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Sir Thomas Bazley, first baronet (1797–1885) by John & Charles Watkins © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bazley, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1797–1885), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 27 May 1797 at Gilnow, near Bolton, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Bazley (1773–1845), sometime cotton manufacturer, mathematician, and journalist, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Charles Hilton of ...

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Callender, William Romaine (1825–1876), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 2 June 1825 at 7 Nelson Street, Chorlton Row, Manchester, the elder son of William Romaine Callender (1794–1872), merchant and calico printer, and his first wife, Hannah, the daughter of Samuel Pope...

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Richard Cobden (1804–1865) by Giuseppe Fagnani, 1865 [replica; original, 1860–61] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cobden, Richard (1804–1865), manufacturer and politician, was born on 3 June 1804 in a small farmhouse at Dunford near the village of Heyshott in Sussex, the fourth of eleven children of William Cobden (1775–1833) and his wife, Millicent, née Amber (1775–1825).

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Ecroyd, William Farrer (1827–1915), worsted manufacturer and politician, was born on 14 July 1827, at Lomeshaye, near Burnley, Lancashire, the first of the four children of William Ecroyd (1796–1876), worsted spinner, and his second wife, Margaret (1797–1835), the eldest daughter of William Farrer...

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Emmott, Alfred, Baron Emmott (1858–1926), politician and cotton manufacturer, was born at Chadderton, near Oldham, on 8 May 1858, the third son of Thomas Emmott, cotton manufacturer, of Oldham, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Barlow, of Chorley, Lancashire. Educated at the ...

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Alfred Emmott, Baron Emmott (1858–1926) by unknown photographer, c. 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, was born on 11 November 1817 in Sydenham, on the outskirts of Belfast, the eldest son of William Ewart (1789–1873) and Mary Anne, née Rosen. He was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy...

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Fielden, Joshua (1827–1887), cotton manufacturer and politician, was born on 8 March 1827 at Dawson Weir, Todmorden, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven surviving children of John Fielden (1784–1849) and his first wife, Ann Grindrod (d. 1832), the daughter of a Rochdale...

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Holland, William Henry, first Baron Rotherham (1849–1927), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 15 December 1849, at 68 Slater Street, Manchester, the younger of the two sons of William Holland (1823–1892), a warehouseman's son, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Robinson...

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Houldsworth, Sir William Henry, first baronet (1834–1917), cotton industrialist and politician, was born on 20 August 1834 at Ardwick, Manchester, the fourth son of Henry Houldsworth (1797–1868), cotton spinner, and his first wife, Helen, daughter of James Hamilton of Glasgow and his wife, ...

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Illingworth, Alfred (1827–1907), worsted spinner and politician, was born on 25 September 1827 at Kent Street, Bradford, Yorkshire, the elder son of Daniel Illingworth (1792–1854), worsted spinner, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Michael Hill of Bradford. He was educated at a private academy in ...

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McArthur, Sir William (1809–1887), woollen merchant and politician, was born at Malin, Donegal, Ireland, on 6 July 1809, the fifth child and second son of John McArthur (d. 1840) and Sarah, née Finlay (d. 1861). His father was a poor Scots-Irish farmer who had converted to Methodism in the 1790s and turned to itinerant preaching in the ‘linen triangle’ of ...

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Anthony John Mundella (1825–1897) by London Stereoscopic Co., c. 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mundella, Anthony John (1825–1897), hosiery manufacturer and politician, was born at Leicester on 28 March 1825. His father, Antonio Mundella, a political refugee from Como in Italy, emigrated to England about 1820 and was naturalized at Bradford where he first settled. Shortly thereafter he moved to ...

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Peel, Sir Robert, first baronet (1750–1830), calico printer and politician, was born at Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire, on 25 April 1750, the third of the seven sons of Robert Peel (1723–1795), a dealer (or chapman) in the linen and cotton cloth known as ‘Blackburn Greys’, and his wife, ...

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Sir Robert Peel, first baronet (1750–1830) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1825 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Philips, Sir George, first baronet (1766–1847), textile industrialist and politician, was born on 24 March 1766, the second son of the eight children of Thomas Philips (1728–1811), a Manchester merchant (later of Sedgley), and his wife, Mary Jolley (d. 1806), the daughter and heir of ...