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Albery, Nicholas Bronson (1948–2001), social activist and charity founder, was born on 28 July 1948 at Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the second of three children of Sir Donald Arthur Rolleston Albery (1914–1988), theatre owner and theatrical manager, and his second wife, ...

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Nicholas Bronson Albery (1948–2001) by David Cohen, 2000 © David Cohen

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ashbee, Charles Robert (1863–1942), architect, designer, and social reformer, was born on 17 May 1863 at Spring Grove, Heston, Isleworth, Middlesex, the first of the four children of Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900), merchant and book collector, and his wife, Elizabeth Josephine Jenny (1841–1919)...

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Charles Robert Ashbee (1863–1942) by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1900 in the possession of the Ashbee family

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Joseph Ashby (1859–1919) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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Barnett, Samuel Augustus (1844–1913), Church of England clergyman and social reformer, the elder son of Francis Augustus Barnett (d. 27 Dec 1883) and his wife, Mary Gilmore (d. 6 Nov 1880) of Bristol, was born at 5 Portland Square, Bristol, on 8 February 1844. His father was a wealthy manufacturer of iron bedsteads; his mother came from a long-established ...

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Bedi, Sir Khem Singh [Khem Singh Bedi Baba] (1832–1905), religious leader and social reformer, was born on 21 February 1832 in the village of Kallar, the Punjab, India, the second son of Baba Atar Singh Bedi (d. 1839), holy man and landowner. The family was descended from ...

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Beveridge, William Henry, Baron Beveridge (1879–1963), social reformer and economist, was born at Rangpur in Bengal on 5 March 1879.

Beveridge was the second child and elder son of ...

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Biggs, Noah (fl. 1651), medical practitioner and social reformer, was active in the 1650s, though his identity and background remain obscure. It is possible that he was Henry Biggs, a surgeon employed at the dockyards of Deptford and Woolwich in 1649–53 to work with his father, ...

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Blackham, John (1834–1923), founder of the Pleasant Sunday Afternoon movement, was born at Dudley, in the area later known as the Black Country, on 7 September 1834, and was one of three sons baptized jointly at St Thomas's in Dudley on 19 October 1834. He was the fifth son of eight children of ...

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Blackley, William Lewery (1830–1902), Church of England clergyman and social reformer, was born at Dundalk, Ireland, on 30 December 1830. He was the second son of Travers Robert Blackley of Dublin and Bohogh, co. Roscommon, and Eliza, daughter of Colonel Lewery, who was taken prisoner by the French at ...

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William Lewery Blackley (1830–1902) by unknown photographer, pubd 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Booth, George, second earl of Warrington (1675–1758), writer on divorce, second son of Henry Booth, first earl of Warrington (1652–1694), and his wife, Mary (1652–1691), daughter of Sir James Langham of Cottesbrooke, Northamptonshire, was born on 2 May 1675 at Merehall, Cheshire. His elder brother having died young, ...

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Brady, Sir Antonio (1811–1881), Admiralty official, naturalist, and social reformer, was born at Deptford, London, on 10 November 1811, the eldest son of Anthony Brady of the Deptford victualling yard, then storekeeper at the Royal William victualling yard, Plymouth, and his wife (whom he married on 20 December 1810), ...

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Bray, Charles (1811–1884), freethinker and social reformer, was born in Coventry on 31 January 1811, the son of a wealthy ribbon manufacturer. Ill as a child, Bray was sent out of the city at an early age and attended a boarding-school from the age of nine to fourteen, after which he went to a school at ...

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Bull, George Stringer (1799–1865), Church of England clergyman and social reformer, was born on 12 July 1799 at Stanway, Essex, the sixth child and sixth son of eight sons and two daughters of the Revd John Bull (1767–1834), curate of Stanway, and his wife, ...