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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Ashworth, Henry (1794–1880), cotton master, was born on 4 September 1794 at Birtwistle, near Bolton, the eldest of the six sons and five daughters of John Ashworth, land agent and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson. Educated locally and at Ackworth School...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Cash, John (1822–1880), ribbon manufacturer, was born on 16 February 1822 at Sherbourne House, Coventry, the eldest son of Joseph Cash, a Quaker stuff merchant and leading businessman. John's younger brother Joseph Cash (1826–1880), ribbon manufacturer, was born on 28 October 1826 at the same address. After serving seven-year apprenticeships with stuff merchants and so becoming entitled to become freemen of the city, the brothers operated a silk ribbon-making business from a warehouse in ...

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See Cash, John

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William Stephens Clark (1839–1925) by William Strang, 1912 Clarks International

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Clark, William Stephens (1839–1925), shoe manufacturer and retailer, was born on 22 February 1839 at Street in Somerset, the third of fourteen children of James C. Clark (1811–1906), rug and shoe manufacturer of Street, and Eleanor, née Stephens (1812–1879), of Bridport. He was educated at ...

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Ecroyd, William Farrer (1827–1915), worsted manufacturer and politician, was born on 14 July 1827, at Lomeshaye, near Burnley, Lancashire, the first of the four children of William Ecroyd (1796–1876), worsted spinner, and his second wife, Margaret (1797–1835), the eldest daughter of William Farrer...

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James Finlayson (1772?–?1852) by unknown artist © reserved

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Finlayson, James (1772?–1852?), engineer and cotton manufacturer, was probably born on 29 August 1772 in the parish of Penicuik, near Edinburgh. Of his early life in Scotland nothing is known, and it is in St Petersburg in Russia at the end of the eighteenth century that he first makes his appearance, as a master machinist at the ...

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Gurney, John (1688/9–1741), Quaker minister and wool stapler, was the son of John Gurney (1655–1721), a Quaker merchant of Norwich, who had been imprisoned from 1683 to 1685 for refusing the oath of allegiance and who brought up his family strictly in his own faith. With his wife, ...

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Hustler, John (1715–1790), wool stapler and canal promoter, was born on 5 October 1715 at the family farm, Apple Tree Farm, Low Fold, Bolton, near Bradford, Yorkshire, the eldest son of William Hustler of Steeton (d. 11 May 1759), wool stapler and merchant, and his wife, ...

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Jowitt, John (1811–1888), wool-stapler, was born on 15 September 1811 at Carlton House, Leeds, the eldest of the seven children of Robert Jowitt, cloth manufacturer and wool-stapler, and his wife, Rachel, daughter of Thomas and Cicely Crewdson of Kendal. Jowitt was educated at ...

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Morton, Alastair James Fagan (1910–1963), textile manufacturer and abstract painter, was born on 12 February 1910 at Home Acres, Brampton Road, Carlisle (now Cumbria College of Art and Design), the elder son and fifth of the six children of Sir James Morton (1867–1943)...

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Edward Pease (1767–1858) by William Miller © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. F. Pollard and Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by M. W. Kirby

Pease, Edward (1767–1858), woollen manufacturer and railway promoter, born at Darlington on 31 May 1767, was the eldest son of Joseph Pease, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Richardson. A brother, Joseph (1772–1846), was one of the founders of the Peace Society in 1817, and a supporter of the ...

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Priestman, John (1805–1866), manufacturer of worsted goods and peace campaigner, son of Joshua and Hannah Priestman, was born at Thornton, near Pickering, Yorkshire, where his ancestors had lived for more than 200 years. He is believed to have been educated at the Society of Friends'...

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Thomasson, Thomas (1808–1876), cotton manufacturer, was born on 6 December 1808 at Turton, near Bolton, Lancashire, the second son of John Thomasson (1776–1837), a cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Marsh, the daughter of a farmer at Topping, near Bolton. He attended the Friends' ...