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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Barton, Robert [called Hob a Barton] (d. 1540), sea captain and administrator, known to the English as the pirate Hob a Barton, was one of three sons of John Barton, sea captain in Leith, the port of Edinburgh. Some time prior to 1476 his father's ship and goods were captured by Portuguese ships. ...

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Howard Temperley

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting vessel, he was captured by a French privateer and held prisoner until the peace of 1814. He subsequently joined the ...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Philip Carter

Bell, John (1691–1780), diplomatist and traveller, the son of Patrick Bell of Antermony, Stirlingshire, and Anabel Stirling of Craigbarnet, was born on his father's estate at Antermony. No details of his education are extant, but it is stated that, after obtaining the degree of doctor of medicine, he decided to visit foreign countries. He obtained letters of recommendation to ...

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Blogg, Henry George (1876–1954), lifeboat coxswain, was born in Cromer on 6 February 1876, the son of Ellen Blogg. He was educated at the Goldsmiths' School, Cromer, where he proved quick at learning and revealed an unusually retentive memory. He took no part in games, failed to defend himself against bullying, and never learned to swim. When nearly twelve he began life as a longshore fisherman. In 1894 he joined the ...

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Henry George Blogg (1876–1954) by Thomas Cantrell Dugdale, 1942 © reserved; photograph courtesy of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution

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Browne, Sir Stewart Gore- (1883–1967), settler and politician in Northern Rhodesia, was born in London on 3 May 1883, the elder son of the barrister Sir Francis Gore-Browne (1860–1922), and his wife, Helenor (b. 1858), elder daughter of John Archibald Shaw-Stewart. His grandfather ...

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Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Glegg, chief magistrate of Montrose, was born on 16 May 1805 in Montrose. James Burnes (1801–1862)...

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Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, and Mary, daughter of James Gedge and widow of ...

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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Caswell, Richard (1729–1789), surveyor and politician in America, was born on 3 August 1729 at Mulberry Point, a plantation overlooking Chesapeake Bay, near Joppa, Baltimore county, Maryland, the son of Richard Caswell, merchant and public official, and Christian Dallam (b. c.1690)...

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Hugh Cholmondeley, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931) by unknown artist, 1923 © reserved

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Cholmondeley, Hugh, third Baron Delamere (1870–1931), settler in Kenya and politician, was born in London on 28 April 1870, the only son of Hugh Cholmondeley, second Baron Delamere (1811–1887), and his second wife, Augusta Emily (d. 1911), eldest daughter of Sir George Hamilton Seymour...

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Colquhoun, Archibald Ross (1848–1914), explorer, colonial administrator, and author, was born at sea off the Cape of Good Hope in March 1848, the fifth of six children of Dr Archibald Colquhoun (c.1804–1890) of Edinburgh, an employee of the East India Company...

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Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925), politician, traveller, and viceroy of India, was born on 11 January 1859 at Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, the second of the eleven children of the Revd Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, fourth Baron Scarsdale (1831–1916), rector of ...

Article

Norman MacColl

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Dilke, Ashton Wentworth (1850–1883), traveller and politician, was born on 11 August 1850 in London, the younger son of Sir (Charles) Wentworth Dilke, first baronet (1810–1869), and Mary (d. 1853), the only daughter of Captain William Chatfield, Madras cavalry; his elder brother was ...

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Elder, John [Jhone Eldar] (fl. 1533–1565), cartographer and propagandist, was a native of Caithness—a ‘redshank’, as he styled himself. He was educated on Skye and Lewis before continuing his studies at the universities of St Andrews (where he matriculated in 1533), Aberdeen...

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Elias, Ney (1844–1897), explorer and diplomatist, was born at Widmore, Kent, on 10 February 1844, the second son of Ney Elias (d. 1891) of Kensington and his wife, Sophia, both from established Jewish merchant families. Elias and his four brothers and two sisters were brought up as Christians after their parents converted from Judaism. He was educated in ...

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Elliot, Hugh (1752–1830), diplomat and adventurer, was born on 6 April 1752, the second son of Sir Gilbert Elliot, third baronet (1722–1777), MP, and Agnes Dalrymple-Murray-Kynynmound (d. 1778). Born into a family of staunch but minor government supporters, he was one of a number of Scotsmen who carved out a career in second- and third-level posts in the British diplomatic service. On several occasions his bold personality and sharp tongue carried him further than discretion would have advised, though these episodes also provided the highlights of a career lacking in substantial achievements. Unusually tall and thin, ...