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Richard Boyle, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753) by Jonathan Richardson the elder, c. 1717–19 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boyle, Richard, third earl of Burlington and fourth earl of Cork (1694–1753), architect, collector, and patron of the arts, was born on 25 April 1694 at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, the only son of Charles Boyle, second earl of Burlington and third earl of Cork...

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George Nassau Clavering Cowper, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789) by Johan Zoffany, c. 1773 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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Cowper, George Nassau Clavering, third Earl Cowper (1738–1789), art collector and patron, was born on 26 August 1738 and baptized on 17 September at St George's, Hanover Square, London. He was the only son and second child of William, second Earl Cowper (1709–1764)...

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Falcke, Isaac (1819–1909), art collector and benefactor, was born in Great Yarmouth, one of some twenty children of Jacob Falcke. His father moved to London soon after Isaac's birth and started a business as an art dealer in Oxford Street; in due course he was joined by his sons ...

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Richard Fitzwilliam, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1764 Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, UK; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Graham, William (1817–1885), collector and art patron, was born on 25 August 1817 in Glasgow, the eldest son of William Graham (1795/6–1855), a merchant of Burnshiels, Renfrewshire, and Catherine, daughter of J. Swanston. He was educated privately and at Glasgow University, and succeeded his father as senior partner in the family business, ...

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Ionides, Alexander Constantine (1810–1890), art collector and patron, was born on 1 September 1810 in Constantinople, the fourth of eleven children of Constantine Ipliktzis (1775–1852) and his wife, Mariora Sendoukaki (1784–1857). Constantine had established a branch of his trading firm in London about 1815 and ...

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Ionides, Constantine Alexander (1833–1900), art patron and collector, was born on 14 May 1833 in Smedley Lane, Cheetham Hill, Manchester, the eldest of the five children of Alexander Constantine Ionides (1810–1890), formerly Alexander Constantine Ipliktzis, and his wife, Euterpe (1816–1892), daughter of Lucas Sgouta...

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Jones, John (1798/9–1882), art patron and collector, was born in Middlesex; nothing is known of his parentage. After serving his apprenticeship he set up in business about 1825 as a tailor and army clothier at 6 Waterloo Place, London, moving to 6–8 Regent Street...

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G. S. Layard

revised by Sharon E. Fermor

Sheepshanks, John (1787–1863), art collector and patron, was born in Leeds, where his father, Joseph Sheepshanks, was a wealthy cloth manufacturer. His mother was Anne Wilson of a Westmorland family; Richard Sheepshanks (1794–1855), the well-known astronomer, was his younger brother. John Sheepshanks retired before the age of forty, until which time he was a partner in his father's firm of ...

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Sir Henry Tate, first baronet (1819–1899) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1897 © Tate, London, 2004

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Tate, Sir Henry, first baronet (1819–1899), sugar refiner and benefactor, was born at Chorley in Lancashire on 11 March 1819, the eleventh child of the Revd William Tate (1773–1836), and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Nathaniel Booth of Gildestone, Yorkshire. Tate's parents had twelve children in all, four having died before ...

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Vernon, Robert (1774/5–1849), art collector and patron, was the son of William Vernon (d. 1801) and his wife, Mary. His father was a hackneyman in Mount Street, Berkeley Square, London, from 1793 until his death in December 1801, when his estate was valued at ...