917, the son of Guy Kinneir (1892–1964), a second lieutenant in the Manchester regiment and later a medical practitioner, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Margaret, ...

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Leighton, John [pseud. Luke Limner] (1822–1912), artist and book cover designer, was born on 15 September 1822, the first of seven children of John Leighton (1800–1883), bookbinder and publisher, and his wife, Sarah (1799–1877), daughter of the artist James Baynes (1766–1837). His father was in business with his uncle ...

Article

H. G. Carter

revised by David McKitterick

Morison, Stanley Arthur (1889–1967), typographer, was born at Kent Villa, Tavistock Road, Wanstead, Essex, on 6 May 1889, the only son and second of the three children of Arthur Andrew Morison (1856–1932) and his wife, Alice Louisa (1863–1951), daughter of Charles Cole, clerk, of ...

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Paolozzi, Sir Eduardo Luigi (1924–2005), sculptor and printmaker, was born on 7 March 1924 at 6 Crown Place, Leith, Edinburgh, the only son and elder child of Alfonso Rudolfo Armando Antonio Paolozzi (1901–1940), confectioner, and his wife, Carmela Maria, née Rossi (1902–1955), daughter of ...

Article

Derek Hudson

revised by Joanna Soden

Pryde, James Ferrier (1866–1941), artist and designer, was born at 23 London Street, Edinburgh, on 30 March 1866, the only son of six children of David Pryde (1834–1907), headmaster of Edinburgh Ladies' College (1870–91), and his wife, Barbara (b. c.1833/4), daughter of ...