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Arundel [Fitzalan], Thomas (1353–1414), administrator and archbishop of Canterbury, was the third son of Richard (II) Fitzalan, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1372), the daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of ...

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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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C. L. Falkiner

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Ball, John Thomas (1815–1898), judge, born in Dublin on 24 July 1815, was the eldest son of Major Benjamin Marcus Ball (1789–1841) and Elizabeth (1789–1838), daughter of Cuthbert Feltus of Hollybrook, co. Carlow. His father was an officer who served with distinction in the ...

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Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340–1399), and Katherine Swynford (1350?–1403), daughter of the Hainaulter Sir Payn Roelt, who was governess to the duke's children [...

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Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury, was a London merchant's son who rose to be royal chancellor then archbishop, only to be murdered in his cathedral church. His posthumous reputation as a saint and martyr, with enduring thaumaturgical powers, was considerable throughout western Christendom, and in ...

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Bethell, Richard, first Baron Westbury (1800–1873), lord chancellor, was born at Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, on 30 June 1800, the son of Richard Bethell MD (d. 1831) of Bristol, and Jane Baverstock (d. 1825). After an education at Bath and Bristol he was taken at the age of fourteen to ...

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Bingham, Sir Richard (1527/8–1599), soldier and president of Connacht, was the third son of Robert Bingham of Melcombe-Bingham, Dorset, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Thomas Coker of Mappowder in the same county. His elder brothers were Robert and Christopher; he also had two sisters and five younger brothers, ...

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Bowes, John, Baron Bowes of Clonlyon (1691–1767), lord chancellor of Ireland, was born possibly either in Surrey or in Ware, Hertfordshire. He was the second son of Thomas Bowes of Bishopsgate Street, London, a member of the Turners' Company; his mother's surname was ...

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Bromley, Sir Thomas (c. 1530–1587), lord chancellor, was a younger son of George Bromley (d. 1545) of Hodnet, Shropshire, and his wife, Jane (b. c.1505), daughter of Sir Thomas Lacon of Willey, Shropshire. His was a legal family: his father was a bencher of the ...

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Brougham, Henry Peter, first Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778–1868), lord chancellor, was born on 19 September 1778 at 21 St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh, the eldest son of Henry Brougham (1742–1810), a modest Westmorland squire, and his wife, Eleanor (1750–1839), the daughter of the ...

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Buckmaster, Stanley Owen, first Viscount Buckmaster (1861–1934), lord chancellor, was born on 9 January 1861 at 2 New Road, off St John's Hill, Wandsworth, London, the third of four sons of John Charles Buckmaster (d. 1908), professor of chemistry, and his wife, ...

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Buller, Reginald Edward Manningham-, first Viscount Dilhorne (1905–1980), lawyer and politician, was born at Latimer House, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, on 1 August 1905, the eldest of five children and the only son of Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller, third baronet (1876–1956), a soldier and later MP, and his wife, ...

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Burgh, Hubert de, earl of Kent (c. 1170–1243), justiciar, has been wrongly said to have been the son of a brother of William fitz Aldhelm, steward of Henry II. It is possible, though doubtful, that his father was the Walter whose daughter Adelina...

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Bury [Aungerville], Richard (1287–1345), administrator and bishop of Durham, was the son of Sir Richard d'Aungerville of Willoughby, Leicestershire. He was born on 24 January 1287 near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (whence his name). After the death of his father he was raised and educated by his uncle, ...

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Cairns, Hugh McCalmont, first Earl Cairns (1819–1885), lord chancellor, was born on 27 December 1819, the second son of William Cairns (b. 1789), sometime captain in the 47th foot, later of Parkmount, co. Antrim, and his first wife, Rosanna (d. 1822)...

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Campbell, John, first earl of Loudoun (1598–1662), lord chancellor of Scotland, was the eldest son of Sir James Campbell of Lawers and his wife, Jean, daughter of James Colvill, first Lord Colvill of Culros. He probably travelled abroad before he married (by March 1620) ...

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Campbell, John, first Baron Campbell of St Andrews (1779–1861), lord chancellor, was born on 15 September 1779 next to the Bell Inn in Cupar, Fife, where his father, George (1747–1824), was a minister of the Church of Scotland for fifty-one years. His mother, ...

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Cary, Henry, first Viscount Falkland (c. 1575–1633), lord deputy of Ireland, said to have been born at Aldenham, was the son of Sir Edward Cary (d. 1618) of Berkhamsted and Aldenham, Hertfordshire, master of the jewel house, and his wife, Catherine (...

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Cave, George, Viscount Cave (1856–1928), lawyer and politician, was born on 23 February 1856 at 67 Cheapside, London, the second son of Thomas Cave (1825–1894), a City of London merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (1827/8–1925), daughter of Jasper Shallcrass of Banstead, Surrey, who were married in 1849. ...

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Cooper, Anthony Ashley, first earl of Shaftesbury (1621–1683), politician, was born shortly after 3 a.m. on 22 July 1621 at the house of his grandfather Sir Anthony Ashley, baronet, in Wimborne St Giles, Dorset, 'the eldest child then living' (Christie, vol. 1, appx 2, p. xxv...