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C. T. Martin

revised by Basil Morgan

Buonvisi, Antonio [Anthony] (1487–1558), merchant and banker, was born in Lucca, Italy, on 26 December 1487, the younger son of Benedetto Buonvisi (d. 1516) and Filippa Cenami. He belonged to an ancient family which was descended from a councillor of the emperor ...

Article

Chiriton, Walter (fl. 1340–1358), merchant and financier, was probably a member of a family of small landowners in Warwickshire, bearing a name derived from Cherrington in that county—he held a life interest in the manor of Weston by Cherrington for a while in the 1340s. He attained national prominence, however, as a wool merchant involved in international trade. In 1340 he is recorded as a merchant who had bought substantial quantities of the king's wool (that is, wool which had come into the king's possession as a result of parliamentary grant), and who was exporting it to ...

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Deorman (fl. 1119–1141), moneyer and merchant, was a member of the first London family of moneyers for whom biographical details can be assembled, and his importance lies in what they reveal about the prominent but largely unknown class of men responsible for organizing and running the Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman ...

Article

Gage, Joseph Edward (c. 1687–1766), adventurer, the younger son of Joseph Gage (1652–1700) and his wife, Elizabeth Penruddock (d. 1693), was born about 1687. His father, the third son of Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, Sussex, inherited Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, about 1682 on the death of his aunt ...

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Garner, Richard (d. in or after 1415), merchant and master of the mint, was born in Piedmont, Italy, but had migrated to London by 1400–01 where he began an eventful career as a resident alien merchant. He exported wool, for instance, on the Venetian ...

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Lemberg [Limberg, Limburg], Tideman (c. 1310–1386), merchant and banker, came of a family which had migrated to the Westphalian town of Dortmund, in north-west Germany, during the thirteenth century, and there joined the influential guild of shoemakers and tanners. Nothing is known of his youth and apprenticeship, but there is evidence for his taking an active part in the trade with ...

Article

Melchebourne, Thomas (d. 1356), merchant and financier, was a native of Bishop's Lynn, for which he sat in the parliaments of 1319, 1328, 1330, 1336, 1337, and 1340, and of which he was mayor in 1338. Between 1319 and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War he is often mentioned in connection with mercantile or administrative affairs. He exported wheat and cloth to ...

Article

Pole, Sir William de la (d. 1366), financier and merchant, was of unknown origins. Later tradition reported that he came from Ravenser, the principal harbour of the Yorkshire peninsula of Holderness, whose exposed position (it was later engulfed by the sea) led Edward I...

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Wesenham, John (fl. 1333–1382), merchant, shipowner, and financier, was named after the Norfolk village of Weasenham, 6 miles east of Bishop's Lynn. In the early stages of his career his economic interest clearly centred on shipping and the grain trade, which in East Anglia...

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White, James (1877–1927), property developer and speculator, was born on 17 May 1877 at 16A Sun Place, Rochdale, the son of Thomas White, bricklayer, and his wife, Catherine Mullroy. He was educated at St John's Roman Catholic School, Rochdale. At the age of ten he began working half-time in a cotton mill, and at nineteen he allegedly bought a ...

Article

Whittingham, Sir Robert (d. 1452), merchant and financier, was perhaps the eldest of the four children of Alan Whittingham, who may have been a Londoner; more certainly, he was the nephew of Robert Whittingham, a rich London tailor, and the brother of Thomas...