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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert (1831–1892), farmer and premier of New Zealand, was born on 1 November 1831 at Broxton, Cheshire, the fourth son and the seventh of the thirteen children of John Atkinson (1798–1856), an architect and stonemason, and his wife, Elizabeth Smith (...

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Jennett Humphreys

revised by G. E. Mingay

Bakewell, Robert (1725–1795), stock breeder and farmer, was born at Dishley Grange, Dishley (otherwise Dixley), near Loughborough, Leicestershire, on 23 May 1725. His father, also a farmer, had been born at the same place and rented a farm there of 440 acres. About 1755 ...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Birkbeck, Morris (1764–1825), farmer and writer, was born on 23 January 1764 in Settle, Yorkshire, the only child of Morris Birkbeck (1734–1816), Quaker minister, and his wife, Hannah, née Bradford, of Lancaster, who died a few days after his birth. On 23 April in 1794 he married ...

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Blackmore, Richard Doddridge (1825–1900), novelist and fruit farmer, was born on 7 June 1825, at the vicarage, Longworth, Berkshire, the third but second surviving son of the Revd John Blackmore (1794–1858) and his first wife, Anne Basset Knight (1794–1825). Anne was the eldest daughter of the ...

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Blundell, Sir Michael (1907–1993), farmer and politician in Kenya, was born on 7 April 1907 at 33 Campden House Court, Kensington, London, the third of four sons of Alfred Herbert Blundell, a London solicitor, and his wife, Amelia Woodward Richardson. His father's family came from ...

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Carter, Denis Victor, Baron Carter (1932–2006), farmer and politician, was born on 17 January 1932 at 39 Hayles Street, Southwark, London, the son of Albert William Carter (d. 1973), tea warehouseman, and his wife, Annie Julia, née Tynan (d. 1972). The family later moved to ...

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Clare, John (1793–1864), poet, farm labourer, and naturalist, was born on 13 July 1793 in West Street, Helpston, Northamptonshire, the son of Parker Clare (1765–1846), a thresher and local wrestler, known as 'the lame man of Helpstone', and his wife, Ann (1757–1835)...

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Cobbett, William (1763–1835), political writer and farmer, was born on 9 March 1763 in Farnham, Surrey, the third of four children of George Cobbett, publican and farmer, and his wife, Anne Vincent.

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Crèvecoeur, J. Hector St John de (1735–1813), writer on America and farmer, was born on 31 January 1735 in Caen, Normandy, and baptized Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur. The son of Guillaume-Augustin Jean de Crèvecoeur, a substantial landowner and member of the provincial nobility, and ...

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Gascoigne, Sir Thomas, eighth baronet (1745–1810), traveller and politician, was born on 7 March 1745 at the English Benedictine convent at Cambrai, France. He was the sixth child and third son of Sir Edward Gascoigne, sixth baronet (1697–1750), of Parlington, west Yorkshire, and his wife, ...

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Ironside, (William) Edmund, first Baron Ironside (1880–1959), army officer and farmer, was born on 6 May 1880 at Joks Lodge House, South Leith, Edinburgh, the second child and only son of William Ironside (1835–1881) of Athling, surgeon-major in the Indian army, and his wife, ...

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Marsden, Samuel (1765–1838), missionary and farmer, was born on 25 June 1765 at Bagley, near Farsley, Yorkshire, the eldest of the five surviving children of Thomas Marsden, butcher, and his wife, Bathsheba Brown. He went to school at Farsley, and subsequently worked for his uncle ...

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Millar, George Reid (1910–2005), special operations officer, author, and farmer, was born on 19 September 1910 at Boghall, Baldernock, Stirlingshire, the younger son (there was no daughter) of Thomas Andrew Millar (d. 1921/2), architect, and his wife, Mary Reid, née Morton (...

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Parkinson, Frank (1887–1946), electrical engineer and philanthropist, was born at Springfield, Guiseley, Wharfedale, Yorkshire, on 7 February 1887, the eldest of three children of Joseph Parkinson (1862–1902), stone mason and quarry-owner, and his wife, Ann Elizabeth, née Yeadon (b. 1861). Educated at ...

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Tolpuddle Martyrs (act. 1834–c. 1845), agricultural labourers and trade unionists from the village of Tolpuddle in Dorset, became famous as victims of injustice, whose sentences of transportation caused a public outcry in 1834.

All six men lived and worked in Tolpuddle. George Loveless...

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Williams [née Jones], Dinah Eiluned Lyon (1911–2009), organic farmer, was born on 23 July 1911 in Crugiau, near Aberystwyth, the second of three children of Abel Edwin Jones (1875–1924), senior lecturer, and later professor of agriculture, at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth...